Trenton, New Jersey Population 2019

Trenton is a city located in the state of New Jersey. It is located in Mercer County, where it is also the county seat. Trenton is also the capital of New Jersey, and for a short period was the capital of the United States. The city has a long history and annexation has contributed to its growth of 84,913 residents, according to the last census taken in 2010.

However, recent estimates show that this number has declined slightly, dropping the population to 84,056. It is the 10th most populous city in New Jersey. Trenton has a total area of over 8 square miles, and it has a population density of 11,101.9 people per square mile.

Trenton Population Statistics

Trenton has more men than women residing within its limits, with 106.5 males for every 100 females. Residents between the ages of 25 and 44 make up the city’s largest age group and account for 32.5% of the total population. Just over one-quarter of residents are under the age of 18, while 8.8% are at least 65 years old. Nearly one-quarter of Trenton’s residents live below the federal poverty line.

Trenton Population Growth

In its earliest years, Trenton saw its population grow at a steady rate. However, during the 20th century, this population began to slow. The population peaked at 128,009 at the time of the 1950 census. However, after this, the population has only continued to drop at each 10-year census. Recent estimates show that the population had dropped 1% since the last census in 2010. High crime rates are a contributing factor to the loss in population, although the numbers have gotten better in more recent years. Perhaps with continuous efforts to revitalize the city and bring crime down further, Trenton’s population will once again rise.

Trenton Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Trenton was:

  • Black or African American: 50.48%
  • White: 39.62%
  • Other race: 6.94%
  • Asian: 1.43%
  • Two or more races: 1.35%
  • Native American: 0.18%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.00%

Trenton, New Jersey's estimated population is 84,964 according to the most recent United States census estimates. Trenton, New Jersey is the 6th largest city in New Jersey based on official 2017 estimates from the US Census Bureau.

The population density is 11233.53 people/mi² (4337.27 people/km²), with a household density of 1767.75 people/km² (4578.48 people/mi²).

The overall median age is 34 years, 33.3 years for males, and 34.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 105.7 males.

Based on data from the American Community Survey, in 2017 there were 34,629 households in the city, with an average size of people per household. The homeowner vacancy rate was 7.6%, with a median rent of $995/month. The median house has 5.4 rooms, and has a value of $95,900.

The median income for households in Trenton, New Jersey is $35,524, while the mean household income is $50,613.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
201784,9643290.39%
201684,635140.02%
201584,621-316-0.37%
201484,937-201-0.24%
201385,1381080.13%
201285,030190.02%
201185,011-13-0.02%
201085,024-379-0.04%
200085,403-3,272-0.38%
199088,675-3,449-0.38%
198092,124-12,514-1.27%
1970104,638-9,529-0.87%
1960114,167-13,842-1.14%
1950128,0093,3120.26%
1940124,6971,3410.11%
1930123,3564,0670.34%
1920119,28922,4742.11%
191096,81523,5082.82%
190073,30715,8492.47%
189057,45827,5486.75%
188029,9107,0362.72%
187022,8745,6462.88%
186017,22810,76710.30%
18506,4612,4264.82%
18404,0351100.28%
18303,925-17-0.04%
18203,9429422.77%
18103,0000.00%

Trenton Population in 2018Source: Famartin at English Wikipedia [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American42,838
White33,627
Some Other Race5,890
Asian1,215
Two or More Races1,143
American Indian and Alaska Native154

Trenton Population Pyramid 2019

Trenton Median Age

34


Total

33.3


Male

34.6


Female

Trenton Adults

There are 63,497 adults, (7,900 of whom are seniors) in Trenton.

Trenton Age Dependency

52.6

Age Dependency Ratio

14.2

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Trenton Sex Ratio

Female

41,261

48.62%

Male

43,606

51.38%

Trenton Households and Families

Trenton Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Trenton Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married51.4%48.6%
Male41.8%58.2%
All37.2%62.8%
Female32.2%67.8%
Non Family29.5%70.5%

37.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All27,1452.9837.2
Non Family10,3691.3629.5
Married7,5463.9851.4
Female7,0884.0532.2
Male2,1423.6841.8

3.8

Average Family Size

2.98

Average Household Size

4.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Trenton Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade7,62413.94%
9th to 12th Grade7,68814.06%
High School Graduate20,20136.94%
Some College10,41919.05%
Associates Degree2,0833.81%
Bachelors Degree4,2677.80%
Graduate Degree2,4034.39%

Trenton Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black26,90721,8792,864
Hispanic17,8708,880950
White9,1657,9142,271
Other Race3,7561,940147
Asian1,002728553
Multiple Races602467124
Native American1326013

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 86.35%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 55.19%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$26,296$25,613$27,095
Less Than High School$19,078$20,037$16,398
High School Grad$25,796$27,504$23,958
Some College$33,586$34,430$32,364
Bachelors Degree$42,454$37,292$46,646
Graduate Degree$51,712$43,519$60,170

$26,296

Average Earnings

$25,613

Average Male

$27,095

Average Female

Trenton Language

Trenton Language by Age

Trenton Language

61.80% of Trenton residents speak only English, while 38.20% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 33.06% of the population.

Trenton Poverty

Trenton Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black40,86910,72726.25%
Hispanic29,8638,93329.91%
White10,2082,16421.20%
Other5,6441,76531.27%
Asian1,17440734.67%
Multiple1,01038538.12%
Native1483624.32%

27.26%

Overall Poverty Rate

25.10%

Male Poverty Rate

29.42%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Trenton

The race most likely to be in poverty in Trenton is Multiple, with 38.12% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Trenton is White, with 21.20% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 6.24%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.68%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 40.94%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.77%
High School23.31%
Some College18.55%
Bachelors or Greater13.87%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed52.97%
Male Unemployed35.54%
Female Employed10.70%
Male Employed10.42%

Trenton Income

Trenton Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$35,524$50,613
Families$42,805$57,804
Married Families$59,101$73,084
Non Families$19,243$34,744

Trenton Marital Status

Trenton Marital Status

Marriage Rates

28.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

28.6%

Male Marriage Rate

28.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Trenton Married by Age and Sex

Trenton Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Trenton Marital Status by Race

Trenton Veterans

2,475

Number of Veterans

2,160

Male Veterans

315

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam812
Second Gulf War450
First Gulf War411
Korea110
World War II45

Trenton Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black1,5524.95%
White8413.25%
Hispanic3001.39%
Other571.31%
2 or More131.83%
Indian129.09%

Trenton Veterans by Education

13.38%

Veteran Poverty Rate

34.40%

Veteran Disability Rate

Trenton Employment Status

59.8%

Labor Force Participation

52%

Employment Rate

13%

Unemployment Rate

Trenton Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

54.55%

Born in New Jersey

75.48%

Native Born

24.52%

Foreign Born

18.51%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

75.48% of Trenton residents were born in the United States, with 54.55% having been born in New Jersey. 18.51% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.