Toledo, Ohio Population 2018

Toledo is a city located in the state of Ohio. It serves as the county seat of Lucas County. The city has grown rapidly over the years, with recent estimates putting the population at 278,508 people. This makes it the 72nd most populous city in the nation. It is also the fourth most populous city in Ohio. The city’s economy has long revolved around the manufacturing of glass, which has led to the nickname “The Glass City.”

Toledo History

The area now known as Toledo was first inhabited by many groups of indigenous people. The area was controlled by the Wyandot tribe and the Council of Three Fires. The first European in the area with Etienne Brule, who arrived in what is now Toledo in 1615. Later in the 1600s, the French established trading posts and the fur trade thrived. However, Europeans did not settle the area until at least 1795.

Following the Northwest Indian War and the defeat at the Battle of Fallen Tempers, Indian tribes ceded parts of Ohio – including what is now Toledo – to the United States. European settlers continued to come to the area, however the War of 1812 drove many people away. A few years later, resettlement began again. In the 1820s, the Miami and Erie Canal was authorized for construction, later followed by the Wabash and Erie Canal extension. Towns wanted to be the ending terminus of the canal, and it was in 1833 that Port Lawrence and Vistula merged to become more competitive. The resulting region was called Toledo.

The newly-established Toledo was not chosen to be the location of the final terminus but was the location of a sidecut before the terminus. Toledo’s expansion was slow during its first 20 years of settlement. However, the city’s population did continue to grow and by the 1880s, its borders expanded.

As railroads began to replace canals, Toledo became a transportation hub and attracted other industries including furniture makers, breweries and glass manufacturers. The city’s population began growing even more with an influx of immigrants that were coming to the city to take on factory jobs. By the end of the 1800s, Toledo was thriving and was one of the largest cities in the state.

The population continued to grow throughout the 20th century, although it did face some setbacks during the Great Depression. However, WPA projects were designed to reemploy residents following the Great Depression and resulted in the expansion of the Toledo Museum of Art and the Toledo Zoo.

The city was once again plagued by economic problems and a depressed economy as industrial restructuring caused a slump in the manufacturing industry. By the 1980s, the city’s economy was again depressed. However, the 21st century brought about many redevelopment projects to draw in more residents. This includes Fifth Third Field and Huntington Center. While the city is working to improve, it still faces problems such as high crime rates.

Toledo Demographics

The most recent population estimates show that Toledo has a population of over 278,000 people. With a total area of over 84 square miles, Toledo has a population density of over 3,500 people per square mile.

Almost 65% of the city’s population is white, which has gradually decreased since 1940. Over one-quarter of the population is Black or African American. Other groups include Asians, which make up over 1% of the population, and Hispanic and Latinos, who make up over 7% of the population.

The largest age group residing in Toledo is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up over 26% of the population. Almost one-quarter of the population are between the ages of 45 and 64, and 24% are under the age of 18. Over 12% are over 64. The population is made up of 51.6% females and 48.4% males. About 17.9% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

The city has seen an uptick in violent crimes in the 21st century. In 2013, the city was ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the country. However, later that year, crime rates began to fall again.

Toledo Population Growth

During its early years, the city of Toledo saw substantial population growth. A population of just over 1,200 people in 1840 rose to over 30,000 in 1870. The population was well over 100,000 at the time of the 1900 census. In 1920, the city’s population was over 240,000. The city’s population rose to over 300,000 at 1950. The population peaked at over 380,000 in 1970 before declining at the next census and each one following that. Recent estimates show that the population has dropped by 3% since the last census taken in 2010. This shows that despite efforts to revitalize, the city of Toledo has a long way to go to increase its population.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017276,491-2,115-0.76%
2016278,606-1,007-0.36%
2015279,613-887-0.32%
2014280,500-1,606-0.57%
2013282,106-956-0.34%
2012283,062-2,241-0.79%
2011285,303-1,691-0.59%
2010286,994-26,625-8.49%
2000313,619-19,324-5.80%
1990332,943-21,692-6.12%
1980354,635-28,427-7.42%
1970383,06265,05920.46%
1960318,00314,3874.74%
1950303,61621,2677.53%
1940282,349-8,369-2.88%
1930290,71847,55419.56%
1920243,16474,66744.31%
1910168,49736,67527.82%
1900131,82250,38861.88%
189081,43431,29762.42%
188050,13718,55358.74%
187031,58417,816129.40%
186013,7689,939259.57%
18503,8292,629219.08%
18401,2000.00%

Toledo Population in 2018Source: By [https://www.flickr.com/Permission= ([http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0) or CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White178,438
Black or African American76,314
Two or More Races13,870
Some Other Race7,463
Asian3,821
American Indian and Alaska Native907
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander41

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Toledo Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Toledo Median Age

35.3


Total

33.7


Male

37


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 212,069 adults in Toledo.

Toledo Age Dependency

58

Age Dependency Ratio

21.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Toledo Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.5
Houses Without Mortgage
23,767
Houses With Mortgage
38,207
Vacancy Rate
14.5
Median Rent
651
Median Home Value
77,800
Renter-Occupied Units
56,477
Owner-Occupied Units
61,974
Total Housing Units
138,573

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Toledo for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 7.4% and the labor force participation rate is 61.9%.

Toledo Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.31
Average Family Size
3.07
Total Households
118451
Married Couple Households
36029
Male Householder (no wife) Families
6920
Female Householder (no husband) Families
21786
Non Family Households
53716
Total Families
64735
Households With Own Children
30230
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.7
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.4

Toledo Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
16,898
$10,000 to $14,999
10,193
$15,000 to $24,999
17,580
$25,000 to $34,999
15,111
$35,000 to $49,999
17,394
$50,000 to $74,999
19,299
$75,000 to $99,999
10,951
$100,000 to $149,999
8,192
$150,000 to $199,999
1,598
Over $200,000
1,235

Toledo Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Toledo

Ohio

$34,548

$50,674

$46,477

$68,341

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Toledo Education Data

Toledo Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
6,1793.36%
9th to 12th Grade
20,16410.97%
High School Graduate
60,51032.92%
Some College
46,04325.05%
Associates Degree
17,7269.64%
Bachelors Degree
21,41311.65%
Graduate Degree
11,7586.40%