Sioux Falls, South Dakota Population 2019

Sioux Falls is the state of South Dakota's largest city and the county seat of Minnehaha County. Sioux Falls is located on the banks of the Big Sioux River where Interstate 29 and 90 join. In 2015, Sioux Falls city had an estimated population of 170,000 residents, which ranks 147th in the United States.

The city proper has a population density of 2,109 people per square mile (814/square kilometer). The Sioux Falls metropolitan area has a population of nearly 250,000, which accounts for almost one-third of the state's entire population. The Sioux Falls-Sioux City Designated Market Area, a media market region covering four states, has a population estimated at 1.04 million.

Sioux Falls Diversity and Religion

Once South Dakota became a state in 1889, the region was settled by immigrants from Europe, particularly from Scandinavia and Germany. These remain the largest ethnic groups in the area. Lutherans account for the majority religion in Sioux Falls, followed by Roman Catholics.

Sioux Falls History

The Big Sioux River falls were created during the last ice age, and they have attracted many people to the land since then. Many indigenous peoples inhabited the area before Europeans arrived, including the Dakota, Nakota, Cheyenne, Quapaw, Kansa, and Missouri people. The high bluffs close to the river are still the site of several burial grounds from the region's early history.

French explorers were the first Europeans to arrive in the early 18th century. The first European American who visited was Philander Prescott in 1832. In 1856, the Dakota Land Company from St. Paul and the Western Town Company from Iowa organized to claim the land surrounding the falls. A temporary barricade was constructed called Fort Sod to respond to hostility from neighboring tribes. That first year, 17 men wintered in the region. The next year, Sioux Falls' population grew to 40.

In 1865, Fort Dakota was established in present-day downtown and a new wave of settlers came to the region. By 1873, the Village of Sioux Falls had 593 people. It was granted a city charter in 1883. The area experienced a large boom that decade as the railroads arrived and Sioux Falls' population grew from 2,100 in 1880 to more than 10,100 by 1890, although the growth slowed to a virtual standstill the next decade due to depression and a plague of grasshoppers.

By 1955, the city consolidated the neighboring city of South Sioux Falls, which had a population of 1,600. The population has proliferated since the 1970s, hitting 81,000 in 1980 and 153,000 in 2010.

Sioux Falls Population Growth

Sioux Falls is one of the 50 fastest-growing cities in America and South Dakota's fastest-growing metropolitan area. Between 2000 and 2010, the city grew 22%. The most recent population estimate found that Sioux Falls has a population of 169,900 as of January 1, 2015, a growth of nearly 14,000 people over four years. Most of the new residents to the city are coming from Ohio, Missouri, and Illinois, although many are coming from Southern California, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona. By 2035, the population of Sioux Falls is projected to reach 233,000.

Sioux Falls Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Sioux Falls was:

  • White: 85.04%
  • Black or African American: 5.36%
  • Two or more races: 3.08%
  • Native American: 2.44%
  • Asian: 2.27%
  • Other race: 1.77%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%

Sioux Falls, South Dakota's estimated population is 181,883 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Sioux Falls, South Dakota is the 1st largest city in South Dakota based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 2359.27 people/mi² (910.91 people/km²), with a household density of 366.67 people/km² (949.68 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 34.3 years, 33.4 years for males, and 35.1 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.4 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 73,214 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.8%, with a median rent of $771/month. The median house has 5.7 rooms, and has a value of $168,600.

The median income for households in Sioux Falls, South Dakota is $56,714, while the mean household income is $75,241.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018181,8833,8832.18%
2017178,0004,3182.49%
2016173,6823,4762.04%
2015170,2063,1581.89%
2014167,0483,5762.19%
2013163,4723,6392.28%
2012159,8333,3872.16%
2011156,4461,9201.24%
2010154,52630,5512.23%
2000123,97523,1612.09%
1990100,81419,4712.17%
198081,3438,8551.16%
197072,4887,0221.02%
196065,46612,7702.19%
195052,69611,8642.58%
194040,8327,4702.04%
193033,3628,1602.84%
192025,20211,1085.98%
191014,0943,8283.22%
190010,266890.09%
189010,1770.00%
Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018265,6535,1321.93%
2017260,5215,7012.19%
2016254,8204,7671.87%
2015250,0533,9071.56%
2014246,1464,3691.77%
2013241,7774,7501.96%
2012237,0274,8992.07%
2011232,1283,0301.31%
2010229,0980.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
White144,904
Black or African American9,140
Two or More Races5,255
American Indian and Alaska Native4,165
Asian3,867
Some Other Race3,023
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander47

Sioux Falls Population Pyramid 2019

Sioux Falls Median Age

34.3


Total

33.4


Male

35.1


Female

Sioux Falls Adults

There are 127,847 adults, (20,368 of whom are seniors) in Sioux Falls.

Sioux Falls Age Dependency

58.5

Age Dependency Ratio

19

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Sioux Falls Sex Ratio

Female

85,437

50.14%

Male

84,964

49.86%

Sioux Falls Households and Families

Sioux Falls Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Sioux Falls Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married84.6%15.4%
All61.2%38.8%
Male46.6%53.4%
Female44.4%55.6%
Non Family41.1%58.9%

61.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All69,0552.3961.2
Married31,0123.1384.6
Non Family27,6721.2741.1
Female7,1823.2344.4
Male3,1892.9246.6

3.05

Average Family Size

2.39

Average Household Size

5.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Sioux Falls Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,9913.57%
9th to 12th Grade5,2394.69%
High School Graduate28,59225.58%
Some College24,13821.60%
Associates Degree12,05910.79%
Bachelors Degree25,68622.98%
Graduate Degree12,06710.80%

Sioux Falls Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White97,54792,20835,548
Black4,8193,574697
Hispanic3,8412,403436
Asian2,3681,676823
Native American1,9241,60962
Multiple Races1,4711,194184
Other Race1,358711128
Islander383221

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.53%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 55.26%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,565$41,706$31,803
Less Than High School$26,422$29,457$21,698
High School Grad$30,255$33,626$25,953
Some College$35,066$41,249$30,634
Bachelors Degree$43,187$53,690$36,716
Graduate Degree$58,646$63,816$52,523

$36,565

Average Earnings

$41,706

Average Male

$31,803

Average Female

Sioux Falls Language

Sioux Falls Language by Age

Sioux Falls Language

90.04% of Sioux Falls residents speak only English, while 9.96% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.77% of the population.

Sioux Falls Poverty

Sioux Falls Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White136,82811,1968.18%
Black8,8552,28325.78%
Native3,6391,87251.44%
Hispanic8,1971,47017.93%
Multiple5,0271,36427.13%
Other2,94059120.10%
Asian3,8272797.29%

11.13%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.68%

Male Poverty Rate

12.55%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Sioux Falls

The race most likely to be in poverty in Sioux Falls is Native, with 51.44% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Sioux Falls is Asian, with 7.29% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.81%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.35%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.17%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School22.31%
High School13.63%
Some College8.23%
Bachelors or Greater2.42%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed35.71%
Male Unemployed34.04%
Female Employed6.48%
Male Employed3.93%

Sioux Falls Income

Sioux Falls Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$56,714$75,241
Families$74,598$92,802
Married Families$86,759$108,137
Non Families$34,447$46,008

Sioux Falls Marital Status

Sioux Falls Marital Status

Marriage Rates

48.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

49.8%

Male Marriage Rate

47.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Sioux Falls Married by Age and Sex

Sioux Falls Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Sioux Falls Marital Status by Race

Sioux Falls Veterans

8,948

Number of Veterans

8,065

Male Veterans

883

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,222
First Gulf War1,577
Second Gulf War1,567
Korea893
World War II458
Age Group Veterans
35 to 542,337
65 to 742,155
75+1,896
55 to 641,815
18 to 34745

Sioux Falls Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,6047.63%
2 or More944.27%
Indian883.44%
Hispanic841.71%
Black801.43%
Asian722.52%
Other100.57%

Sioux Falls Veterans by Education

5.98%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.19%

Veteran Disability Rate

Sioux Falls Employment Status

74.5%

Labor Force Participation

71.7%

Employment Rate

3.6%

Unemployment Rate

Sioux Falls Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

59.57%

Born in South Dakota

92.67%

Native Born

7.33%

Foreign Born

4.50%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

92.67% of Sioux Falls residents were born in the United States, with 59.57% having been born in South Dakota. 4.50% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Africa.