Tacoma, Washington Population 2018

Tacoma is a port city located in the state of Washington. It serves as the county seat of Piece County. Tacoma is located along the Puget Sound, just miles from the cities of Seattle and Olympia. The city was founded in 1833. Tacoma has an estimated population of 207,948 people, making it the third most populous city in the state. The city has seen its ups and downs throughout the years in terms of population, but recent restorations and revitalization projects have been launched in hopes of drawing in more inhabitants.

Tacoma History

Native Americans inhabited what is now Tacoma for years before being settled by Europeans. The Puyallup was a notable group that lived in the region during its earliest years. What would later become Tacoma was settled by Nicolas Delin who built a sawmill close to Commencement Bay. However, all was later abandoned during the Indian War. It was in 1864 when Job Carr came to live in the area, but later sold his claim to Morton McCarver, who came up with the idea of Tacoma City.

The city was incorporated in 1875 because it was to be the site of a Northern Pacific Railroad depot. However, the depot was built several miles from the development as an area known as New Tacoma. These regions, however, merged in 1884 and experienced a population boom shortly thereafter.

It was in 1885 that hundreds of Chinese residents were evicted from the city and sent to Portland, Oregon. As the 19th century ended, a streetcar accident occurred in Tacoma, resulting in many deaths. During the early 20th century, smelter workers went on strike in Tacoma, demanding a pay raise. The strike ended just months later, with the workers not getting the extra pay they were seeking.

The 1920s saw a period of growth with the development of the first movie studio in the city. However, the stock market crash on 1929 brought misfortune to the city. Shortly after, Tacoma experienced one of its coldest winters in history, resulting in major power outages. The local economy was impacted, businesses shut their doors, and foreclosures were on the rise. The 1930s saw an increase of population in Hooverville, the city’s homeless community, as families were evicted from their homes.

The 1950s brought about more problems for the city as government corruption was uncovered. The commission-style government was changed to a mayor and city-manager system. The city’s economy continued to decline, with many streets and stores completely abandoned. The 1980s and early 1990s saw a higher rate of crime, but with the 2000s came a reduction in crime. The city was later named as one of the Most Livable Communities.

It was during the 1990s that revitalization efforts began. Among the renovations were the federal courthouse, the Tacoma Art Museum, and America’s Car Museum.

Tacoma Demographics

Recent estimates show that Tacoma’s population has almost reached 208,000 inhabitants. The city’s total area is over 62 square miles with a population density of over 3,990 people per square mile. Almost 65% of the city’s population is white, over 12% is African American, over 8% is Asian, and over 8% are mixed race. There are over 11% Hispanic or Latino residents living in Tacoma.

The largest age group is 25 to 44, which makes up 29.6% of the population. Over one-quarter are between the ages of 45 and 64. Twenty-three percent of residents are under the age of 18, while 11.3% are over the age of 64. The population is made up of 50.6% female residents and 49.4% male residents. About 15.9% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

There are many international companies located in Tacoma. The top employer is the Joint Base Lewish-McChord, which employs over 66,000 people. The public-school districts, the State of Washington, and the city’s health systems are also major employers.

Tacoma Population Growth

Despite some troubles in its past, the city has always seen population growth at every 10-year census. The population experienced its largest growth between 1880 and 1890, growing by over 3,000%. Population growth has slowed in recent years, but it still continues to climb. Based on recent estimates, the population has grown by 6.5% since the last census taken in 2010. Revitalization of the city, particularly the downtown area, is expected to continue to bring in new residents to this city.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017213,4183,1141.48%
2016210,3043,5301.71%
2015206,7743,0321.49%
2014203,7421,5810.78%
2013202,1616560.33%
2012201,5052,0441.02%
2011199,4611,2570.63%
2010198,2044,6480.24%
2000193,55616,8920.92%
1990176,66418,1631.09%
1980158,5014,0940.26%
1970154,4076,4280.43%
1960147,9794,3060.30%
1950143,67334,2652.76%
1940109,4082,5910.24%
1930106,8179,8520.97%
192096,96513,2221.48%
191083,74346,0298.30%
190037,7141,7080.46%
189036,0060.00%

Tacoma Population in 2018Source: By Dicklyon [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White136,822
Black or African American20,445
Asian18,236
Two or More Races17,583
Some Other Race8,862
American Indian and Alaska Native2,677
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,655

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Tacoma Population Pyramid 2018

2,0004,0006,0008,00010,000 Male Population2,0004,0006,0008,00010,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Tacoma Median Age

35.9


Total

34.9


Male

37.1


Female

Tacoma Adults

There are 163,109 adults, (26,908 of whom are seniors) in Tacoma.

Tacoma Age Dependency

52.2

Age Dependency Ratio

19.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Tacoma Sex Ratio

Female

104,261

50.30%

Male

103,019

49.70%

Tacoma Households and Families

Tacoma Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Tacoma Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married69.8%30.2%
All50.4%49.6%
Male45.6%54.4%
Female41.5%58.5%
Non Family36.1%63.9%

50.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Tacoma Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All82,0162.4550.4
Non Family35,5881.3236.1
Married31,8673.2569.8
Female10,1723.4941.5
Male4,3893.4745.6

3.17

Average Family Size

2.45

Average Household Size

7.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Tacoma Households

Tacoma Education

Tacoma Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,0104.23%
9th to 12th Grade10,8567.64%
High School Graduate37,15626.15%
Some College35,90425.26%
Associates Degree12,9989.15%
Bachelors Degree25,22617.75%
Graduate Degree13,9659.83%

Tacoma Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White93,59086,40829,661
Black14,44913,0302,441
Asian12,8289,4783,529
Hispanic11,9148,1621,836
Multiple Races6,9156,1371,657
Other Race4,6882,707336
Native American1,7351,492247
Islander1,5871,37696

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.33%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 31.69%.

Tacoma Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$39,160$43,125$33,911
Less Than High School$25,604$28,885$21,863
High School Grad$31,317$35,843$25,925
Some College$36,206$41,546$30,892
Bachelors Degree$51,268$57,707$46,270
Graduate Degree$66,531$75,259$62,325

$39,160

Average Earnings

$43,125

Average Male

$33,911

Average Female

Tacoma Language

Tacoma Language by Age

Tacoma Language

81.02% of Tacoma residents speak only English, while 18.98% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Asian, which is spoken by 7.55% of the population.

Tacoma Poverty

Tacoma Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White121,85216,26113.34%
Hispanic23,6685,64523.85%
Black20,1204,51522.44%
Multiple17,2113,81922.19%
Asian18,0073,70620.58%
Other8,7851,76620.10%
Native2,56453820.98%
Islander2,64647017.76%

16.99%

Overall Poverty Rate

15.44%

Male Poverty Rate

18.52%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Tacoma

The race most likely to be in poverty in Tacoma is Hispanic, with 23.85% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Tacoma is White, with 13.34% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.40%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.78%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.43%.

Tacoma Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.60%
High School17.35%
Some College14.08%
Bachelors or Greater5.91%

Tacoma Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed45.25%
Male Unemployed31.68%
Female Employed8.45%
Male Employed6.43%

Tacoma Income

Tacoma Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$55,506$70,533
Families$68,820$84,018
Married Families$83,295$99,024
Non Families$37,114$48,988

Tacoma Marital Status

Tacoma Marital Status

Marriage Rates

41.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.7%

Male Marriage Rate

39.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Tacoma Married by Age and Sex

Tacoma Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Tacoma Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Tacoma Veterans

Tacoma Veterans by War

18,957

Number of Veterans

16,905

Male Veterans

2,052

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam5,786
Second Gulf War4,904
First Gulf War4,550
Korea1,179
World War II563

Tacoma Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 545,295
55 to 644,353
65 to 743,538
18 to 342,999
75+2,772

Tacoma Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White13,82412.36%
Black2,99218.54%
Hispanic1,0606.95%
Asian6824.62%
2 or More6487.42%
Other5308.82%
Indian1598.07%
Hawaiian1226.51%

Tacoma Veterans by Education

9.90%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.27%

Veteran Disability Rate

Tacoma Employment Status

Tacoma Employment by Age

63.7%

Labor Force Participation

58.5%

Employment Rate

6.7%

Unemployment Rate

Tacoma Employment by Race

Tacoma Employment by Education

Tacoma Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

50.92%

Born in Washington

87.16%

Native Born

12.84%

Foreign Born

6.06%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

87.16% of Tacoma residents were born in the United States, with 50.92% having been born in Washington. 6.06% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.