Toledo, Ohio Population 2018

Toledo is a city located in the state of Ohio. It serves as the county seat of Lucas County. The city has grown rapidly over the years, with recent estimates putting the population at 278,508 people. This makes it the 72nd most populous city in the nation. It is also the fourth most populous city in Ohio. The city’s economy has long revolved around the manufacturing of glass, which has led to the nickname “The Glass City.”

Toledo History

The area now known as Toledo was first inhabited by many groups of indigenous people. The area was controlled by the Wyandot tribe and the Council of Three Fires. The first European in the area with Etienne Brule, who arrived in what is now Toledo in 1615. Later in the 1600s, the French established trading posts and the fur trade thrived. However, Europeans did not settle the area until at least 1795.

Following the Northwest Indian War and the defeat at the Battle of Fallen Tempers, Indian tribes ceded parts of Ohio – including what is now Toledo – to the United States. European settlers continued to come to the area, however the War of 1812 drove many people away. A few years later, resettlement began again. In the 1820s, the Miami and Erie Canal was authorized for construction, later followed by the Wabash and Erie Canal extension. Towns wanted to be the ending terminus of the canal, and it was in 1833 that Port Lawrence and Vistula merged to become more competitive. The resulting region was called Toledo.

The newly-established Toledo was not chosen to be the location of the final terminus but was the location of a sidecut before the terminus. Toledo’s expansion was slow during its first 20 years of settlement. However, the city’s population did continue to grow and by the 1880s, its borders expanded.

As railroads began to replace canals, Toledo became a transportation hub and attracted other industries including furniture makers, breweries and glass manufacturers. The city’s population began growing even more with an influx of immigrants that were coming to the city to take on factory jobs. By the end of the 1800s, Toledo was thriving and was one of the largest cities in the state.

The population continued to grow throughout the 20th century, although it did face some setbacks during the Great Depression. However, WPA projects were designed to reemploy residents following the Great Depression and resulted in the expansion of the Toledo Museum of Art and the Toledo Zoo.

The city was once again plagued by economic problems and a depressed economy as industrial restructuring caused a slump in the manufacturing industry. By the 1980s, the city’s economy was again depressed. However, the 21st century brought about many redevelopment projects to draw in more residents. This includes Fifth Third Field and Huntington Center. While the city is working to improve, it still faces problems such as high crime rates.

Toledo Demographics

The most recent population estimates show that Toledo has a population of over 278,000 people. With a total area of over 84 square miles, Toledo has a population density of over 3,500 people per square mile.

Almost 65% of the city’s population is white, which has gradually decreased since 1940. Over one-quarter of the population is Black or African American. Other groups include Asians, which make up over 1% of the population, and Hispanic and Latinos, who make up over 7% of the population.

The largest age group residing in Toledo is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up over 26% of the population. Almost one-quarter of the population are between the ages of 45 and 64, and 24% are under the age of 18. Over 12% are over 64. The population is made up of 51.6% females and 48.4% males. About 17.9% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

The city has seen an uptick in violent crimes in the 21st century. In 2013, the city was ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the country. However, later that year, crime rates began to fall again.

Toledo Population Growth

During its early years, the city of Toledo saw substantial population growth. A population of just over 1,200 people in 1840 rose to over 30,000 in 1870. The population was well over 100,000 at the time of the 1900 census. In 1920, the city’s population was over 240,000. The city’s population rose to over 300,000 at 1950. The population peaked at over 380,000 in 1970 before declining at the next census and each one following that. Recent estimates show that the population has dropped by 3% since the last census taken in 2010. This shows that despite efforts to revitalize, the city of Toledo has a long way to go to increase its population.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017276,491-2,115-0.76%
2016278,606-1,007-0.36%
2015279,613-887-0.32%
2014280,500-1,606-0.57%
2013282,106-956-0.34%
2012283,062-2,241-0.79%
2011285,303-1,691-0.59%
2010286,994-26,625-0.88%
2000313,619-19,324-0.60%
1990332,943-21,692-0.63%
1980354,635-28,427-0.77%
1970383,06265,0591.88%
1960318,00314,3870.46%
1950303,61621,2670.73%
1940282,349-8,369-0.29%
1930290,71847,5541.80%
1920243,16474,6673.74%
1910168,49736,6752.49%
1900131,82250,3884.93%
189081,43431,2974.97%
188050,13718,5534.73%
187031,58417,8168.66%
186013,7689,93913.65%
18503,8292,62912.30%
18401,2000.00%

Toledo Population in 2018Source: By [https://www.flickr.com/Permission= ([http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0) or CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White176,267
Black or African American76,138
Two or More Races14,261
Some Other Race7,668
Asian4,209
American Indian and Alaska Native852
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander60

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Toledo Population Pyramid 2018

2,0004,0006,0008,00010,00012,000 Male Population2,0004,0006,0008,00010,00012,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Toledo Median Age

35.2


Total

33.7


Male

36.7


Female

Toledo Adults

There are 213,952 adults, (38,238 of whom are seniors) in Toledo.

Toledo Age Dependency

59

Age Dependency Ratio

21.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Toledo Sex Ratio

Female

144,529

51.72%

Male

134,926

48.28%

Toledo Households and Families

Toledo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Toledo Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.7%23.3%
All51.9%48.1%
Male47.1%52.9%
Non Family42.9%57.1%
Female35.2%64.8%

51.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Toledo Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All118,2152.351.9
Non Family52,9501.2442.9
Married35,6543.1376.7
Female22,2153.2635.2
Male7,3963.0547.1

3.04

Average Family Size

2.3

Average Household Size

7.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Toledo Households

Toledo Education

Toledo Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,9083.22%
9th to 12th Grade21,21011.58%
High School Graduate59,79832.64%
Some College44,87224.49%
Associates Degree17,5519.58%
Bachelors Degree21,93511.97%
Graduate Degree11,9286.51%

Toledo Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White120,914106,65326,312
Black45,78536,7804,706
Hispanic11,0638,0181,024
Other Race4,4293,063286
Multiple Races3,9123,086618
Asian2,5482,1471,205
Native American56442982
Islander513321

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 88.21%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 47.29%.

Toledo Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$30,283$33,754$26,443
Less Than High School$18,212$21,523$12,708
High School Grad$26,808$30,730$22,103
Some College$29,149$35,267$25,109
Bachelors Degree$42,193$48,544$39,652
Graduate Degree$50,664$53,776$48,150

$30,283

Average Earnings

$33,754

Average Male

$26,443

Average Female

Toledo Language

Toledo Language by Age

Toledo Language

92.85% of Toledo residents speak only English, while 7.15% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.17% of the population.

Toledo Poverty

Toledo Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White162,12830,38418.74%
Black73,92428,46438.50%
Hispanic22,5397,58633.66%
Multiple13,6706,01443.99%
Other7,5412,73036.20%
Asian4,0761,35633.27%
Native82333140.22%
Islander602541.67%

26.46%

Overall Poverty Rate

25.61%

Male Poverty Rate

27.25%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Toledo

The race most likely to be in poverty in Toledo is Multiple, with 43.99% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Toledo is White, with 18.74% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.08%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.54%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 35.32%.

Toledo Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School40.95%
High School20.84%
Some College17.76%
Bachelors or Greater9.78%

Toledo Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed56.28%
Male Unemployed43.56%
Female Employed15.39%
Male Employed10.83%

Toledo Income

Toledo Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$35,808$48,634
Families$45,902$57,988
Married Families$65,664$77,444
Non Families$24,905$34,499

Toledo Marital Status

Toledo Marital Status

Marriage Rates

34.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

36.4%

Male Marriage Rate

32.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Toledo Married by Age and Sex

Toledo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Toledo Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Toledo Veterans

Toledo Veterans by War

15,504

Number of Veterans

14,160

Male Veterans

1,344

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam5,438
First Gulf War2,550
Second Gulf War2,015
Korea1,535
World War II843

Toledo Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 543,984
65 to 743,693
75+3,639
55 to 642,921
18 to 341,267

Toledo Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White11,2377.85%
Black3,6516.64%
Hispanic5523.93%
2 or More2914.60%
Asian1203.60%
Other1001.87%
Indian10015.31%
Hawaiian58.77%

Toledo Veterans by Education

11.20%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.05%

Veteran Disability Rate

Toledo Employment Status

Toledo Employment by Age

61.5%

Labor Force Participation

54.8%

Employment Rate

10.8%

Unemployment Rate

Toledo Employment by Race

Toledo Employment by Education

Toledo Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

77.19%

Born in Ohio

96.25%

Native Born

3.75%

Foreign Born

2.10%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

96.25% of Toledo residents were born in the United States, with 77.19% having been born in Ohio. 2.10% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.