Selma, Alabama Population 2019

Selma, Alabama's estimated population is 17,886 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Selma, Alabama is the 35th largest city in Alabama based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 1295.23 people/mi² (500.09 people/km²).

The overall median age is 37.1 years, 32.5 years for males, and 39.8 years for females. For every 100 females there are 79.6 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were households in the city, with an average size of 2.37 people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was %, with a median rent of $/month. The median house has rooms, and has a value of $.

The median income for households in Selma, Alabama is $24,223, while the mean household income is $38,502.

Selma Al Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Selma Al was:

  • Black or African American: 80.43%
  • White: 17.33%
  • Two or more races: 0.87%
  • Asian: 0.79%
  • Other race: 0.40%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.12%
  • Native American: 0.05%

How Many People Live in Selma, Alabama?

17,886
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201817,886-492-2.68%
201718,378-461-2.45%
201618,839-436-2.26%
201519,275-338-1.72%
201419,613-175-0.88%
201319,788-412-2.04%
201220,200-306-1.49%
201120,506-278-1.34%
201020,7842720.13%
200020,512-3,243-1.46%
199023,755-2,929-1.16%
198026,684-695-0.26%
197027,379-1,006-0.36%
196028,3855,5452.20%
195022,8403,0061.42%
194019,8341,8220.97%
193018,0122,4231.46%
192015,5891,9401.34%
191013,6494,9364.59%
19008,7131,0911.35%
18907,622930.12%
18807,5291,0451.51%
18706,4843,3077.39%
18603,1771040.33%
18503,0730.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American15,424
White3,324
Two or More Races167
Asian152
Some Other Race76
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander23
American Indian and Alaska Native10

Selma Al Population Pyramid 2019

Selma Al Median Age

37.1


Total

32.5


Male

39.8


Female

Selma Al Adults

There are 14,384 adults, (3,132 of whom are seniors) in Selma Al.

Selma Al Age Dependency

70.4

Age Dependency Ratio

27.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Selma Al Sex Ratio

Female

10,678

55.68%

Male

8,498

44.32%

Selma Al Households and Families

Selma Al Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Selma Al Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79.5%20.5%
Male49.6%50.4%
All44.7%55.3%
Non Family35.9%64.1%
Female25%75%

44.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All7,8742.3744.7
Non Family3,3041.1135.9
Female2,1523.5825
Married2,0052.9479.5
Male4133.4349.6

3.15

Average Family Size

2.37

Average Household Size

4.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Selma Al Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5954.85%
9th to 12th Grade1,83914.98%
High School Graduate4,13233.65%
Some College2,54220.70%
Associates Degree1,0638.66%
Bachelors Degree1,1319.21%
Graduate Degree9777.96%

Selma Al Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black9,2947,2711,092
White2,6302,316909
Multiple Races1678438
Hispanic140124
Asian867859
Other Race3838
Islander2317
Native American101010

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$24,444$30,625$22,094
Less Than High School$16,088$15,357$16,362
High School Grad$19,355$21,917$16,149
Some College$25,475$31,176$22,324
Bachelors Degree$42,398$51,806$34,479
Graduate Degree$48,581$37,446$49,803

$24,444

Average Earnings

$30,625

Average Male

$22,094

Average Female

Selma Al Language

Selma Al Language by Age

Selma Al Language

97.43% of Selma Al residents speak only English, while 2.57% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 1.04% of the population.

Selma Al Poverty

Selma Al Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black15,0806,60243.78%
White3,06749216.04%
Hispanic2183315.14%
Multiple16774.19%

38.30%

Overall Poverty Rate

35.74%

Male Poverty Rate

40.33%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Selma Al

The race most likely to be in poverty in Selma Al is Black, with 43.78% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Selma Al is Multiple, with 4.19% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 11.20%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.95%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 45.91%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School41.63%
High School37.56%
Some College26.53%
Bachelors or Greater9.59%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed60.30%
Male Unemployed56.74%
Female Employed15.64%
Male Employed15.17%

Selma Al Income

Selma Al Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$24,223$38,502
Families$31,144$48,448
Married Families$61,815-
Non Families$16,948$22,845

Selma Al Marital Status

Selma Al Marital Status

Marriage Rates

29.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

34.1%

Male Marriage Rate

25.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Selma Al Married by Age and Sex

Selma Al Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Selma Al Marital Status by Race

Selma Al Veterans

1,043

Number of Veterans

958

Male Veterans

85

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam429
First Gulf War156
Second Gulf War153
Korea103
World War II80

Selma Al Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black7706.97%
White2568.66%
Hispanic177.80%
Hawaiian1773.91%

Selma Al Veterans by Education

27.33%

Veteran Poverty Rate

37.34%

Veteran Disability Rate

Selma Al Employment Status

50.2%

Labor Force Participation

41%

Employment Rate

18.1%

Unemployment Rate

Selma Al Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

88.31%

Born in Alabama

98.02%

Native Born

1.98%

Foreign Born

1.53%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

98.02% of Selma Al residents were born in the United States, with 88.31% having been born in Alabama. 1.53% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.