Tampa, Florida Population 2018

Tampa is located on the west coast of Florida near the Gulf of Mexico on Tampa Bay. The population of Tampa is estimated at 350,000 in 2014, which makes it the 53rd largest city in the United States.

Tampa's population is estimated at 350,000, up from 346,000 in 2011. Tampa is part of a large metropolitan area called the Tampa Bay Area (2.8 million population), and the city is also part of the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater Metropolitan statistical area. This is the fourth largest metro area in the Southeastern U.S. after Miami, Washington, D.C. and Atlanta. The Greater Tampa Bay area has more than 4.3 million people and is projected to hit 4.56 million by 2017.

The city proper has a population density of 2,970 people per square mile (1,147/sq km).

Tampa Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the racial and ethnic breakdown of Tampa was:

  • White: 62.9% (non-Hispanic: 46.3%)
  • Black or African American: 26.2%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 23.1%
  • Asian: 3.4%
  • Native American or Native Alaskan: 0.4%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Two or more races: 3.2%
  • Other race: 3.8%

The most common European ancestry groups include German (9.2%), Irish (8.4%), English (7.7%), Italian (5.6%) and French (2.4%). Tampa is home to a large gay population and culture known as the GaYbor District.

Tampa History

The area of Tampa was originally inhabited by indigenous people of the Safety Harbor culture, including the Tocobaga and the Pohoy. While the region was explored briefly by the Spanish at the beginning of the 16th century, it was quickly abandoned when it became clear that the only resources were fish and shellfish. The local inhabitants repelled any attempt by the Spanish to convert them to Catholicism or create a settlement, and archaeological evidence reveals a total collapse of native cultures in the region after European contact, likely from infectious disease from the Europeans. Tampa was depopulated for over 200 years.

There were no permanent European or American settlements in the city limits under after the U.S. acquired Florida from Spain in 1819. During the Civil War, Florida seceded from the Union and martial law was declared in Tampa in 1862. At the end of the war in 1865, Tampa's fort was occupied as part of Reconstruction. This was a hard period for Tampa, with a population of less than 800 in 1870. It was in the 1880's that the city took a turn for the better. Phosphate was discovered, then the railroad arrived to boost development in the region. By 1900, Tampa became one of the largest cities in the state.

A number of Spanish and Cuban cigar workers moved to the city to work in cigar factories, with over 10,000 immigrants arriving in the city of 5,000 by 1900. The city then became a resort destination for celebrities. During Prohibition, several organized crime factions developed in Tampa, which remained powerful through the 1950s. Tampa saw record-setting population growth during the 1950's and 60's, which has since dwindled, but the population continues to grow. 
## Tampa Population Growth By 2015, the state of Florida may surpass New York as the third most populous state in the country. There are two areas that have become the focus of growth through 2060: the Tampa Bay area through Orlando to the Atlantic and the Tampa Bay area to Jacksonville. The new population growth in Tampa is expected to make the city younger and more urban. Tampa's growth is due not only to a higher number of births over deaths -- which has caused 30% of the growth between 2010 and 2014 -- but also high net migration, which has added 70% of the new population.

The Tampa region is currently growing at about 2% per year, outpacing the national average of 1.5% per year.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017385,4309,3832.50%
2016376,0478,3792.28%
2015367,6688,7092.43%
2014358,9596,5721.86%
2013352,3873,8671.11%
2012348,5202,0250.58%
2011346,4959,7292.89%
2010336,76633,3191.05%
2000303,44723,4320.81%
1990280,0158,4380.31%
1980271,577-6,137-0.22%
1970277,7142,7440.10%
1960274,970150,2898.23%
1950124,68116,2901.41%
1940108,3917,2300.69%
1930101,16149,5536.96%
192051,60813,8263.17%
191037,78221,9439.08%
190015,83910,30711.09%
18905,5324,83222.96%
1880700-100-1.33%
18708000.00%

Tampa Population in 2018Source: By D'Arcy Norman (https://www.flickr.com/photos/dnorman/3087161485/) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White236,422
Black or African American87,737
Asian14,369
Two or More Races11,267
Some Other Race10,283
American Indian and Alaska Native1,177
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander222

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Tampa Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Tampa Median Age

35.1


Total

34.7


Male

35.4


Female

Tampa Adults

There are 281,952 adults, (42,654 of which are seniors) in Tampa.

Tampa Age Dependency

51

Age Dependency Ratio

17.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Tampa Sex Ratio

Female

186,871

51.70%

Male

174,606

48.30%

Tampa Households and Families

Tampa Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Tampa Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.2%29.8%
All48.4%51.6%
Male46.5%53.5%
Female36.7%63.3%
Non Family36.6%63.4%

48.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Tampa Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All144,7392.4248.4
Non Family66,2551.336.6
Married48,4783.2370.2
Female22,6053.6536.7
Male7,4013.2846.5

3.25

Average Family Size

2.42

Average Household Size

6.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.9%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Tampa Households

Tampa Education

Tampa Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade12,2605.10%
9th to 12th Grade19,0157.91%
High School Graduate62,40225.95%
Some College41,47817.25%
Associates Degree19,8768.26%
Bachelors Degree51,70421.50%
Graduate Degree33,75314.04%

Tampa Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White121,230114,23359,246
Hispanic55,02741,84411,094
Black52,03442,2628,055
Asian10,1488,8186,153
Other Race6,1984,6871,211
Multiple Races4,8854,2021,348
Native American72966984
Islander15915915

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 60.63%.

Tampa Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,859$41,162$31,437
Less Than High School$19,324$20,608$17,387
High School Grad$24,764$26,955$21,930
Some College$31,495$35,905$28,982
Bachelors Degree$50,087$61,337$41,303
Graduate Degree$72,388$95,892$55,205

$35,859

Average Earnings

$41,162

Average Male

$31,437

Average Female

Tampa Language

Tampa Language by Age

Tampa Language

73.80% of Tampa residents speak only English, while 26.20% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 18.95% of the population.

Tampa Poverty

Tampa Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black86,20731,88436.99%
Hispanic85,93723,32127.14%
White159,50317,56911.01%
Other10,0342,79427.85%
Multiple10,7612,54523.65%
Asian13,9991,65111.79%
Native1,16318916.25%
Islander2132813.15%

21.21%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.84%

Male Poverty Rate

22.50%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Tampa

The race most likely to be in poverty in Tampa is Black, with 36.99% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Tampa is White, with 11.01% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.71%. Among those working part-time, it was 26.24%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.91%.

Tampa Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School36.19%
High School22.53%
Some College15.70%
Bachelors or Greater5.84%

Tampa Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed49.05%
Male Unemployed43.56%
Female Employed10.53%
Male Employed8.02%

Tampa Income

Tampa Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$45,874$75,963
Families$57,745$93,397
Married Families$84,696$120,245
Non Families$33,618$53,230

Tampa Marital Status

Tampa Marital Status

Marriage Rates

36.5%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.7%

Male Marriage Rate

34.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Tampa Married by Age and Sex

Tampa Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Tampa Marital Status by Race

Tampa Veterans

Tampa Veterans by War

21,280

Number of Veterans

18,419

Male Veterans

2,861

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam6,650
First Gulf War5,082
Second Gulf War4,900
Korea1,585
World War II954

Tampa Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 546,674
65 to 744,351
55 to 644,156
75+3,596
18 to 342,503

Tampa Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White15,7428.19%
Black4,4657.23%
Hispanic2,8834.41%
2 or More4717.16%
Other3664.98%
Asian1981.76%
Indian283.15%
Hawaiian105.95%

Tampa Veterans by Education

11.43%

Veteran Poverty Rate

26.53%

Veteran Disability Rate

Tampa Employment Status

Tampa Employment by Age

65.1%

Labor Force Participation

58.3%

Employment Rate

9.6%

Unemployment Rate

Tampa Employment by Race

Tampa Employment by Education

Tampa Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

42.75%

Born in Florida

84.41%

Native Born

15.59%

Foreign Born

8.25%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

84.41% of Tampa residents were born in the United States, with 42.75% having been born in Florida. 8.25% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.