Sioux Falls, South Dakota Population 2018

Sioux Falls is South Dakota's largest city and the county seat of Minnehaha County. Sioux Falls is located on the banks of the Big Sioux River where Interstate 29 and 90 join. In 2015, Sioux Falls

has an estimated population of 170,000, which ranks 147th in the United States.

The city proper has a population density of 2,109 people per square mile (814/square kilometer). The Sioux Falls metropolitan area has a population of nearly 250,000, which accounts for almost one-third of the state's entire population. The Sioux Falls-Sioux City Designated Market Area, a media market region covering four states, has a population estimated at 1.04 million.

Sioux Falls Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of Sioux Falls was 87% White, 4% African American, 2.5% Native American, 2% Asian, 2% other race, and 2.5% two or more races. Hispanic and Latino people of any race accounted for almost 4.5% of the population.

Once South Dakota became a state in 1889, the region was settled by immigrants from Europe, particularly from Scandinavia and Germany. These remain the largest ethnic groups in the area. Lutherans account for the majority religion in Sioux Falls, followed by Roman Catholics.

Sioux Falls History

The Big Sioux River falls were created during the last ice age and they have attracted many people to the land since then. Many indigenous peoples inhabited the area before Europeans arrived, including the Dakota, Nakota, Cheyenne, Quapaw, Kansa, and Missouri people. The high bluffs close to the river are still the site of several burial grounds from the region's early history.

French explorers were the first Europeans to arrive in the early 18th century. The first European American who visited was Philander Prescott in 1832. In 1856, the Dakota Land Company from St. Paul and the Western Town Company from Iowa organized to claim the land surrounding the falls. A temporary barricade was constructed called Fort Sod to respond to hostility from surrounding tribes. That first year, 17 men wintered in the region. The next year, Sioux Falls' population grew to 40.

In 1865, Fort Dakota was established in present-day downtown and a new wave of settlers came to the region. By 1873, the Village of Sioux Falls had 593 people. It was granted a city charter in 1883. The region experienced a large boom that decade as the railroads arrived and Sioux Falls' population grew from 2,100 in 1880 to more than 10,100 by 1890, although the growth slowed to a virtual standstill the next decade due to a depression and a plague of grasshoppers.

By 1955, the city consolidated the neighboring city of South Sioux Falls, which had a population of 1,600. The population has grown rapidly since the 1970s, hitting 81,000 in 1980 and 153,000 in 2010.

Sioux Falls Population Growth

Sioux Falls is one of the 50 fastest-growing cities in America and South Dakota's fastest-growing metropolitan area. Between 2000 and 2010, the city grew 22%. The most recent population estimate found that Sioux Falls has a population of 169,900 as of January 1, 2015, a growth of nearly 14,000 people over four years. Most of the new residents to the city are coming from Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois, although many are coming from Southern California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona. By 2035, the population of Sioux Falls is projected to reach 233,000.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017176,8883,5662.06%
2016173,3222,7891.64%
2015170,5333,0881.84%
2014167,4453,6262.21%
2013163,8194,0432.53%
2012159,7763,1982.04%
2011156,5782,0361.32%
2010154,54230,5672.23%
2000123,97523,1612.09%
1990100,81419,4712.17%
198081,3438,8551.16%
197072,4887,0221.02%
196065,46612,7702.19%
195052,69611,8642.58%
194040,8327,4702.04%
193033,3628,1602.84%
192025,20211,1085.98%
191014,0943,8283.22%
190010,266890.09%
189010,1770.00%

Sioux Falls Population in 2018Source: Jake DeGroot [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White144,904
Black or African American9,140
Two or More Races5,255
American Indian and Alaska Native4,165
Asian3,867
Some Other Race3,023
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander47

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Sioux Falls Population Pyramid 2018

2,0004,0006,0008,000 Male Population2,0004,0006,0008,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Sioux Falls Median Age

34.3


Total

33.4


Male

35.1


Female

Sioux Falls Adults

There are 127,847 adults, (20,368 of whom are seniors) in Sioux Falls.

Sioux Falls Age Dependency

58.5

Age Dependency Ratio

19

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Sioux Falls Sex Ratio

Female

85,437

50.14%

Male

84,964

49.86%

Sioux Falls Households and Families

Sioux Falls Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Sioux Falls Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married84.6%15.4%
All61.2%38.8%
Male46.6%53.4%
Female44.4%55.6%
Non Family41.1%58.9%

61.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Sioux Falls Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All69,0552.3961.2
Married31,0123.1384.6
Non Family27,6721.2741.1
Female7,1823.2344.4
Male3,1892.9246.6

3.05

Average Family Size

2.39

Average Household Size

5.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Sioux Falls Households

Sioux Falls Education

Sioux Falls Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,9913.57%
9th to 12th Grade5,2394.69%
High School Graduate28,59225.58%
Some College24,13821.60%
Associates Degree12,05910.79%
Bachelors Degree25,68622.98%
Graduate Degree12,06710.80%

Sioux Falls Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White97,54792,20835,548
Black4,8193,574697
Hispanic3,8412,403436
Asian2,3681,676823
Native American1,9241,60962
Multiple Races1,4711,194184
Other Race1,358711128
Islander383221

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.53%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 55.26%.

Sioux Falls Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,565$41,706$31,803
Less Than High School$26,422$29,457$21,698
High School Grad$30,255$33,626$25,953
Some College$35,066$41,249$30,634
Bachelors Degree$43,187$53,690$36,716
Graduate Degree$58,646$63,816$52,523

$36,565

Average Earnings

$41,706

Average Male

$31,803

Average Female

Sioux Falls Language

Sioux Falls Language by Age

Sioux Falls Language

90.04% of Sioux Falls residents speak only English, while 9.96% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.77% of the population.

Sioux Falls Poverty

Sioux Falls Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White136,82811,1968.18%
Black8,8552,28325.78%
Native3,6391,87251.44%
Hispanic8,1971,47017.93%
Multiple5,0271,36427.13%
Other2,94059120.10%
Asian3,8272797.29%

11.13%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.68%

Male Poverty Rate

12.55%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Sioux Falls

The race most likely to be in poverty in Sioux Falls is Native, with 51.44% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Sioux Falls is Asian, with 7.29% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.81%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.35%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.17%.

Sioux Falls Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School22.31%
High School13.63%
Some College8.23%
Bachelors or Greater2.42%

Sioux Falls Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed35.71%
Male Unemployed34.04%
Female Employed6.48%
Male Employed3.93%

Sioux Falls Income

Sioux Falls Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$56,714$75,241
Families$74,598$92,802
Married Families$86,759$108,137
Non Families$34,447$46,008

Sioux Falls Marital Status

Sioux Falls Marital Status

Marriage Rates

48.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.8%

Male Marriage Rate

47.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Sioux Falls Married by Age and Sex

Sioux Falls Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Sioux Falls Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Sioux Falls Veterans

Sioux Falls Veterans by War

8,948

Number of Veterans

8,065

Male Veterans

883

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,222
First Gulf War1,577
Second Gulf War1,567
Korea893
World War II458

Sioux Falls Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 542,337
65 to 742,155
75+1,896
55 to 641,815
18 to 34745

Sioux Falls Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,6047.63%
2 or More944.27%
Indian883.44%
Hispanic841.71%
Black801.43%
Asian722.52%
Other100.57%

Sioux Falls Veterans by Education

5.98%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.19%

Veteran Disability Rate

Sioux Falls Employment Status

Sioux Falls Employment by Age

74.5%

Labor Force Participation

71.7%

Employment Rate

3.6%

Unemployment Rate

Sioux Falls Employment by Race

Sioux Falls Employment by Education

Sioux Falls Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

59.57%

Born in South Dakota

92.67%

Native Born

7.33%

Foreign Born

4.50%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.67% of Sioux Falls residents were born in the United States, with 59.57% having been born in South Dakota. 4.50% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Africa.