Toledo, Ohio Population 2018

Toledo is a city located in the state of Ohio. It serves as the county seat of Lucas County. The city has grown rapidly over the years, with recent estimates putting the population at 278,508 people. This makes it the 72nd most populous city in the nation. It is also the fourth most populous city in Ohio. The city’s economy has long revolved around the manufacturing of glass, which has led to the nickname “The Glass City.”

Toledo History

The area now known as Toledo was first inhabited by many groups of indigenous people. The area was controlled by the Wyandot tribe and the Council of Three Fires. The first European in the area with Etienne Brule, who arrived in what is now Toledo in 1615. Later in the 1600s, the French established trading posts and the fur trade thrived. However, Europeans did not settle the area until at least 1795.

Following the Northwest Indian War and the defeat at the Battle of Fallen Tempers, Indian tribes ceded parts of Ohio – including what is now Toledo – to the United States. European settlers continued to come to the area, however the War of 1812 drove many people away. A few years later, resettlement began again. In the 1820s, the Miami and Erie Canal was authorized for construction, later followed by the Wabash and Erie Canal extension. Towns wanted to be the ending terminus of the canal, and it was in 1833 that Port Lawrence and Vistula merged to become more competitive. The resulting region was called Toledo.

The newly-established Toledo was not chosen to be the location of the final terminus but was the location of a sidecut before the terminus. Toledo’s expansion was slow during its first 20 years of settlement. However, the city’s population did continue to grow and by the 1880s, its borders expanded.

As railroads began to replace canals, Toledo became a transportation hub and attracted other industries including furniture makers, breweries and glass manufacturers. The city’s population began growing even more with an influx of immigrants that were coming to the city to take on factory jobs. By the end of the 1800s, Toledo was thriving and was one of the largest cities in the state.

The population continued to grow throughout the 20th century, although it did face some setbacks during the Great Depression. However, WPA projects were designed to reemploy residents following the Great Depression and resulted in the expansion of the Toledo Museum of Art and the Toledo Zoo.

The city was once again plagued by economic problems and a depressed economy as industrial restructuring caused a slump in the manufacturing industry. By the 1980s, the city’s economy was again depressed. However, the 21st century brought about many redevelopment projects to draw in more residents. This includes Fifth Third Field and Huntington Center. While the city is working to improve, it still faces problems such as high crime rates.

Toledo Demographics

The most recent population estimates show that Toledo has a population of over 278,000 people. With a total area of over 84 square miles, Toledo has a population density of over 3,500 people per square mile.

Almost 65% of the city’s population is white, which has gradually decreased since 1940. Over one-quarter of the population is Black or African American. Other groups include Asians, which make up over 1% of the population, and Hispanic and Latinos, who make up over 7% of the population.

The largest age group residing in Toledo is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up over 26% of the population. Almost one-quarter of the population are between the ages of 45 and 64, and 24% are under the age of 18. Over 12% are over 64. The population is made up of 51.6% females and 48.4% males. About 17.9% of the population lives below the federal poverty line.

The city has seen an uptick in violent crimes in the 21st century. In 2013, the city was ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the country. However, later that year, crime rates began to fall again.

Toledo Population Growth

During its early years, the city of Toledo saw substantial population growth. A population of just over 1,200 people in 1840 rose to over 30,000 in 1870. The population was well over 100,000 at the time of the 1900 census. In 1920, the city’s population was over 240,000. The city’s population rose to over 300,000 at 1950. The population peaked at over 380,000 in 1970 before declining at the next census and each one following that. Recent estimates show that the population has dropped by 3% since the last census taken in 2010. This shows that despite efforts to revitalize, the city of Toledo has a long way to go to increase its population.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017276,491-2,115-0.76%
2016278,606-1,007-0.36%
2015279,613-887-0.32%
2014280,500-1,606-0.57%
2013282,106-956-0.34%
2012283,062-2,241-0.79%
2011285,303-1,691-0.59%
2010286,994-26,625-0.88%
2000313,619-19,324-0.60%
1990332,943-21,692-0.63%
1980354,635-28,427-0.77%
1970383,06265,0591.88%
1960318,00314,3870.46%
1950303,61621,2670.73%
1940282,349-8,369-0.29%
1930290,71847,5541.80%
1920243,16474,6673.74%
1910168,49736,6752.49%
1900131,82250,3884.93%
189081,43431,2974.97%
188050,13718,5534.73%
187031,58417,8168.66%
186013,7689,93913.65%
18503,8292,62912.30%
18401,2000.00%

Toledo Population in 2018Source: By [https://www.flickr.com/Permission= ([http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0) or CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White178,438
Black or African American76,314
Two or More Races13,870
Some Other Race7,463
Asian3,821
American Indian and Alaska Native907
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander41

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Toledo Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Toledo Median Age

35.3


Total

33.7


Male

37


Female

Toledo Adults

There are 215,415 adults, (37,634 of which are seniors) in Toledo.

Toledo Age Dependency

58

Age Dependency Ratio

21.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Toledo Sex Ratio

Female

144,511

51.45%

Male

136,343

48.55%

Toledo Households and Families

Toledo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Toledo Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married76.9%23.1%
All52.3%47.7%
Male46.9%53.1%
Non Family42.7%57.3%
Female37.1%62.9%

52.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Toledo Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All118,4512.3152.3
Non Family53,7161.2542.7
Married36,0293.1376.9
Female21,7863.2837.1
Male6,9203.1646.9

3.07

Average Family Size

2.31

Average Household Size

7.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Toledo Households

Toledo Education

Toledo Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade6,1793.36%
9th to 12th Grade20,16410.97%
High School Graduate60,51032.92%
Some College46,04325.05%
Associates Degree17,7269.64%
Bachelors Degree21,41311.65%
Graduate Degree11,7586.40%

Toledo Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White122,276108,34525,539
Black45,30136,5874,945
Hispanic11,0468,0731,105
Other Race4,4603,005333
Multiple Races3,7673,130537
Asian2,3421,9971,062
Native American645535109
Islander343422

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 64.71%.

Toledo Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$29,347$32,332$25,795
Less Than High School$17,986$20,979$13,204
High School Grad$25,951$30,002$21,531
Some College$27,503$33,514$24,073
Bachelors Degree$41,436$45,484$39,728
Graduate Degree$48,354$52,343$44,148

$29,347

Average Earnings

$32,332

Average Male

$25,795

Average Female

Toledo Language

Toledo Language by Age

Toledo Language

93.09% of Toledo residents speak only English, while 6.91% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.41% of the population.

Toledo Poverty

Toledo Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White164,48031,74419.30%
Black73,90430,55741.35%
Hispanic22,5277,73834.35%
Multiple13,3066,14046.14%
Other7,2442,82739.03%
Asian3,6791,25834.19%
Native88737742.50%
Islander4149.76%

27.53%

Overall Poverty Rate

26.63%

Male Poverty Rate

28.37%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Toledo

The race most likely to be in poverty in Toledo is Multiple, with 46.14% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Toledo is Islander, with 9.76% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.12%. Among those working part-time, it was 32.05%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.41%.

Toledo Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School42.30%
High School21.30%
Some College18.11%
Bachelors or Greater8.82%

Toledo Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed58.33%
Male Unemployed44.23%
Female Employed15.41%
Male Employed11.07%

Toledo Income

Toledo Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$34,548$46,477
Families$45,201$55,750
Married Families$63,186$73,569
Non Families$24,184$32,972

Toledo Marital Status

Toledo Marital Status

Marriage Rates

34.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

36.2%

Male Marriage Rate

32.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Toledo Married by Age and Sex

Toledo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55To64.

Toledo Marital Status by Race

Toledo Veterans

Toledo Veterans by War

16,213

Number of Veterans

14,911

Male Veterans

1,302

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam5,484
First Gulf War2,582
Second Gulf War2,258
Korea1,701
World War II1,040

Toledo Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 544,214
75+3,836
65 to 743,614
55 to 643,045
18 to 341,504

Toledo Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White11,7078.06%
Black3,8246.99%
Hispanic6004.27%
2 or More3195.27%
Asian1554.93%
Other1122.10%
Indian9112.25%
Hawaiian512.20%

Toledo Veterans by Education

11.58%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.29%

Veteran Disability Rate

Toledo Employment Status

Toledo Employment by Age

61.9%

Labor Force Participation

54.4%

Employment Rate

12%

Unemployment Rate

Toledo Employment by Race

Toledo Employment by Education

Toledo Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

77.67%

Born in Ohio

96.63%

Native Born

3.37%

Foreign Born

1.82%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

96.63% of Toledo residents were born in the United States, with 77.67% having been born in Ohio. 1.82% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.