Seattle, Washington Population 2018

Seattle, Washington is the largest city in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States and one of the fastest growing countries in the country. At the last census in 2010, the Emerald City had a population of 608,660. The Seattle metropolitan area area has more than 3.5 million inhabitants, making it the 15th largest metro area in the country.

The population of Seattle is estimated at 659,000.

Seattle has grown from just 1,150 people in 1870 to an estimated population of 659,000 in 2014. The Seattle metropolitan area, however, has a population of around 3.5 million people. This is more than half of Washington state's total population. The Seattle metropolitan area includes the Seattle-Bellevue-Everett metro division and the Tacoma metro division.

Seattle Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial and ethnic makeup of Seattle was:

  • White: 69.5% (non-Hispanic: 66.3%)
  • Asian: 13.8%
  • Black or African American: 7.9%
  • American Indian or Alaska Native: 0.8%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.4%
  • Other: 2.4%
  • Two or more races: 5.1%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 6.6%

Seattle has historically had a mostly white population. While Seattle's percentage of white residents is lower than the United States as a whole and declining, it is still one of the whitest large cities in the U.S. From 1960 to 2010, the percentage of whites in Seattle has dropped from 91.6% to 66.5%.

According to an American Community Survey, people who speak Asian languages at home account for 10% of the population, followed by Spanish at 4.5%.

Seattle's foreign-born population has increased 40% in ten years. Of the Asian population, 4.1% are Chinese with origins in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Seattle also has a large Vietnamese community with more than 30,000 Somali immigrants. The Seattle metro area is also home to one of the largest Samoan populations in the mainland United States.

There is also a large lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender population in Seattle, which is one of the highest per capita in the country. 12.9% of Seattle citizens identify as gay, lesbian or bisexual, just behind San Francisco.

Seattle History

The Seattle area was inhabited by Native Americans for about 4,000 years prior to the first European settlements. The first European to visit the area was George Vancouver in 1792 during an expedition to chart the region. In 1851, members of the Denny Party founded the village of Dewamps, which was later renamed Seattle after Chief Sealth of the Suquamish and Duwamish tribes. Seattle was incorporated in 1865. 
 Seattle's early history experienced many boom-and-bust cycles like other areas near natural and mineral resources. The first boom covered the lumber industry, although there were tensions between management and labor and ethnic tensions culminating in the anti-Chinese riots of the late 19th century. The second boom and bust was caused by the Klondike Gold Rush. After this, Seattle became a major center for transportation. It was during this time that American Messenger Company (which became UPS) was founded in the area. There was also a shipbuilding boom during World War I that nearly turned Seattle into a company town.

Today, Seattle's economy is more diverse and involves several major technology companies -- including Nintendo of America and Amazon.com -- and biomedical corporations like Eli Lily and Company and Boston Scientific. Seattle now ranks high for quality of living, sanitation, crime, recreation and public services.

Seattle Population Growth

Seattle has been undergoing a population boom over the last decade and, according to recent Census data, it had the 14th largest population increase in the country, adding more than 12,600 residents between 2011 and 2012.

Seattle has struggled with its population growth and it has experienced trouble creating space for more residents. Planners in 2006 projected the population will grow an additional 200,000 by 2040, and work has been underway to construct apartment buildings to house new residents. Since 2009, the downtown area alone has experienced a growth of 77% in twenty years.

By 2040, the larger Seattle area is expected to grow by 1.7 million people, with a total of 782,00 in Seattle proper by 2040.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017724,74517,4902.47%
2016707,25521,8083.18%
2015685,44715,8062.36%
2014669,64115,4652.36%
2013654,17618,2022.86%
2012635,97413,4422.16%
2011622,53212,1992.00%
2010610,33346,9590.80%
2000563,37447,1150.88%
1990516,25922,4130.44%
1980493,846-36,985-0.72%
1970530,831-26,256-0.48%
1960557,08789,4961.77%
1950467,59199,2892.42%
1940368,3022,7190.07%
1930365,58350,2711.49%
1920315,31278,1182.89%
1910237,194156,52311.39%
190080,67137,8346.53%
189042,83739,30428.34%
18803,5332,43312.38%
18701,1000.00%

Seattle Population in 2018Source: By Patrick Rodriguez [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White462,673
Asian94,619
Black or African American47,493
Two or More Races43,284
Some Other Race14,045
American Indian and Alaska Native4,091
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,644

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Seattle Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Seattle Median Age

35.8


Total

35.5


Male

36.1


Female

Seattle Adults

There are 566,515 adults, (79,593 of which are seniors) in Seattle.

Seattle Age Dependency

37.3

Age Dependency Ratio

16.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

21

Child Dependency Ratio

Seattle Sex Ratio

Female

333,574

49.87%

Male

335,275

50.13%

Seattle Households and Families

Seattle Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Seattle Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married71.3%28.7%
All46.2%53.8%
Female43.2%56.8%
Male43%57%
Non Family30.4%69.6%

46.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Seattle Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All304,1572.1246.2
Non Family167,1351.4230.4
Married108,6722.9471.3
Female20,0393.1643.2
Male8,3113.0643

2.89

Average Family Size

2.12

Average Household Size

7.6%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Seattle Households

Seattle Education

Seattle Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade15,0773.06%
9th to 12th Grade14,9653.04%
High School Graduate51,86310.53%
Some College79,64016.17%
Associates Degree33,4156.78%
Bachelors Degree175,06435.54%
Graduate Degree122,50224.87%

Seattle Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White344,118335,907232,212
Asian68,32157,67736,684
Black31,29826,2717,438
Hispanic26,96722,19710,974
Multiple Races20,85019,38510,230
Other Race8,4946,4902,935
Native American2,7312,186483
Islander1,5431,432404

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.61%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 67.48%.

Seattle Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$50,832$57,342$43,984
Less Than High School$22,505$24,648$21,243
High School Grad$28,804$31,318$26,276
Some College$36,463$40,633$32,165
Bachelors Degree$57,059$69,145$49,288
Graduate Degree$75,326$92,943$61,597

$50,832

Average Earnings

$57,342

Average Male

$43,984

Average Female

Seattle Language

Seattle Language by Age

Seattle Language

78.34% of Seattle residents speak only English, while 21.66% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Asian, which is spoken by 10.23% of the population.

Seattle Poverty

Seattle Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White429,51136,9468.60%
Asian91,26317,00818.64%
Black46,05915,86634.45%
Hispanic42,2767,40017.50%
Multiple41,3396,66616.13%
Other13,3622,76620.70%
Native3,8941,35034.67%
Islander2,52766026.12%

12.97%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.63%

Male Poverty Rate

13.31%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Seattle

The race most likely to be in poverty in Seattle is Native, with 34.67% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Seattle is White, with 8.60% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.52%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.00%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.91%.

Seattle Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.00%
High School17.34%
Some College13.49%
Bachelors or Greater5.17%

Seattle Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed38.57%
Female Unemployed32.62%
Female Employed7.43%
Male Employed5.72%

Seattle Income

Seattle Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$74,458$104,590
Families$108,358$140,999
Married Families$125,831$160,148
Non Families$52,484$72,441

Seattle Marital Status

Seattle Marital Status

Marriage Rates

40.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.0%

Male Marriage Rate

40.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Seattle Married by Age and Sex

Seattle Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Seattle Marital Status by Race

Seattle Veterans

Seattle Veterans by War

30,637

Number of Veterans

27,715

Male Veterans

2,922

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam10,046
First Gulf War5,779
Second Gulf War5,205
Korea2,482
World War II2,451

Seattle Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 547,702
65 to 747,289
75+7,052
55 to 645,277
18 to 343,317

Seattle Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White23,7215.90%
Black2,8268.02%
Asian1,8142.14%
2 or More1,4535.34%
Hispanic1,3544.05%
Other4383.86%
Indian33510.07%
Hawaiian502.73%

Seattle Veterans by Education

11.35%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.06%

Veteran Disability Rate

Seattle Employment Status

Seattle Employment by Age

72.7%

Labor Force Participation

68.7%

Employment Rate

5.1%

Unemployment Rate

Seattle Employment by Race

Seattle Employment by Education

Seattle Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

37.47%

Born in Washington

81.95%

Native Born

18.05%

Foreign Born

8.90%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

81.95% of Seattle residents were born in the United States, with 37.47% having been born in Washington. 8.90% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.