South Bend, Indiana Population 2018

South Bend is a city located in Indiana. It serves as the county seat for St. Joseph County. Recent estimates show that the population of South Bend is 101,735, making it the fourth largest city in Indiana by population. Today, the city is a hub of economics and culture in the Northern Indiana area.

South Bend History

The region was first inhabited by tribes including the Miami and Potawatomi people. The area was first settled by Europeans during the 19th century, when trading posts were established. By the 1830s, the area was becoming more populated. In 1830, it was given the name South Bend.

Just one year later, the city was laid out to be a county seat. The town was also being designed and in 1835 was established. Like many other cities during this time, South Bend became more industrialized. There were many factories built along the St. Joseph River and in 1851, a steam locomotive arrived. The 19th century saw continued growth with the establishment of companies including Studebaker, Singer Sewing Company and Oliver Chilled Plow Company. The population and the city continued to grow, and many Europeans immigrated to the area to work in the factories. In 1842, the University of Notre Dame was founded, helping to boost the economy. In 1865, South Bend was incorporated as a city.

The city continued to grow larger during the 20th century with the arrival of more industries, including South Bend Watch Company, Bendix Corporation and Honeywell. Electric rail service was available, later followed by an electric trolley system.

However, the city faced troubles with the decline of the manufacturing industry. In 1950, over half of employment was in manufacturing. However, by 2000, it represented just 16% of employment. Job loss led to a decline in population.

Today, the company is trying to revitalize and attract residents by turning to the tech industry. New businesses are setting up shop, and in 2015, population growth was recorded for the first time in almost 50 years.

South Bend Demographics

The population of South Bend was estimated to be over 101,000 in 2016. The city has an area of 41.82 square miles, and it has a population density of 2,457.37 people per square mile.

According to census data, 60.5% of the population is white, 26.6% is black, 1.3% is Asian, 4.2% are mixed, and 13% are Hispanic or Latino. There are more female residents than males, making up 51.6% of the total population. The largest age group is under the age of 18, making up 27.3% of the population. Ten percent of the population is 18 to 24 years old, 27.1% are 25 to 44, 23.1% are 45 to 64 and 12.5% are at least 65. Approximately 16.7% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

The city’s largest employer is the University of Notre Dame, which provides over 5,000 jobs. Beacon Medical Group, South Bend Community School Corporation, AM General and Saint Joseph Regional Medical Center are other top employers in South Bend.

South Bend Population Growth

The decline of manufacturing affected South Bend’s population significantly. The population peaked in 1960 at 132,445 residents. However, by the time of the 1970 census that number had dropped by 5%. The city continued to see significant drops in population, falling to 101,166 at the time of the 2010 census. Recent estimates show that the population has risen 0.6% since the last census. Though this number is small, it is promising. The city’s efforts to attract new businesses and industries could put it back on track to increasing its population in the years ahead.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017102,2452230.22%
2016102,0222890.28%
2015101,7332880.28%
2014101,4452840.28%
2013101,1611770.18%
2012100,984-196-0.19%
2011101,180-5-0.00%
2010101,185-6,604-0.63%
2000107,7892,2780.21%
1990105,511-4,216-0.39%
1980109,727-15,853-1.34%
1970125,580-6,865-0.53%
1960132,44516,5341.34%
1950115,91114,6431.36%
1940101,268-2,925-0.28%
1930104,19333,2103.91%
192070,98317,2992.83%
191053,68417,6854.08%
190035,99914,1805.13%
189021,8198,5395.09%
188013,2806,0746.30%
18707,2063,3746.52%
18603,8322,1328.47%
18501,7000.00%

South Bend Population in 2018Source: By Ian Havens [CC0], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White62,912
Black or African American27,112
Some Other Race4,558
Two or More Races4,450
Asian1,358
American Indian and Alaska Native461
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander186

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

South Bend Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

South Bend Median Age

33.2


Total

31.9


Male

34.8


Female

South Bend Adults

There are 72,949 adults, (12,327 of which are seniors) in South Bend.

South Bend Age Dependency

66.7

Age Dependency Ratio

20.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

46.4

Child Dependency Ratio

South Bend Sex Ratio

Female

52,220

51.68%

Male

48,817

48.32%

South Bend Households and Families

South Bend Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

South Bend Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married79%21%
All57.6%42.4%
Male50.4%49.6%
Non Family48.3%51.7%
Female42.4%57.6%

57.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

South Bend Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All38,4632.5657.6
Non Family16,2041.2748.3
Married12,9633.4679
Female7,2283.5142.4
Male2,0683.6950.4

3.39

Average Family Size

2.56

Average Household Size

6.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

South Bend Households

South Bend Education

South Bend Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,8006.01%
9th to 12th Grade6,94510.98%
High School Graduate19,16530.29%
Some College13,77721.77%
Associates Degree4,1416.54%
Bachelors Degree9,29714.69%
Graduate Degree6,1489.72%

South Bend Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White39,18435,25612,470
Black15,02412,0371,670
Hispanic6,7813,241553
Other Race2,3331,031112
Multiple Races1,207944159
Asian899813569
Native American38128254
Islander82827

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 63.29%.

South Bend Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$27,071$30,468$25,085
Less Than High School$19,076$22,913$15,690
High School Grad$22,286$26,357$19,601
Some College$26,242$28,801$25,094
Bachelors Degree$36,169$45,380$31,293
Graduate Degree$49,462$53,231$44,608

$27,071

Average Earnings

$30,468

Average Male

$25,085

Average Female

South Bend Language

South Bend Language by Age

South Bend Language

85.05% of South Bend residents speak only English, while 14.95% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 11.34% of the population.

South Bend Poverty

South Bend Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black26,52511,01441.52%
White52,6019,01317.13%
Hispanic14,6324,82132.95%
Multiple4,4061,60736.47%
Other4,5401,48532.71%
Asian1,34444332.96%
Native45015334.00%

26.73%

Overall Poverty Rate

25.54%

Male Poverty Rate

27.82%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in South Bend

The race most likely to be in poverty in South Bend is Black, with 41.52% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in South Bend is White, with 17.13% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.59%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.68%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.96%.

South Bend Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.60%
High School24.33%
Some College18.49%
Bachelors or Greater7.02%

South Bend Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed50.50%
Male Unemployed45.16%
Female Employed16.55%
Male Employed11.04%

South Bend Income

South Bend Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$35,758$49,083
Families$42,669$57,762
Married Families$60,757$76,227
Non Families$24,971$35,257

South Bend Marital Status

South Bend Marital Status

Marriage Rates

36.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.5%

Male Marriage Rate

35.0%

Female Marriage Rate

South Bend Married by Age and Sex

South Bend Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

South Bend Marital Status by Race

South Bend Veterans

South Bend Veterans by War

4,809

Number of Veterans

4,470

Male Veterans

339

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam1,797
First Gulf War748
Second Gulf War564
Korea413
World War II411

South Bend Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
55 to 641,208
75+1,159
65 to 741,102
35 to 541,067
18 to 34273

South Bend Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White3,6187.44%
Black9615.33%
Hispanic1141.32%
2 or More1076.03%
Indian7317.30%
Other301.03%
Hawaiian2020.20%

South Bend Veterans by Education

10.76%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.07%

Veteran Disability Rate

South Bend Employment Status

South Bend Employment by Age

64.9%

Labor Force Participation

58.1%

Employment Rate

10.5%

Unemployment Rate

South Bend Employment by Race

South Bend Employment by Education

South Bend Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

60.65%

Born in Indiana

91.45%

Native Born

8.55%

Foreign Born

5.88%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

91.45% of South Bend residents were born in the United States, with 60.65% having been born in Indiana. 5.88% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.