Tampa, Florida Population 2018

Tampa is located on the west coast of Florida near the Gulf of Mexico on Tampa Bay. The population of Tampa is estimated at 350,000 in 2014, which makes it the 53rd largest city in the United States.

Tampa's population is estimated at 350,000, up from 346,000 in 2011. Tampa is part of a large metropolitan area called the Tampa Bay Area (2.8 million population), and the city is also part of the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater Metropolitan statistical area. This is the fourth largest metro area in the Southeastern U.S. after Miami, Washington, D.C. and Atlanta. The Greater Tampa Bay area has more than 4.3 million people and is projected to hit 4.56 million by 2017.

The city proper has a population density of 2,970 people per square mile (1,147/sq km).

Tampa Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial and ethnic breakdown of Tampa was:

  • White: 62.9% (non-Hispanic: 46.3%)
  • Black or African American: 26.2%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 23.1%
  • Asian: 3.4%
  • Native American or Native Alaskan: 0.4%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Two or more races: 3.2%
  • Other race: 3.8%

The most common European ancestry groups include German (9.2%), Irish (8.4%), English (7.7%), Italian (5.6%) and French (2.4%). Tampa is home to a large gay population and culture known as the GaYbor District.

Tampa History

The area of Tampa was originally inhabited by indigenous people of the Safety Harbor culture, including the Tocobaga and the Pohoy. While the region was explored briefly by the Spanish at the beginning of the 16th century, it was quickly abandoned when it became clear that the only resources were fish and shellfish. The local inhabitants repelled any attempt by the Spanish to convert them to Catholicism or create a settlement, and archaeological evidence reveals a total collapse of native cultures in the region after European contact, likely from infectious disease from the Europeans. Tampa was depopulated for over 200 years.

There were no permanent European or American settlements in the city limits under after the U.S. acquired Florida from Spain in 1819. During the Civil War, Florida seceded from the Union and martial law was declared in Tampa in 1862. At the end of the war in 1865, Tampa's fort was occupied as part of Reconstruction. This was a hard period for Tampa, with a population of less than 800 in 1870. It was in the 1880's that the city took a turn for the better. Phosphate was discovered, then the railroad arrived to boost development in the region. By 1900, Tampa became one of the largest cities in the state.

A number of Spanish and Cuban cigar workers moved to the city to work in cigar factories, with over 10,000 immigrants arriving in the city of 5,000 by 1900. The city then became a resort destination for celebrities. During Prohibition, several organized crime factions developed in Tampa, which remained powerful through the 1950s. Tampa saw record-setting population growth during the 1950's and 60's, which has since dwindled, but the population continues to grow. 
## Tampa Population Growth By 2015, the state of Florida may surpass New York as the third most populous state in the country. There are two areas that have become the focus of growth through 2060: the Tampa Bay area through Orlando to the Atlantic and the Tampa Bay area to Jacksonville. The new population growth in Tampa is expected to make the city younger and more urban. Tampa's growth is due not only to a higher number of births over deaths -- which has caused 30% of the growth between 2010 and 2014 -- but also high net migration, which has added 70% of the new population.

The Tampa region is currently growing at about 2% per year, outpacing the national average of 1.5% per year.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017385,4309,3832.50%
2016376,0478,3792.28%
2015367,6688,7092.43%
2014358,9596,5721.86%
2013352,3873,8671.11%
2012348,5202,0250.58%
2011346,4959,7292.89%
2010336,76633,31910.98%
2000303,44723,4328.37%
1990280,0158,4383.11%
1980271,577-6,137-2.21%
1970277,7142,7441.00%
1960274,970150,289120.54%
1950124,68116,29015.03%
1940108,3917,2307.15%
1930101,16149,55396.02%
192051,60813,82636.59%
191037,78221,943138.54%
190015,83910,307186.32%
18905,5324,832690.29%
1880700-100-12.50%
18708000.00%

Tampa Population in 2018Source: By D'Arcy Norman (https://www.flickr.com/photos/dnorman/3087161485/) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White236,422
Black or African American87,737
Asian14,369
Two or More Races11,267
Some Other Race10,283
American Indian and Alaska Native1,177
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander222

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Tampa Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Tampa Median Age

35.1


Total

34.7


Male

35.4


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 300,635 adults in Tampa.

Tampa Age Dependency

51

Age Dependency Ratio

17.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Tampa Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.9
Houses Without Mortgage
23,043
Houses With Mortgage
46,953
Vacancy Rate
11.2
Median Rent
983
Median Home Value
172,100
Renter-Occupied Units
74,743
Owner-Occupied Units
69,996
Total Housing Units
162,903

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Tampa for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6.2% and the labor force participation rate is 65.1%.

Tampa Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.42
Average Family Size
3.25
Total Households
144739
Married Couple Households
48478
Male Householder (no wife) Families
7401
Female Householder (no husband) Families
22605
Non Family Households
66255
Total Families
78484
Households With Own Children
35561
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
6.8
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.9

Tampa Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
14,795
$10,000 to $14,999
9,990
$15,000 to $24,999
17,596
$25,000 to $34,999
15,534
$35,000 to $49,999
18,838
$50,000 to $74,999
22,310
$75,000 to $99,999
13,534
$100,000 to $149,999
15,576
$150,000 to $199,999
6,615
Over $200,000
9,951

Tampa Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Tampa

Florida

$45,874

$48,900

$75,963

$69,936

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Tampa Education Data

Tampa Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
12,2605.10%
9th to 12th Grade
19,0157.91%
High School Graduate
62,40225.95%
Some College
41,47817.25%
Associates Degree
19,8768.26%
Bachelors Degree
51,70421.50%
Graduate Degree
33,75314.04%