Stockton, California Population 2018

Stockton is a city located in California. It is part of San Joaquin County in the San Joaquin Valley region. It also serves as the county seat. The city was founded in 1849 and since its founding has expanded and added to its population. What’s notable about Stockton is it was the state’s first city to have a name that did not have Native American or Spanish origins. Estimates put the city’s population at 307,072, making it the largest city in the country, the 13th largest in the state, and the 63rd largest in the nation by population.

Stockton History

The city was first discovered to be inhabited by the Yatchicumne people. It was only during the California Gold Rush in the 1840s that European and Americans came to the area. German immigrant Charles Maria Weber decided that he would sell supplies to those looking for gold, so he formed a partnership with William Gulnac to apply for a land grant along the San Joaquin River. The Rancho Campo de los Franceses Mexican land grant was given, and the city was founded in 1849.

Stockton grew during the Gold Rush as a river port and was also a hub for transportation to the various gold settlements in the San Joaquin Valley. The city’s population continued to grow into the 1850s as Chinese immigrants made their way over. They worked for the railroad companies and land reclamation projects after leaving China due to economic and political unrest. What’s interesting to note, however, is that the immigrants were prohibited from purchasing property, and only during the 1960s were American-born Chinese residents allowed to own buildings and property.

Stockton was officially incorporated as a city in 1850. The first election was held that same year. The city had a very diverse population at the time of incorporation, as people had traveled to Stockton from around the world because of the Gold Rush. The late 1800s saw the development of track-laying machines for plowing and the founding of the Holt Manufacturing Company and Stockton Wheel Company.

During the 19th century, Stockton continued to thrive as it was a hub for transportation and served as an inland seaport. Today, the city is still a hub for transportation because of its central location and proximity to the state’s freeway systems. Because of this, as well as the inexpensive land costs when compared to other California cities, has led many companies to bring their regional headquarters to Stockton.

In recent years, the city has focused on revitalization. Many buildings throughout the city have been renovated and transformed. A downtown marina has been constructed. Future plans include new housing developments, bridges, and a county court house. In 2007, Stockton was affected by the financial crisis and led the country in foreclosures. The value of homes dropped an average of 44% between 2006 and 2007. The unemployment rate also grew to one of the highest in the nation, and the city also had an increase in crime, making it on Forbes’ list of the most dangerous cities in America. It was also named by Forbes as one of the worst places to live in 2010.

Following the crisis, Stockton filed for bankruptcy and was the largest city to ever do so at the time, although Detroit has since surpassed that record. The city exited from bankruptcy in 2015. Despite all of this, however, the city has continued to grow in terms of population.

Stockton Demographics

Recent estimates show that the population of Stockton is over 307,000. The total area of the city is over 64 square miles, giving it a population density of almost 5,000 people per square mile.

Stockton’s population is very diverse in terms of race. Data show that 37% of the population is white, over 12% is African American, 21.5% are Asian, and 6.9% are mixed race. Recent data show that over 35% of the population is of Mexican descent.

When looking at the population by age groups, 29.9% are under the age of 18, making up the largest group. Over one-quarter of the population are between the ages of 25 and 44. Ten percent are at least 65 years old. There are more females than males living in Stockton, with 96.1 males for every 100 females. Close to one-quarter of Stockton’s total population lives below the federal poverty line.

Stockton throughout the 2010s has been on the list of many negative national rankings, including being named as one of the most dangerous cities in America, one of the least literate cities in the country, and a city with one of the highest obesity rates. San Joaquin County is top employer of the city, employing almost 6,000 residents. Other top employers include the Stockton Unified School District, St. Joseph’s Medical Center, OG Packing and the California Division of Juvenile Justice, each employing thousands of people from Stockton.

Stockton Population Growth

Despite the problems that the city has faced such as high crime rates and bankruptcy, the city’s population has only continued to grow since the 1860 census. The city’s largest population growth occurred between 1860 and 1870, when the population grew by over 173%. Stockton reached over 100,000 inhabitants by the time of the 1970 census. Steady growth has been observed every 10 years following, with the city hitting the 200,000 milestone in 1990. Recent estimates show that the population has grown by over 5% since the last census recorded in 2010. As the city continues to revitalize and rebuild its economy, it can only be expected that Stockton will continue to grow in terms of its population.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017310,4963,2261.05%
2016307,2702,5470.84%
2015304,7233,3501.11%
2014301,3733,6301.22%
2013297,7435810.20%
2012297,1621,9540.66%
2011295,2082,7110.93%
2010292,49748,72619.99%
2000243,77132,82815.56%
1990210,94362,66042.26%
1980148,28338,32034.85%
1970109,96323,64227.39%
196086,32115,46821.83%
195070,85316,13929.50%
194054,7146,75114.08%
193047,9637,66719.03%
192040,29617,04373.29%
191023,2535,74732.83%
190017,5063,08221.37%
189014,4244,14240.28%
188010,2822162.15%
187010,0666,387173.61%
18603,6790.00%

Stockton Population in 2018Source: By LPS.1 [CC0], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White131,255
Asian65,690
Some Other Race38,282
Black or African American34,587
Two or More Races26,923
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,476
American Indian and Alaska Native2,230

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Stockton Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Stockton Median Age

31.8


Total

30.2


Male

33.4


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 221,694 adults in Stockton.

Stockton Age Dependency

67.2

Age Dependency Ratio

19.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

47.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Stockton Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.2
Houses Without Mortgage
11,471
Houses With Mortgage
33,306
Vacancy Rate
7.9
Median Rent
967
Median Home Value
191,000
Renter-Occupied Units
48,710
Owner-Occupied Units
44,777
Total Housing Units
101,494

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Stockton for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 8.2% and the labor force participation rate is 59.3%.

Stockton Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
3.15
Average Family Size
3.7
Total Households
93487
Married Couple Households
40921
Male Householder (no wife) Families
7468
Female Householder (no husband) Families
19127
Non Family Households
25971
Total Families
67516
Households With Own Children
35454
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
8.4
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.4

Stockton Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
7,439
$10,000 to $14,999
7,554
$15,000 to $24,999
11,803
$25,000 to $34,999
10,612
$35,000 to $49,999
12,260
$50,000 to $74,999
16,038
$75,000 to $99,999
10,493
$100,000 to $149,999
10,588
$150,000 to $199,999
3,693
Over $200,000
3,007

Stockton Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Stockton

California

$46,033

$63,783

$64,008

$91,149

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Stockton Education Data

Stockton Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
25,18313.86%
9th to 12th Grade
20,60211.34%
High School Graduate
45,27224.91%
Some College
42,31723.29%
Associates Degree
16,7149.20%
Bachelors Degree
21,50311.83%
Graduate Degree
10,1235.57%