Topeka, Kansas Population 2019

Topeka is a city located in the state of Kansas. It is the county seat for Shawnee County and it is also the state capital. Recent estimates show that the population of the city is 127,473.

Topeka History

As with other cities located in the Great Plains, Topeka was originally inhabited by native tribes. The land that is now Kansas changed ownership several times throughout the 16th and 18th centuries. At the beginning of the 19th century, ownership went to the United States following the Louisiana Purchase.

It was during the 1840s when a ferry service was established crossing the Kansas River. While settlers could cross the river, the area that is now Topeka was not yet developed. It was when a military road was developed in the 1850s when the area was settled. A cabin was built in 1854 and the Topeka Town Association was established. It was during the next decade when the city became a hub for commercial activity.

It was also during this time when the state was admitted to the Union and was the 34th state in the United States. Topeka was selected as the capital. The construction of the capitol building began in 1866 but took 37 years to complete.

Population growth was slow because of a drought in the 1860s and the Civil War. However, once the war was over the city began to grow. During this time, many former slaves settled in Topeka, and Washburn University was also established as the population and the city itself grew. A depression in the late 19th century could have been disastrous but residents made it through and the population doubled. The population continued to grow with the introduction of the automobile industry, with Topeka serving as the site of the Smith Automobile Company, which was in business for 10 years. Another notable fact about Topeka at this time was that it was the site of Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, a Supreme Court case that overturned Plessy vs. Ferguson and made racial segregation in schools illegal. However, despite the court ruling, racial discrimination continued to burden the city for many years.

The city was struck by a devastating tornado in 1966. The city suffered about $100 million in damage because of the tornado and was one of the most expensive in history. However, the city did recover and its economy and population continued to grow. However, the 1970s saw a drop in population with the closing of Forbes Air Force Base, with more than 10,000 people leaving the city. Population and the city grew again in the next decade with the construction of a mall, airport and convention center.

Today, the city continues to grow as more jobs are created and the city plans to redevelop many areas, including the State Capitol.

Topeka Demographics

Topeka has a population of over 126,000 residents. The city’s total area is over 61 square miles, and it has a population density of 2,100 people per square mile.

Over 76% of the city’s population is white, while 11.3% is black, 1.4% is Native American, 1.3% is Asian, 4.7% are another race, and 4.9% are mixed race. People of Hispanic or Latino descent make up over 13% of the population. People between the ages of 25 to 44 make up the largest age group, accounting for over 26% of the population. Nearly one-quarter of the population is under 18, while 14.3% are at least 75 years old. There are more females than males living in Topeka, with women making up 52.2% of the population. Approximately 8.5% of Topeka’s population lives below the federal poverty line.

The city’s top employer is the State of Kansas, employing more than 8,000 people. Over 22% of residents work in the educational, health and social services industry, with the city’s four school districts employing about 4,700 people and Washburn University providing around 1,650 jobs.

Topeka Population Growth

Topeka’s population has seen its ups and downs throughout the years, with some censuses showing significant, rapid growth while others reflect smaller percentages of growth or even declining numbers. Most recently, the population is down 0.5% since the 2010 census. However, this downward trend is not expected to continue, although rapid growth of the city is not expected any time in the near future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017126,587-200-0.16%
2016126,787-472-0.37%
2015127,259-161-0.13%
2014127,420-272-0.21%
2013127,692-374-0.29%
2012128,066-123-0.10%
2011128,1892800.22%
2010127,9095,5320.44%
2000122,3772,4940.21%
1990119,8831,1930.10%
1980118,690-6,321-0.52%
1970125,0115,5270.45%
1960119,48440,6934.25%
195078,79110,9581.51%
194067,8333,7130.56%
193064,12014,0982.51%
192050,0226,3381.36%
191043,68410,0762.66%
190033,6082,6010.81%
189031,00715,5557.21%
188015,4529,66210.31%
18705,7904,99021.89%
18608000.00%

Topeka Population in 2018Source: By Dylan Edwards Kswx29 [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White100,356
Black or African American13,222
Two or More Races6,853
Some Other Race3,742
Asian1,880
American Indian and Alaska Native1,006
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander80

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Topeka Population Pyramid 2019

1,0002,0003,0004,0005,000 Male Population1,0002,0003,0004,0005,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Topeka Median Age

37.2


Total

35.5


Male

39.2


Female

Topeka Adults

There are 97,274 adults, (20,668 of whom are seniors) in Topeka.

Topeka Age Dependency

66

Age Dependency Ratio

27

Old Age Dependency Ratio

39

Child Dependency Ratio

Topeka Sex Ratio

Female

66,191

52.06%

Male

60,948

47.94%

Topeka Households and Families

Topeka Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Topeka Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77.7%22.3%
All56.8%43.2%
Male49.7%50.3%
Non Family43.9%56.1%
Female36.3%63.7%

56.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Topeka Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All53,2202.3156.8
Non Family23,2421.2143.9
Married21,3953.1277.7
Female6,4113.1936.3
Male2,1723.4249.7

3.04

Average Family Size

2.31

Average Household Size

5.8%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Topeka Households

Topeka Education

Topeka Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,8423.34%
9th to 12th Grade5,9366.97%
High School Graduate26,77131.43%
Some College20,62124.21%
Associates Degree5,0165.89%
Bachelors Degree14,83917.42%
Graduate Degree9,16210.76%

Topeka Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White64,28159,85620,611
Hispanic8,8036,303983
Black8,2146,8931,016
Multiple Races2,4962,131532
Other Race1,8751,380148
Asian1,2161,083789
Native American740584168
Islander333333

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

Topeka Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,553$37,967$31,473
Less Than High School$19,171$21,965$15,551
High School Grad$26,452$30,593$22,492
Some College$33,086$36,391$31,127
Bachelors Degree$44,324$52,423$40,061
Graduate Degree$56,257$64,821$51,181

$34,553

Average Earnings

$37,967

Average Male

$31,473

Average Female

Topeka Language

Topeka Language by Age

Topeka Language

89.53% of Topeka residents speak only English, while 10.47% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.29% of the population.

Topeka Poverty

Topeka Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White85,16311,23013.19%
Hispanic17,7464,33824.44%
Black12,5753,04624.22%
Multiple6,2711,64726.26%
Other3,71884622.75%
Asian1,79222812.72%
Native91721623.56%
Islander804758.75%

16.68%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.40%

Male Poverty Rate

16.93%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Topeka

The race most likely to be in poverty in Topeka is Islander, with 58.75% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Topeka is Asian, with 12.72% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.25%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.43%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.22%.

Topeka Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.01%
High School16.07%
Some College11.23%
Bachelors or Greater3.40%

Topeka Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Male Unemployed40.56%
Female Unemployed35.45%
Female Employed9.24%
Male Employed8.49%

Topeka Income

Topeka Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$46,087$60,359
Families$60,668$73,897
Married Families$73,351$87,389
Non Families$31,637$40,588

Topeka Marital Status

Topeka Marital Status

Marriage Rates

44.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.6%

Male Marriage Rate

43.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Topeka Married by Age and Sex

Topeka Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Topeka Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Topeka Veterans

Topeka Veterans by War

9,390

Number of Veterans

8,643

Male Veterans

747

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam3,617
First Gulf War1,875
Second Gulf War1,406
Korea930
World War II553

Topeka Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
65 to 742,457
75+2,120
55 to 641,999
35 to 541,991
18 to 34823

Topeka Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White7,96710.02%
Black99510.25%
Hispanic5414.91%
2 or More2608.13%
Other883.88%
Indian495.45%
Asian231.50%
Hawaiian810.00%

Topeka Veterans by Education

9.41%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.88%

Veteran Disability Rate

Topeka Employment Status

Topeka Employment by Age

63%

Labor Force Participation

59.1%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Topeka Employment by Race

Topeka Employment by Education

Topeka Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

65.82%

Born in Kansas

94.70%

Native Born

5.30%

Foreign Born

3.54%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

94.70% of Topeka residents were born in the United States, with 65.82% having been born in Kansas. 3.54% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.