St. Louis, Missouri Population 2018

St. Louis is an independent city in Missouri. At the 2010 census, St. Louis had a population of 319,394, which has decreased slightly in 2014 to 317,000. This makes St. Louis the 58th most populous city in the United States.

St. Louis has a population estimated at 317,000 in the city limits, but the Greater St. Louis area is the 19th largest metro area in the US with a population of 2.85 million. St. Louis enjoyed its highest population during the 1950's, when it was home to 857,000 people and ranked 8th in the country. The city was still the largest in Missouri in 1980, but it has since been dwarved by Kansas City. St. Louis has now fallen to its lowest population in more than 100 years, despite signs that the negative growth had been reversed.

St Louis Population History

The area that eventually became St. Louis was a center for Native American Mississippian culture and home to several earthwork mounds, hence the city's early nickname, the Mound City. European exploration was first documented in 1673, and the area was claimed for France 5 years later by La Salle.

The earliest European settlements were built in the 1690's through the early 1700's, and migrants from French villages became moving to the area. When France lost to the British in North America in 1764, St. Louis was founded based on a fur trade economy.

St. Louis was transferred to the Republic of France in 1800 before being sold to the US three years later. Steamboats began arriving in the city in 1818, which improved its connection with other markets. Missouri was admitted to the Union in 1821, at which time slavery was legal here, and St. Louis was incorporated a year later.

The population of St. Louis grew fairly quickly from the 1840s through the 1860s when immigrants from Germany and Ireland began arriving in large numbers. By 1850, the city was more populous than New Orleans.

St. Louis was a slowly growing city until the Civil War, when immigration and industrialization sparked a major population boom. The city continued growing rapidly until it reached a peak of 856,000 in 1950, at which point it was 82% White and 17.9% African American.

After World War II ended, the city began losing people to the suburbs thanks to increasing demands for housing and easier commutes and then white flight. St. Louis has now lost over 63% of its population since 1950, which is the highest percent of any major US city.

St Louis Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of St. Louis was:

  • African American: 49.2%
  • White: 43.9% (non-Hispanic: 42.2%)
  • Asian: 2.9%
  • Native American and Alaska Native: 0.3%
  • Two or more races: 2.4%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 3.5%

The African American population of St. Louis is heavily concentrated in the northern area of the city, with the area north of Delmar being 94% black compared to 26% in the south side. The largest Asian ethnic groups include Vietnamese (0.9%), Chinese (0.6%) and Asian Indians (0.5%), with the Vietnamese community concentrated in the Dutchtown neighborhood and the Chinese community in the Central West End.

The largest Latino group comes from Mexico and accounts for 2.2% of the total population of the city. The Mexican community is concentrated most heavily in the Dutchtown, Garvois Park and Benton Park West neighborhoods.

It's estimated that St. Louis is home to about 70,000 Bosnians, which is the largest population outside of Bosnia. St. Louis is also home to the only Bosnian-language newspaper in the country.

St Louis Population Growth

The population growth of St. Louis has fallen flat and even gone negative over the last few years. From 2012 to 2013, the city's population grew just 0.2%, but the metropolitan area lost about 100,000 residents. It won't be surprising if the population even drops below 300,000 by the next census in 2020.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017308,626-4,518-1.44%
2016313,144-3,113-0.98%
2015316,257-1,475-0.46%
2014317,732-843-0.26%
2013318,575-788-0.25%
2012319,3632610.08%
2011319,102-263-0.08%
2010319,365-28,824-8.28%
2000348,189-48,496-12.23%
1990396,685-56,116-12.39%
1980452,801-169,435-27.23%
1970622,236-127,790-17.04%
1960750,026-106,770-12.46%
1950856,79640,7484.99%
1940816,048-5,912-0.72%
1930821,96049,0636.35%
1920772,89785,86812.50%
1910687,029111,79119.43%
1900575,238123,46827.33%
1890451,770101,25228.89%
1880350,51839,65412.76%
1870310,864150,09193.36%
1860160,77382,913106.49%
185077,86061,391372.77%
184016,46911,492230.90%
18304,9770.00%

St Louis Population in 2018Source: By F-15Cs_Missouri_ANG_over_St_Louis_Gateway_2008.jpg: Capt. Timothy Reinhart, USAFderivative work: ?fetchcomms (F-15Cs_Missouri_ANG_over_St_Louis_Gateway_2008.jpg) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American151,372
White144,226
Asian9,660
Two or More Races7,051
Some Other Race2,825
American Indian and Alaska Native734
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander162

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

St Louis Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

St Louis Median Age

34.8


Total

34.2


Male

35.6


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 246,284 adults in St Louis.

St Louis Age Dependency

46.3

Age Dependency Ratio

16.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

29.6

Child Dependency Ratio

St Louis Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.7
Houses Without Mortgage
20,391
Houses With Mortgage
40,210
Vacancy Rate
20.2
Median Rent
759
Median Home Value
120,900
Renter-Occupied Units
79,515
Owner-Occupied Units
60,601
Total Housing Units
175,538

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in St Louis for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6.9% and the labor force participation rate is 64.6%.

St Louis Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.18
Average Family Size
3.17
Total Households
140116
Married Couple Households
34103
Male Householder (no wife) Families
5601
Female Householder (no husband) Families
24944
Non Family Households
75468
Total Families
64648
Households With Own Children
27851
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
6.1
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.9

St Louis Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
21,479
$10,000 to $14,999
10,743
$15,000 to $24,999
18,735
$25,000 to $34,999
16,486
$35,000 to $49,999
19,834
$50,000 to $74,999
21,268
$75,000 to $99,999
12,153
$100,000 to $149,999
11,629
$150,000 to $199,999
3,894
Over $200,000
3,895

St Louis Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

St Louis

Missouri

$36,809

$49,593

$55,076

$67,210

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

St Louis Education Data

St Louis Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
10,2834.70%
9th to 12th Grade
23,52110.76%
High School Graduate
49,98922.87%
Some College
48,34222.12%
Associates Degree
14,2886.54%
Bachelors Degree
40,65118.60%
Graduate Degree
31,49214.41%