Toledo Population 2018

Toledo is a city located in the state of Ohio. It serves as the county seat of Lucas County. The city has grown rapidly over the years, with recent estimates putting the population at 278,508 people. This makes it the 72nd most populous city in the nation. It is also the fourth most populous city in Ohio. The city’s economy has long revolved around the manufacturing of glass, which has led to the nickname “The Glass City.”

Toledo History

The area now known as Toledo was first inhabited by many groups of indigenous people. The area was controlled by the Wyandot tribe and the Council of Three Fires. The first European in the area with Etienne Brule, who arrived in what is now Toledo in 1615. Later in the 1600s, the French established trading posts and the fur trade thrived. However, Europeans did not settle the area until at least 1795.

Following the Northwest Indian War and the defeat at the Battle of Fallen Tempers, Indian tribes ceded parts of Ohio – including what is now Toledo – to the United States. European settlers continued to come to the area, however the War of 1812 drove many people away. A few years later, resettlement began again. In the 1820s, the Miami and Erie Canal was authorized for construction, later followed by the Wabash and Erie Canal extension. Towns wanted to be the ending terminus of the canal, and it was in 1833 that Port Lawrence and Vistula merged to become more competitive. The resulting region was called Toledo.

The newly-established Toledo was not chosen to be the location of the final terminus but was the location of a sidecut before the terminus. Toledo’s expansion was slow during its first 20 years of settlement. However, the city’s population did continue to grow and by the 1880s, its borders expanded.

As railroads began to replace canals, Toledo became a transportation hub and attracted other industries including furniture makers, breweries and glass manufacturers. The city’s population began growing even more with an influx of immigrants that were coming to the city to take on factory jobs. By the end of the 1800s, Toledo was thriving and was one of the largest cities in the state.

The population continued to grow throughout the 20th century, although it did face some setbacks during the Great Depression. However, WPA projects were designed to reemploy residents following the Great Depression and resulted in the expansion of the Toledo Museum of Art and the Toledo Zoo.

The city was once again plagued by economic problems and a depressed economy as industrial restructuring caused a slump in the manufacturing industry. By the 1980s, the city’s economy was again depressed. However, the 21st century brought about many redevelopment projects to draw in more residents. This includes Fifth Third Field and Huntington Center. While the city is working to improve, it still faces problems such as high crime rates.

Toledo Demographics

The most recent population estimates show that Toledo has a population of over 278,000 people. With a total area of over 84 square miles, Toledo has a population density of over 3,500 people per square mile.

Almost 65% of the city’s population is white, which has gradually decreased since 1940. Over one-quarter of the population is Black or African American. Other groups include Asians, which make up over 1% of the population, and Hispanic and Latinos, who make up over 7% of the population.

The largest age group residing in Toledo is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up over 26% of the population. Almost one-quarter of the population are between the ages of 45 and 64, and 24% are under the age of 18. Over 12% are over 64. The population is made up of 51.6% females and 48.4% males. About 17.9% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

The city has seen an uptick in violent crimes in the 21st century. In 2013, the city was ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the country. However, later that year, crime rates began to fall again.

Toledo Population Growth

During its early years, the city of Toledo saw substantial population growth. A population of just over 1,200 people in 1840 rose to over 30,000 in 1870. The population was well over 100,000 at the time of the 1900 census. In 1920, the city’s population was over 240,000. The city’s population rose to over 300,000 at 1950. The population peaked at over 380,000 in 1970 before declining at the next census and each one following that. Recent estimates show that the population has dropped by 3% since the last census taken in 2010. This shows that despite efforts to revitalize, the city of Toledo has a long way to go to increase its population.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate

Toledo Race Data

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American75,38427.07%
Two or More Races14,1625.08%
Some Other Race7,1092.55%
American Indian and Alaska Native8990.32%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander750.03%

Population Pyramid

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population8580757065605550454035302520151050

Toledo Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
Houses Without Mortgage
Houses With Mortgage
Vacancy Rate
Median Rent
Median Home Value
Renter-Occupied Units
Owner-Occupied Units
Total Housing Units

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Toledo for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 8.5% and the labor force participation rate is 61.9%.

Toledo Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
Non Family Households
Female Householder (no husband) Families
Male Householder (no wife) Families
Married Couple Families
Average Family Size
Average Household Size