Tacoma, Washington Population 2018

Tacoma is a port city located in the state of Washington. It serves as the county seat of Piece County. Tacoma is located along the Puget Sound, just miles from the cities of Seattle and Olympia. The city was founded in 1833. Tacoma has an estimated population of 207,948 people, making it the third most populous city in the state. The city has seen its ups and downs throughout the years in terms of population, but recent restorations and revitalization projects have been launched in hopes of drawing in more inhabitants.

Tacoma History

Native Americans inhabited what is now Tacoma for years before being settled by Europeans. The Puyallup was a notable group that lived in the region during its earliest years. What would later become Tacoma was settled by Nicolas Delin who built a sawmill close to Commencement Bay. However, all was later abandoned during the Indian War. It was in 1864 when Job Carr came to live in the area, but later sold his claim to Morton McCarver, who came up with the idea of Tacoma City.

The city was incorporated in 1875 because it was to be the site of a Northern Pacific Railroad depot. However, the depot was built several miles from the development as an area known as New Tacoma. These regions, however, merged in 1884 and experienced a population boom shortly thereafter.

It was in 1885 that hundreds of Chinese residents were evicted from the city and sent to Portland, Oregon. As the 19th century ended, a streetcar accident occurred in Tacoma, resulting in many deaths. During the early 20th century, smelter workers went on strike in Tacoma, demanding a pay raise. The strike ended just months later, with the workers not getting the extra pay they were seeking.

The 1920s saw a period of growth with the development of the first movie studio in the city. However, the stock market crash on 1929 brought misfortune to the city. Shortly after, Tacoma experienced one of its coldest winters in history, resulting in major power outages. The local economy was impacted, businesses shut their doors, and foreclosures were on the rise. The 1930s saw an increase of population in Hooverville, the city’s homeless community, as families were evicted from their homes.

The 1950s brought about more problems for the city as government corruption was uncovered. The commission-style government was changed to a mayor and city-manager system. The city’s economy continued to decline, with many streets and stores completely abandoned. The 1980s and early 1990s saw a higher rate of crime, but with the 2000s came a reduction in crime. The city was later named as one of the Most Livable Communities.

It was during the 1990s that revitalization efforts began. Among the renovations were the federal courthouse, the Tacoma Art Museum, and America’s Car Museum.

Tacoma Demographics

Recent estimates show that Tacoma’s population has almost reached 208,000 inhabitants. The city’s total area is over 62 square miles with a population density of over 3,990 people per square mile. Almost 65% of the city’s population is white, over 12% is African American, over 8% is Asian, and over 8% are mixed race. There are over 11% Hispanic or Latino residents living in Tacoma.

The largest age group is 25 to 44, which makes up 29.6% of the population. Over one-quarter are between the ages of 45 and 64. Twenty-three percent of residents are under the age of 18, while 11.3% are over the age of 64. The population is made up of 50.6% female residents and 49.4% male residents. About 15.9% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

There are many international companies located in Tacoma. The top employer is the Joint Base Lewish-McChord, which employs over 66,000 people. The public-school districts, the State of Washington, and the city’s health systems are also major employers.

Tacoma Population Growth

Despite some troubles in its past, the city has always seen population growth at every 10-year census. The population experienced its largest growth between 1880 and 1890, growing by over 3,000%. Population growth has slowed in recent years, but it still continues to climb. Based on recent estimates, the population has grown by 6.5% since the last census taken in 2010. Revitalization of the city, particularly the downtown area, is expected to continue to bring in new residents to this city.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017213,4183,1141.48%
2016210,3043,5301.71%
2015206,7743,0321.49%
2014203,7421,5810.78%
2013202,1616560.33%
2012201,5052,0441.02%
2011199,4611,2570.63%
2010198,2044,6482.40%
2000193,55616,8929.56%
1990176,66418,16311.46%
1980158,5014,0942.65%
1970154,4076,4284.34%
1960147,9794,3063.00%
1950143,67334,26531.32%
1940109,4082,5912.43%
1930106,8179,85210.16%
192096,96513,22215.79%
191083,74346,029122.05%
190037,7141,7084.74%
189036,0060.00%

Tacoma Population in 2018Source: By Dicklyon [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White134,255
Black or African American20,851
Asian18,667
Two or More Races18,207
Some Other Race8,611
American Indian and Alaska Native2,661
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,350

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Tacoma Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Tacoma Median Age

36


Total

34.9


Male

37.3


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 167,106 adults in Tacoma.

Tacoma Age Dependency

52.8

Age Dependency Ratio

19.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Tacoma Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.2
Houses Without Mortgage
9,890
Houses With Mortgage
30,294
Vacancy Rate
8.3
Median Rent
980
Median Home Value
212,400
Renter-Occupied Units
40,149
Owner-Occupied Units
40,184
Total Housing Units
87,632

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Tacoma for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5% and the labor force participation rate is 64.1%.

Tacoma Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.49
Average Family Size
3.23
Total Households
80333
Married Couple Households
31226
Male Householder (no wife) Families
3804
Female Householder (no husband) Families
10134
Non Family Households
35169
Total Families
45164
Households With Own Children
20060
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.8
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.7

Tacoma Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
7,098
$10,000 to $14,999
4,256
$15,000 to $24,999
7,846
$25,000 to $34,999
7,331
$35,000 to $49,999
11,033
$50,000 to $74,999
16,009
$75,000 to $99,999
10,596
$100,000 to $149,999
10,320
$150,000 to $199,999
3,383
Over $200,000
2,461

Tacoma Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Tacoma

Washington

$53,553

$62,848

$67,669

$84,022

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Tacoma Education Data

Tacoma Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
6,1934.43%
9th to 12th Grade
10,7027.65%
High School Graduate
37,92727.11%
Some College
35,25625.20%
Associates Degree
12,4908.93%
Bachelors Degree
24,63217.60%
Graduate Degree
12,7219.09%