Stockton, California Population 2018

Stockton is a city located in California. It is part of San Joaquin County in the San Joaquin Valley region. It also serves as the county seat. The city was founded in 1849 and since its founding has expanded and added to its population. What’s notable about Stockton is it was the state’s first city to have a name that did not have Native American or Spanish origins. Estimates put the city’s population at 307,072, making it the largest city in the country, the 13th largest in the state, and the 63rd largest in the nation by population.

Stockton History

The city was first discovered to be inhabited by the Yatchicumne people. It was only during the California Gold Rush in the 1840s that European and Americans came to the area. German immigrant Charles Maria Weber decided that he would sell supplies to those looking for gold, so he formed a partnership with William Gulnac to apply for a land grant along the San Joaquin River. The Rancho Campo de los Franceses Mexican land grant was given, and the city was founded in 1849.

Stockton grew during the Gold Rush as a river port and was also a hub for transportation to the various gold settlements in the San Joaquin Valley. The city’s population continued to grow into the 1850s as Chinese immigrants made their way over. They worked for the railroad companies and land reclamation projects after leaving China due to economic and political unrest. What’s interesting to note, however, is that the immigrants were prohibited from purchasing property, and only during the 1960s were American-born Chinese residents allowed to own buildings and property.

Stockton was officially incorporated as a city in 1850. The first election was held that same year. The city had a very diverse population at the time of incorporation, as people had traveled to Stockton from around the world because of the Gold Rush. The late 1800s saw the development of track-laying machines for plowing and the founding of the Holt Manufacturing Company and Stockton Wheel Company.

During the 19th century, Stockton continued to thrive as it was a hub for transportation and served as an inland seaport. Today, the city is still a hub for transportation because of its central location and proximity to the state’s freeway systems. Because of this, as well as the inexpensive land costs when compared to other California cities, has led many companies to bring their regional headquarters to Stockton.

In recent years, the city has focused on revitalization. Many buildings throughout the city have been renovated and transformed. A downtown marina has been constructed. Future plans include new housing developments, bridges, and a county court house. In 2007, Stockton was affected by the financial crisis and led the country in foreclosures. The value of homes dropped an average of 44% between 2006 and 2007. The unemployment rate also grew to one of the highest in the nation, and the city also had an increase in crime, making it on Forbes’ list of the most dangerous cities in America. It was also named by Forbes as one of the worst places to live in 2010.

Following the crisis, Stockton filed for bankruptcy and was the largest city to ever do so at the time, although Detroit has since surpassed that record. The city exited from bankruptcy in 2015. Despite all of this, however, the city has continued to grow in terms of population.

Stockton Demographics

Recent estimates show that the population of Stockton is over 307,000. The total area of the city is over 64 square miles, giving it a population density of almost 5,000 people per square mile.

Stockton’s population is very diverse in terms of race. Data show that 37% of the population is white, over 12% is African American, 21.5% are Asian, and 6.9% are mixed race. Recent data show that over 35% of the population is of Mexican descent.

When looking at the population by age groups, 29.9% are under the age of 18, making up the largest group. Over one-quarter of the population are between the ages of 25 and 44. Ten percent are at least 65 years old. There are more females than males living in Stockton, with 96.1 males for every 100 females. Close to one-quarter of Stockton’s total population lives below the federal poverty line.

Stockton throughout the 2010s has been on the list of many negative national rankings, including being named as one of the most dangerous cities in America, one of the least literate cities in the country, and a city with one of the highest obesity rates. San Joaquin County is top employer of the city, employing almost 6,000 residents. Other top employers include the Stockton Unified School District, St. Joseph’s Medical Center, OG Packing and the California Division of Juvenile Justice, each employing thousands of people from Stockton.

Stockton Population Growth

Despite the problems that the city has faced such as high crime rates and bankruptcy, the city’s population has only continued to grow since the 1860 census. The city’s largest population growth occurred between 1860 and 1870, when the population grew by over 173%. Stockton reached over 100,000 inhabitants by the time of the 1970 census. Steady growth has been observed every 10 years following, with the city hitting the 200,000 milestone in 1990. Recent estimates show that the population has grown by over 5% since the last census recorded in 2010. As the city continues to revitalize and rebuild its economy, it can only be expected that Stockton will continue to grow in terms of its population.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017310,4963,2261.05%
2016307,2702,5470.84%
2015304,7233,3501.11%
2014301,3733,6301.22%
2013297,7435810.20%
2012297,1621,9540.66%
2011295,2082,7110.93%
2010292,49748,7261.84%
2000243,77132,8281.46%
1990210,94362,6603.59%
1980148,28338,3203.03%
1970109,96323,6422.45%
196086,32115,4681.99%
195070,85316,1392.62%
194054,7146,7511.33%
193047,9637,6671.76%
192040,29617,0435.65%
191023,2535,7472.88%
190017,5063,0821.96%
189014,4244,1423.44%
188010,2822160.21%
187010,0666,38710.59%
18603,6790.00%

Stockton Population in 2018Source: By LPS.1 [CC0], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White131,255
Asian65,690
Some Other Race38,282
Black or African American34,587
Two or More Races26,923
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,476
American Indian and Alaska Native2,230

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Stockton Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Stockton Median Age

31.8


Total

30.2


Male

33.4


Female

Stockton Adults

There are 215,230 adults, (34,967 of which are seniors) in Stockton.

Stockton Age Dependency

67.2

Age Dependency Ratio

19.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

47.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Stockton Sex Ratio

Female

153,630

50.96%

Male

147,813

49.04%

Stockton Households and Families

Stockton Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Stockton Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64%36%
All47.9%52.1%
Non Family40%60%
Male36.3%63.7%
Female28.8%71.2%

47.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Stockton Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All93,4873.1547.9
Married40,9213.8864
Non Family25,9711.3140
Female19,1273.8128.8
Male7,4683.9136.3

3.7

Average Family Size

3.15

Average Household Size

8.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Stockton Households

Stockton Education

Stockton Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade25,18313.86%
9th to 12th Grade20,60211.34%
High School Graduate45,27224.91%
Some College42,31723.29%
Associates Degree16,7149.20%
Bachelors Degree21,50311.83%
Graduate Degree10,1235.57%

Stockton Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic65,85739,1714,865
White49,30444,42612,773
Asian40,62730,2859,860
Black20,90918,0173,317
Other Race20,85511,3661,335
Multiple Races10,6778,2411,203
Islander1,6041,020105
Native American1,5381,136116

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 90.11%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 25.91%.

Stockton Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,977$35,197$26,490
Less Than High School$20,800$25,681$13,418
High School Grad$26,636$31,759$21,177
Some College$32,534$41,226$28,435
Bachelors Degree$46,553$50,829$42,871
Graduate Degree$71,280$81,431$65,838

$30,977

Average Earnings

$35,197

Average Male

$26,490

Average Female

Stockton Language

Stockton Language by Age

Stockton Language

53.90% of Stockton residents speak only English, while 46.10% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 27.05% of the population.

Stockton Poverty

Stockton Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic124,40931,89425.64%
Asian63,97913,57521.22%
Black34,17412,42336.35%
Other38,09910,74328.20%
White62,5969,76115.59%
Multiple26,3866,56224.87%
Native2,21453224.03%
Islander2,4552339.49%

23.67%

Overall Poverty Rate

22.47%

Male Poverty Rate

24.83%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Stockton

The race most likely to be in poverty in Stockton is Black, with 36.35% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Stockton is Islander, with 9.49% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.38%. Among those working part-time, it was 24.01%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.75%.

Stockton Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.34%
High School20.56%
Some College15.41%
Bachelors or Greater8.22%

Stockton Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed47.65%
Male Unemployed36.70%
Female Employed11.32%
Male Employed9.71%

Stockton Income

Stockton Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$46,033$64,008
Families$51,766$70,145
Married Families$67,554$87,770
Non Families$27,320$42,387

Stockton Marital Status

Stockton Marital Status

Marriage Rates

42.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.1%

Male Marriage Rate

40.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Stockton Married by Age and Sex

Stockton Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55To64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Stockton Marital Status by Race

Stockton Veterans

Stockton Veterans by War

11,589

Number of Veterans

10,628

Male Veterans

961

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam4,437
First Gulf War2,076
Second Gulf War1,679
Korea969
World War II608

Stockton Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 742,890
55 to 642,792
35 to 542,505
75+2,165
18 to 341,237

Stockton Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White6,8676.92%
Hispanic2,3272.88%
Black1,8717.54%
Asian1,3662.81%
2 or More7625.45%
Other5492.19%
Indian1357.83%
Hawaiian392.33%

Stockton Veterans by Education

12.20%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.33%

Veteran Disability Rate

Stockton Employment Status

Stockton Employment by Age

59.3%

Labor Force Participation

51.1%

Employment Rate

13.8%

Unemployment Rate

Stockton Employment by Race

Stockton Employment by Education

Stockton Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

61.96%

Born in California

73.98%

Native Born

26.02%

Foreign Born

13.67%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

73.98% of Stockton residents were born in the United States, with 61.96% having been born in California. 13.67% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.