St. Paul, Minnesota Population 2018

St. Paul is a city located in the state of Minnesota. It serves as the county seat for Ramsey County, and it is also Michigan’s state capital. The city is the second most populous in the state, with recent estimates placing the total count at 304,442.

St. Paul History

Evidence shows that the region that is now St. Paul has been inhabited for thousands of years. It is believed that the area was first inhabited by Hopewell Indians. In the 17th century through the 19th century, St. Paul was also the home for the Mdewakanton Dakota tribe.

After the Louisiana Purchase, an Army officer purchased 100,000 acres from the tribe. This included what is now St. Paul, and it was used to establish Fort Snelling, which was completed in 1819. In 1837, all land east of the Mississippi was transferred to the federal government, and the tribe moved out. The fort was then used by explorers, missionaries and traders. By the mid-19th century, the area was a popular trade center for settlers that were going west.

It was in 1841 when a chapel was established in what is now St. Paul. Later the decade, the first school was established. By the end of the 1840s, the Minnesota Territory was established and St. Paul was designated as the capital. Minnesota was designated as a state in the late 1850s and St. Paul remained as the capital.

The city continued to grow as it became a gateway for settlers of the Minnesota frontier. The arrival of railroads continued to help boost the population. However, there were some troubles ahead for St. Paul. At the beginning of the 20th century, tornadoes and storms destroyed the downtown area causing millions of dollars in damages. However, the city rebuilt and continued to grow. Ford Motor Company opened a plant in 1924, which remained in service until 2011. Neighborhoods were constructed and Interstate 94 was built. In the 1970s, skyscrapers were built in the downtown area. Today, the city is divided into 17 different neighborhoods. It is home to many major corporations including Ecolab and Securian Financial Group. St. Paul features many historic sites, new businesses including retail centers and restaurants, and cultural centers and museums.

St. Paul Demographics

The latest data from the U.S. Census Bureau shows that the city has a population of over 304,000 residents. The area of the city is over 56 square miles, and it has a population density of 5,818 people per square mile. It is the second most populous in Minnesota and the 64th most populous in the United States.

The city of St. Paul has a population that is primarily white, with this race making up over 60% of the total population. Over 15% of residents are black, 15% are Asian, and 9.6% are Hispanic or Latino. The largest age group if 25 to 44, which makes up nearly 30% of the total population. Over one-quarter of residents are under the age of 18, while just 9% are at least 65 years old. There are more female residents than males, with women making up 51.1% of the population. Most of the residents that follow a religion are Christian, but it also has populations of Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims and Wiccans. Over 82% of residents work in the private sector.

St. Paul Population Growth

The city of St. Paul has seen significant population growth throughout its history. By the 20th century, the population had exceeded 150,000. By the time of the 1910 census, the population was over 200,000. By 1950, the city’s population was well over 300,000. In 1960, the population reached 313,411, which was where it peaked. The population then fell through the 1970s and 1980s before growing slightly in 1990 and more significantly in 2000. In 2010, the city’s population was down less than 1%. However, the city’s population according to recent estimates has risen by almost 7% since the 2010 census and is now over 300,000 again, indicating that efforts to revitalize the city seem to be working.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017306,6212,9840.98%
2016303,6373,2601.09%
2015300,3772,4490.82%
2014297,9282,5590.87%
2013295,3693,8651.33%
2012291,5042,6060.90%
2011288,8983,4571.21%
2010285,441-1,710-0.06%
2000287,15114,9160.53%
1990272,2352,0050.07%
1980270,230-39,636-1.36%
1970309,866-3,545-0.11%
1960313,4112,0620.07%
1950311,34923,6130.79%
1940287,73616,1300.58%
1930271,60636,9081.47%
1920234,69819,9540.89%
1910214,74451,6792.79%
1900163,06529,9092.05%
1890133,15691,68312.37%
188041,47321,4437.55%
187020,0309,6296.77%
186010,4019,30125.19%
18501,1000.00%

St Paul Population in 2018Source: By Jeremy Noble from St. Paul, United States (utopia/distopia) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White172,777
Asian54,039
Black or African American47,691
Two or More Races14,825
Some Other Race8,733
American Indian and Alaska Native2,675
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander80

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

St Paul Population Pyramid 2018

5,00010,00015,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

St Paul Median Age

31.5


Total

30.8


Male

32.1


Female

St Paul Adults

There are 224,580 adults, (29,275 of whom are seniors) in St Paul.

St Paul Age Dependency

54

Age Dependency Ratio

15

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39

Child Dependency Ratio

St Paul Sex Ratio

Female

152,179

50.59%

Male

148,641

49.41%

St Paul Households and Families

St Paul Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

St Paul Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.7%27.3%
All49.9%50.1%
Male48.3%51.7%
Non Family36.7%63.3%
Female33.9%66.1%

49.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

St Paul Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All112,5022.649.9
Non Family50,4621.3536.7
Married40,6733.5672.7
Female15,7183.7133.9
Male5,6493.6648.3

3.47

Average Family Size

2.6

Average Household Size

8.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

St Paul Households

St Paul Education

St Paul Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade15,1608.05%
9th to 12th Grade10,4395.54%
High School Graduate39,60521.03%
Some College34,30518.22%
Associates Degree13,9237.39%
Bachelors Degree44,13223.44%
Graduate Degree30,74616.33%

St Paul Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White116,796112,65961,351
Asian26,61216,5775,650
Black25,53920,2544,167
Hispanic14,7409,2232,404
Other Race4,7702,642387
Multiple Races4,6234,0271,409
Native American1,5651,253276
Islander735020

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.46%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 52.53%.

St Paul Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$36,188$38,139$34,234
Less Than High School$20,566$22,473$16,527
High School Grad$26,940$29,847$24,173
Some College$32,467$34,858$30,758
Bachelors Degree$45,082$50,176$41,796
Graduate Degree$64,007$72,259$60,026

$36,188

Average Earnings

$38,139

Average Male

$34,234

Average Female

St Paul Language

St Paul Language by Age

St Paul Language

70.79% of St Paul residents speak only English, while 29.21% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Asian, which is spoken by 15.24% of the population.

St Paul Poverty

St Paul Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black46,96917,28736.81%
Asian53,44216,48030.84%
White151,32015,22410.06%
Hispanic28,5956,81223.82%
Multiple14,2504,31430.27%
Other8,5811,90422.19%
Native2,54992736.37%
Islander801012.50%

20.41%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.27%

Male Poverty Rate

21.52%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in St Paul

The race most likely to be in poverty in St Paul is Black, with 36.81% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in St Paul is White, with 10.06% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.81%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.33%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.79%.

St Paul Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School37.11%
High School19.24%
Some College14.18%
Bachelors or Greater5.10%

St Paul Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed43.08%
Male Unemployed39.12%
Female Employed11.31%
Male Employed9.23%

St Paul Income

St Paul Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,841$73,728
Families$65,869$89,624
Married Families$88,435$112,693
Non Families$37,334$50,494

St Paul Marital Status

St Paul Marital Status

Marriage Rates

38.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.6%

Male Marriage Rate

37.3%

Female Marriage Rate

St Paul Married by Age and Sex

St Paul Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

St Paul Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

St Paul Veterans

St Paul Veterans by War

10,055

Number of Veterans

9,355

Male Veterans

700

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,781
Second Gulf War1,495
First Gulf War1,468
Korea862
World War II639

St Paul Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 742,561
75+2,253
55 to 642,179
35 to 542,062
18 to 341,000

St Paul Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White8,2855.77%
Black1,1303.62%
Hispanic4572.44%
Asian3250.94%
2 or More1412.01%
Other1051.74%
Indian693.67%

St Paul Veterans by Education

9.45%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.12%

Veteran Disability Rate

St Paul Employment Status

St Paul Employment by Age

70.7%

Labor Force Participation

65.9%

Employment Rate

6.7%

Unemployment Rate

St Paul Employment by Race

St Paul Employment by Education

St Paul Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

54.57%

Born in Minnesota

80.51%

Native Born

19.49%

Foreign Born

9.76%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

80.51% of St Paul residents were born in the United States, with 54.57% having been born in Minnesota. 9.76% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.