Springfield, Missouri Population 2018

Springfield is a city located in the state of Missouri. The city serves as the county seat for Greene County and is part of the Springfield-Branson Metro Area. The city has a population of 167,319, according to recent estimates, making it the third most populous city in Missouri.

Springfield History

The area that is now the city of Springfield was first inhabited by the Osage, Delaware and Kickapoo tribes. A small village was constructed by the Kickapoo but was abandoned during the 1800s. Shortly after the tribe left the site, John Polk Campbell, the first settler, arrived with his brother from Tennessee. A natural well and small stream were what attracted Campbell to the site. Other settlers came after, clearing the land for their farms and constructing a general store.

In the 1830s, Greene County was established. Campbell was given 50 acres of land which was to become the county seat. The town was incorporated in 1838. After its incorporation, Springfield grew at a fairly rapid rate. By the 1860s, the town had about 2,000 residents and it was known for being a commercial center. Trouble was ahead, however, for the town.

The Civil War divided Springfield’s loyalty, leading to the Battle of Wilson’s Creek, which was won by the Confederates. Union troops retreated and upon their return, found that the majority of the Confederates had withdrawn. However, Charles Zagonyi attacked remaining Confederates during the First Battle of Springfield, and the Union was victorious. Confederate forces moved to take over Springfield, but later withdrew on the same day. The Union controlled Springfield through the end of the war.

The city’s troubles weren’t over just yet. During the early 1900s, a mob lynched several black men, hanging and burning them in the town square. The attacks led to nationwide attention. Evidence later showed that the men were innocent of the sexual assaults they were accused of. Following this event, many African Americans left the area and today only make up a small percentage of the population. However, Springfield has moved on from its darkest times. One of the most unusual things about this city is its weather, which has been listed on Forbes’ list of “America’s Wildest Weather Cities” because of the many changes that can occur even in just one day.

Today, the city has undertaken many renovation projects, particularly in its downtown area. Downtown Springfield is now the site of restaurants, boutiques, loft apartments, bars, and music venues. The city is also home to many museums, parks and performing arts centers, as well as many interesting historic sites. Several institutions of higher education are located in Springfield, including Missouri State University. The city also has many tourists, with over 3 million overnight visitors coming to the city each year. The national headquarters of many large companies including O’Reilly and Bass Pro Shops have also set up in Springfield, significantly contributing to the local economy.

Springfield Demographics

Springfield has an estimated population of over 167,000 people spread out across over 82 square miles. This puts the population density at about 1,900 people per square mile. Springfield is the 150th most populous city in the United States.

The city is primarily white, making up nearly 89% of the total population. Just over 4% of the population is Black or African American, 1.9% is Asian, and 3.2% are Mixed. Hispanics and Latinos make up about 3.7% of the population.

The largest age group in Springfield is the 25 to 44 group, making up 26% of the population. Over 18% are under age 18, while 14.5% are at least 65 years old. There are more females than males, making up 51.5% of the population. Just under 16% of the population of Springfield lives below the federal poverty line.

The city’s primary industries are health care, manufacturing, education, tourism and retail. The largest employer in the city is Mercy Health System, which employs over 9,000 individuals. CoxHealth, Wal-Mart, Springfield Public Schools and Missouri State University are among the city’s top employers.

Springfield Population Growth

There hasn’t been a time when the city of Springfield has experienced a decline in population. In its earliest years, it saw significant growth according to census data. In 1880m the population was just over 6,500. By the time of the next census, the population had grown to over 21,000. While population growth has slowed since that time, each 10-year census shows that the numbers continue to climb. In 1970, the city surpassed 100,000 residents. In 2000, that number jumped to over 150,000. Recent estimates show that the population has grown almost 5% since the last census taken in 2010. Based on these figures, it won’t be long until Springfield has over 200,000 residents.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017167,3766950.42%
2016166,6814800.29%
2015166,2011,3310.81%
2014164,8701,0640.65%
2013163,8061,8311.13%
2012161,9751,7021.06%
2011160,2737970.50%
2010159,4767,8960.51%
2000151,58011,0860.76%
1990140,4947,3780.54%
1980133,11613,0201.03%
1970120,09624,2312.28%
196095,86529,1343.69%
195066,7315,4930.86%
194061,2383,7110.63%
193057,52717,8963.80%
192039,6314,4301.19%
191035,20111,9344.23%
190023,2671,4170.63%
189021,85015,32812.85%
18806,5229671.62%
18705,5555,15514.06%
18504000.00%

Springfield Population in 2018Source: �ovart Ca�eir at English Wikipedia [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White145,969
Black or African American7,692
Two or More Races5,079
Asian3,398
Some Other Race1,725
American Indian and Alaska Native978
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander297

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Springfield Population Pyramid 2018

0%5%10%15% Male Population0%5%10%15% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Springfield Median Age

32.8


Total

31.5


Male

34


Female

Springfield Adults

There are 135,248 adults, (24,606 of which are seniors) in Springfield.

Springfield Age Dependency

49.2

Age Dependency Ratio

22.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

27

Child Dependency Ratio

Springfield Sex Ratio

Female

85,839

51.98%

Male

79,299

48.02%

Springfield Households and Families

Springfield Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Springfield Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married66.5%33.5%
All45.3%54.7%
Non Family35.7%64.3%
Male31.6%68.4%
Female30.3%69.7%

45.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Springfield Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All72,0272.1445.3
Non Family36,4721.3735.7
Married24,2362.966.5
Female8,3223.0230.3
Male2,9973.0131.6

2.84

Average Family Size

2.14

Average Household Size

8.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Springfield Households

Springfield Education

Springfield Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade3,0782.97%
9th to 12th Grade8,0717.79%
High School Graduate29,69128.67%
Some College27,06526.14%
Associates Degree7,7217.46%
Bachelors Degree17,50716.91%
Graduate Degree10,41410.06%

Springfield Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White91,57982,56325,477
Black4,1873,552508
Hispanic3,2352,408604
Multiple Races2,0381,703480
Asian1,9381,631698
Other Race819621222
Native American56847794
Islander16715445

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 92.22%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 36.02%.

Springfield Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$27,036$30,161$24,719
Less Than High School$18,039$20,567$15,281
High School Grad$22,500$25,935$20,360
Some College$25,314$26,639$23,253
Bachelors Degree$35,049$39,977$31,861
Graduate Degree$44,752$54,262$40,251

$27,036

Average Earnings

$30,161

Average Male

$24,719

Average Female

Springfield Language

Springfield Language by Age

Springfield Language

94.57% of Springfield residents speak only English, while 5.43% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 2.34% of the population.

Springfield Poverty

Springfield Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White132,84832,19124.23%
Black6,5652,52138.40%
Hispanic6,4862,16133.32%
Multiple4,7501,55032.63%
Asian3,2921,41542.98%
Other1,63151831.76%
Native86726430.45%
Islander2729334.19%

25.92%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.33%

Male Poverty Rate

28.31%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Springfield

The race most likely to be in poverty in Springfield is Asian, with 42.98% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Springfield is White, with 24.23% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.47%. Among those working part-time, it was 38.81%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 35.23%.

Springfield Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School36.43%
High School21.81%
Some College17.92%
Bachelors or Greater8.93%

Springfield Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed52.74%
Male Unemployed49.92%
Female Employed19.44%
Male Employed14.61%

Springfield Income

Springfield Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$33,769$47,041
Families$43,993$57,792
Married Families$55,589$69,821
Non Families$25,150$35,013

Springfield Marital Status

Springfield Marital Status

Marriage Rates

36.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.6%

Male Marriage Rate

34.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Springfield Married by Age and Sex

Springfield Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Springfield Marital Status by Race

Springfield Veterans

Springfield Veterans by War

11,722

Number of Veterans

10,724

Male Veterans

998

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,733
Second Gulf War1,949
First Gulf War1,459
Korea1,433
World War II877

Springfield Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
75+2,989
35 to 542,765
65 to 742,467
55 to 642,042
18 to 341,459

Springfield Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White10,9699.04%
Black3506.22%
Hispanic2375.07%
2 or More2328.21%
Indian709.25%
Asian471.57%
Other292.31%
Hawaiian2510.82%

Springfield Veterans by Education

13.71%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.98%

Veteran Disability Rate

Springfield Employment Status

Springfield Employment by Age

62%

Labor Force Participation

57.4%

Employment Rate

7.2%

Unemployment Rate

Springfield Employment by Race

Springfield Employment by Education

Springfield Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

58.90%

Born in Missouri

96.09%

Native Born

3.91%

Foreign Born

2.27%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

96.09% of Springfield residents were born in the United States, with 58.90% having been born in Missouri. 2.27% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.