St. Louis, Missouri Population 2019

St. Louis is an independent city which is located in the state of Missouri. At the 2010 census, St. Louis had a population of 319,394, which has decreased slightly in 2014 to 317,000. This makes St. Louis the 58th most populous city in the United States.

St. Louis has a population estimated at 317,000 in the city limits, but the Greater St. Louis area is the 19th largest metro area in the US with a population of 2.85 million. St. Louis enjoyed its highest population during the 1950s, when it was home to 857,000 people and ranked 8th in the country. The city was still the largest in Missouri in 1980, but Kansas City has since dwarfed it. St. Louis has now fallen to its lowest population in more than 100 years, despite signs that the negative growth had been reversed.

St Louis Population History

The area that eventually became St. Louis was a center for Native American Mississippian culture and home to several earthwork mounds, hence the city's early nickname, the Mound City. European exploration was first documented in 1673, and the area was claimed for France 5 years later by La Salle as part of New France.

The earliest European settlements were built in the 1690s through the early 1700s, and migrants from French villages became moving to the area. When France lost to the British in North America in 1764, St. Louis was founded based on a fur trade economy.

St. Louis was transferred to the Republic of France in 1800 before being sold to the US three years later in the Lousiana Purchase. Steamboats began arriving in the city in 1818, which improved its connection with other markets. Missouri was admitted to the Union in 1821, at which time slavery was legal here, and St. Louis was incorporated a year later.

The population of St. Louis grew fairly quickly from the 1840s through the 1860s when immigrants from Germany and Ireland began arriving in large numbers. By 1850, the city was more populous than New Orleans.

St. Louis was a slowly growing city until the Civil War when immigration and industrialization sparked a significant population boom. The city continued growing rapidly until it reached a peak of 856,000 in 1950, at which point it was 82% White and 17.9% African American.

After World War II ended, the city began losing people to the suburbs thanks to increasing demands for housing and easier commutes and then white flight. St. Louis has now lost over 63% of its population since 1950, which is the highest percentage of any major US city.

St Louis Diversity

The African American population of St. Louis is heavily concentrated in the northern area of the city, with the area north of Delmar being 94% black compared to 26% in the south side. The largest Asian ethnic groups include Vietnamese (0.9%), Chinese (0.6%) and Asian Indians (0.5%), with the Vietnamese community concentrated in the Dutchtown neighborhood and the Chinese community in the Central West End.

The largest Latino group comes from Mexico and accounts for 2.2% of the total population of the city. The Mexican community is concentrated most heavily in the Dutchtown, Gravois Park and Benton Park West neighborhoods.

It's estimated that St. Louis is home to about 70,000 Bosnians, which is the largest population outside of Bosnia. St. Louis is also home to the only Bosnian-language newspaper in the country.

St Louis Population Growth

The population growth of St. Louis has fallen flat and even gone negative over the last few years. From 2012 to 2013, the city's population grew just 0.2%, but the metropolitan area lost about 100,000 residents. As of 2017, the area has lost about 3.4% of the population. It won't be surprising if the population even drops below 300,000 by the next census in 2020.

St Louis Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of St Louis was:

  • Black or African American: 47.61%
  • White: 45.89%
  • Asian: 3.11%
  • Two or more races: 2.10%
  • Other race: 0.95%
  • Native American: 0.28%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2018302,838-5,028-1.63%
2017307,866-4,523-1.45%
2016312,389-3,489-1.10%
2015315,878-1,517-0.48%
2014317,395-1,064-0.33%
2013318,459-928-0.29%
2012319,387930.03%
2011319,294-24-0.01%
2010319,318-28,871-0.86%
2000348,189-48,496-1.30%
1990396,685-56,116-1.31%
1980452,801-169,435-3.13%
1970622,236-127,790-1.85%
1960750,026-106,770-1.32%
1950856,79640,7480.49%
1940816,048-5,912-0.07%
1930821,96049,0630.62%
1920772,89785,8681.18%
1910687,029111,7911.79%
1900575,238123,4682.45%
1890451,770101,2522.57%
1880350,51839,6541.21%
1870310,864150,0916.82%
1860160,77382,9137.52%
185077,86061,39116.81%
184016,46911,49212.71%
18304,9770.00%

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American149,895
White144,506
Asian9,798
Two or More Races6,613
Some Other Race2,991
American Indian and Alaska Native887
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander177

St Louis Population Pyramid 2019

St Louis Median Age

35.2


Total

34.5


Male

35.9


Female

St Louis Adults

There are 252,163 adults, (38,129 of whom are seniors) in St Louis.

St Louis Age Dependency

47.1

Age Dependency Ratio

17.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

29.3

Child Dependency Ratio

St Louis Sex Ratio

Female

162,643

51.65%

Male

152,224

48.35%

St Louis Households and Families

St Louis Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

St Louis Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.7%29.3%
Male51.4%48.6%
All43.5%56.5%
Female33.9%66.1%
Non Family33.6%66.4%

43.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All139,7412.1843.5
Non Family75,1241.2433.6
Married34,6383.0770.7
Female24,4003.5433.9
Male5,5793.351.4

3.17

Average Family Size

2.18

Average Household Size

6.1%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.9%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

St Louis Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade9,1774.17%
9th to 12th Grade22,32110.14%
High School Graduate51,14223.23%
Some College47,88021.75%
Associates Degree14,5136.59%
Bachelors Degree41,63918.91%
Graduate Degree33,46915.20%

St Louis Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White108,16199,35353,681
Black94,28075,19514,212
Asian6,9275,6633,818
Hispanic6,8795,3222,305
Multiple Races3,3602,7381,071
Other Race1,3961,175368
Native American681460133
Islander8966

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.86%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 55.12%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,550$36,306$30,514
Less Than High School$17,493$18,967$16,254
High School Grad$24,250$27,185$20,564
Some College$30,106$32,385$26,472
Bachelors Degree$43,286$49,647$40,231
Graduate Degree$54,894$61,909$51,141

$32,550

Average Earnings

$36,306

Average Male

$30,514

Average Female

St Louis Language

St Louis Language by Age

St Louis Language

90.86% of St Louis residents speak only English, while 9.14% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.15% of the population.

St Louis Poverty

St Louis Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black146,12951,10234.97%
White131,11616,97112.94%
Hispanic11,9573,28627.48%
Asian9,2432,64028.56%
Multiple6,4221,95630.46%
Other2,9361,05235.83%
Islander17711967.23%
Native8849210.41%

24.99%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.42%

Male Poverty Rate

26.45%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in St Louis

The race most likely to be in poverty in St Louis is Islander, with 67.23% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in St Louis is Native, with 10.41% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.25%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.20%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 39.05%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School41.02%
High School25.17%
Some College18.62%
Bachelors or Greater7.82%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed51.15%
Male Unemployed39.41%
Female Employed13.28%
Male Employed7.98%

St Louis Income

St Louis Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$38,664$57,588
Families$49,555$73,364
Married Families$79,214$103,823
Non Families$30,027$42,579

St Louis Marital Status

St Louis Marital Status

Marriage Rates

29.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

30.5%

Male Marriage Rate

27.6%

Female Marriage Rate

St Louis Married by Age and Sex

St Louis Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

St Louis Marital Status by Race

St Louis Veterans

17,137

Number of Veterans

15,761

Male Veterans

1,376

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam6,274
First Gulf War2,913
Second Gulf War2,543
Korea1,114
World War II453
Age Group Veterans
55 to 644,540
35 to 544,384
65 to 743,807
75+2,820
18 to 341,586

St Louis Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,7717.01%
Black7,8467.04%
Hispanic2743.30%
2 or More2526.03%
Indian11115.37%
Asian1051.23%
Other522.94%

St Louis Veterans by Education

16.87%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.37%

Veteran Disability Rate

St Louis Employment Status

65%

Labor Force Participation

58.8%

Employment Rate

9.4%

Unemployment Rate

St Louis Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

66.71%

Born in Missouri

93.25%

Native Born

6.75%

Foreign Born

3.87%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

93.25% of St Louis residents were born in the United States, with 66.71% having been born in Missouri. 3.87% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.