Trenton, New Jersey Population 2018

Trenton is a city located in the state of New Jersey. It is located in Mercer County, where it is also the county seat. Trenton is also the capital of New Jersey, and for a short period was the capital of the United States. The city has a long history and annexation has contributed to its growth of 84,913 residents, according to the last census taken in 2010. However, recent estimates show that this number has declined slightly, dropping the population to 84,056. It is the 10th most populous city in New Jersey. Trenton has a total area of over 8 square miles, and it has a population density of 11,101.9 people per square mile.

Trenton’s population is primarily black, with this race making up over 52% of the total population. Over 26% of the population is white, over 1% Asian, over 15% of another race, and over 4% multiracial. People of Hispanic or Latino origin make up nearly 34% of the population. Trenton has more men than women residing within its limits, with 106.5 males for every 100 females. Residents between the ages of 25 and 44 make up the city’s largest age group and account for 32.5% of the total population. Just over one-quarter of residents are under the age of 18, while 8.8% are at least 65 years old. Nearly one-quarter of Trenton’s residents live below the federal poverty line. In its earliest years, Trenton saw its population grow at a steady rate. However, during the 20th century, this population began to slow. The population peaked at 128,009 at the time of the 1950 census. However, after this, the population has only continued to drop at each 10-year census. Recent estimates show that the population has dropped 1% since the last census in 2010. High crime rates are a contributing factor to the loss in population, although the numbers have gotten better in more recent years. Perhaps with continuous efforts to revitalize the city and bring crime down further, Trenton’s population will once again rise.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201784,9643290.39%
201684,635140.02%
201584,621-316-0.37%
201484,937-201-0.24%
201385,1381080.13%
201285,030190.02%
201185,011-13-0.02%
201085,024-379-0.04%
200085,403-3,272-0.38%
199088,675-3,449-0.38%
198092,124-12,514-1.27%
1970104,638-9,529-0.87%
1960114,167-13,842-1.14%
1950128,0093,3120.26%
1940124,6971,3410.11%
1930123,3564,0670.34%
1920119,28922,4742.11%
191096,81523,5082.82%
190073,30715,8492.47%
189057,45827,5486.75%
188029,9107,0362.72%
187022,8745,6462.88%
186017,22810,76710.30%
18506,4612,4264.82%
18404,0351100.28%
18303,925-17-0.04%
18203,9429422.77%
18103,0000.00%

Trenton Population in 2018Source: Famartin at English Wikipedia [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American42,286
White32,897
Some Other Race6,575
Two or More Races1,382
Asian1,239
American Indian and Alaska Native180

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Trenton Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Trenton Median Age

33.7


Total

33.3


Male

34.2


Female

Trenton Adults

There are 63,335 adults, (7,864 of which are seniors) in Trenton.

Trenton Age Dependency

52.4

Age Dependency Ratio

14.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Trenton Sex Ratio

Female

41,395

48.95%

Male

43,164

51.05%

Trenton Households and Families

Trenton Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Trenton Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married50.9%49.1%
All36.8%63.2%
Male36.1%63.9%
Female31.7%68.3%
Non Family29.6%70.4%

36.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Trenton Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All27,5492.936.8
Non Family10,4021.3329.6
Married7,9573.9350.9
Female7,0413.8431.7
Male2,1493.6136.1

3.69

Average Family Size

2.9

Average Household Size

5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Trenton Households

Trenton Education

Trenton Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7,39713.53%
9th to 12th Grade7,99114.62%
High School Graduate20,99538.40%
Some College9,74317.82%
Associates Degree2,0403.73%
Bachelors Degree4,1367.57%
Graduate Degree2,3694.33%

Trenton Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black26,45221,4762,740
Hispanic17,6998,885832
White9,6588,1882,384
Other Race4,1372,147194
Asian951692487
Multiple Races750541126
Native American1367911

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 84.78%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 51.21%.

Trenton Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$25,358$24,402$26,198
Less Than High School$18,184$19,453$16,240
High School Grad$25,348$26,839$22,667
Some College$30,134$26,906$32,368
Bachelors Degree$41,711$40,630$43,691
Graduate Degree$51,731$45,417$56,048

$25,358

Average Earnings

$24,402

Average Male

$26,198

Average Female

Trenton Language

Trenton Language by Age

Trenton Language

61.38% of Trenton residents speak only English, while 38.62% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 32.79% of the population.

Trenton Poverty

Trenton Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black40,13910,79826.90%
Hispanic29,1298,89230.53%
White10,3932,13720.56%
Other6,1991,61626.07%
Asian1,19346939.31%
Multiple1,21740032.87%
Native1743318.97%

27.58%

Overall Poverty Rate

25.01%

Male Poverty Rate

30.09%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Trenton

The race most likely to be in poverty in Trenton is Asian, with 39.31% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Trenton is Native, with 18.97% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.49%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.93%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 40.94%.

Trenton Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School32.79%
High School21.93%
Some College18.62%
Bachelors or Greater12.28%

Trenton Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed54.87%
Male Unemployed34.99%
Female Employed11.88%
Male Employed9.82%

Trenton Income

Trenton Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$34,412$48,089
Families$41,552$54,482
Married Families$56,173$68,729
Non Families$19,458$33,067

Trenton Marital Status

Trenton Marital Status

Marriage Rates

29.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

30.0%

Male Marriage Rate

29.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Trenton Married by Age and Sex

Trenton Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Trenton Marital Status by Race

Trenton Veterans

Trenton Veterans by War

2,742

Number of Veterans

2,416

Male Veterans

326

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam874
First Gulf War494
Second Gulf War393
Korea173
World War II115

Trenton Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 54830
55 to 64816
75+415
65 to 74388
18 to 34293

Trenton Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black1,6255.26%
White1,0484.11%
Hispanic3451.62%
Other501.03%
Indian128.82%
2 or More70.80%

Trenton Veterans by Education

11.96%

Veteran Poverty Rate

32.93%

Veteran Disability Rate

Trenton Employment Status

Trenton Employment by Age

60.1%

Labor Force Participation

50.5%

Employment Rate

16%

Unemployment Rate

Trenton Employment by Race

Trenton Employment by Education

Trenton Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

54.30%

Born in New Jersey

75.30%

Native Born

24.70%

Foreign Born

18.71%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

75.30% of Trenton residents were born in the United States, with 54.30% having been born in New Jersey. 18.71% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.