Tucson, Arizona Population 2018

Tucson is a city in Pima County, Arizona. Tuscon is the 33rd largest city in the United States and the 52nd largest metropolitan area with an estimated 2014 population of 526,000.

Tucson has an estimated population of 526,000, up slightly from 520,000 at the 2010 census. The Tucson metropolitan area is larger with an estimated population of 994,000, while the Tucson MSA has a population of 985,000. Tucson is the second-most populous city in Arizona after Phoenix. Tucson has a population density of 2,794 people per square mile.

Tucson has a strong temporary population, which grows and recedes seasonally. Much of the city's economy is centered on the University of Arizona, which is the city's second largest employer, as well as tourism, with over 3.5 million people visiting the city each year. Along with vacationers, there are a large number of winter residents (snowbirds) who come for the mild winters. Many own second homes in the area.

Tucson Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic composition of Tucson was:

  • White: 69.7% (non-Hispanic: 47.2%)
  • Black or African American: 5.0%
  • Native American: 2.7%
  • Asian: 2.9%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.2%
  • Other races: 17.8%
  • Two or more races: 3.4%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 41.6% (36.1% Mexican)

Tucson History

Tucson was first inhabited by Paleo-Indians, and recent archaeological work has found a village dating to 2100 BC. The area was first used for farming with extensive irrigation canals. In 1692, Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino visited the area and founded a mission eight years later upstream of present-day Tucson. A second settlement was established downstream. Hugo O'Conor, the founding father of Tucson, authorized the construction of a military fort called Presido San Agustin del Tucson in 1775.

The town was eventually known as Tucson and became a part of Mexico after Mexico gained independence. It was then captured by the Mormon Battalion during the Mexican-American War and was later returned to Mexico. The city was not included in the Mexican Cession, but it became a part of the United States in 1853, with formal control taken in 1856.

Tucson was briefly the western capital of the Confederate Arizona Territory, although the Confederate forces were driven out of the state in 1862. The city and all of present-day Arizona was part of New Mexico Territory until 1863, when it became a part of Arizona. The city was incorporated in 1877 as the first incorporated city in Arizona.

Tucson Population Growth

Tucson has always had a seasonal population as migratory retirees have spent their winters in the city. During the recession, Tucson went from being one of the hottest real estate markets to one of the most troubled, and the city is now one of the poorest big cities in the United States with a per capita income of just over $20,000. Water shortage has also become an issue as the city's population grows. Despite the problems, the region is expected to see its population double in the next 30 years to around 2 million people. 


Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017535,6774,1300.78%
2016531,5471,6670.31%
2015529,8804880.09%
2014529,3921,3250.25%
2013528,0676280.12%
2012527,4398240.16%
2011526,6152,7830.53%
2010523,83237,1337.63%
2000486,69981,30920.06%
1990405,39074,85322.65%
1980330,53767,60425.71%
1970262,93350,04123.51%
1960212,892167,438368.37%
195045,4548,63623.46%
194036,8184,31213.27%
193032,50612,21460.19%
192020,2927,09953.81%
191013,1935,66275.18%
19007,5312,38146.23%
18905,150-1,857-26.50%
18807,0073,783117.34%
18703,2240.00%

Tucson Population in 2018Source: By The original uploader was Jeff dean at English Wikipedia (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [Attribution], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White387,636
Some Other Race58,012
Black or African American26,467
Two or More Races23,639
Asian15,817
American Indian and Alaska Native15,077
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander938

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Tucson Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Tucson Median Age

33.2


Total

31.9


Male

34.7


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 419,435 adults in Tucson.

Tucson Age Dependency

54

Age Dependency Ratio

20.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Tucson Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
4.7
Houses Without Mortgage
36,077
Houses With Mortgage
65,122
Vacancy Rate
11.4
Median Rent
772
Median Home Value
132,200
Renter-Occupied Units
106,462
Owner-Occupied Units
101,199
Total Housing Units
234,323

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Tucson for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6.2% and the labor force participation rate is 61.7%.

Tucson Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.42
Average Family Size
3.18
Total Households
207661
Married Couple Households
69491
Male Householder (no wife) Families
11848
Female Householder (no husband) Families
32754
Non Family Households
93568
Total Families
114093
Households With Own Children
51330
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.7
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.7

Tucson Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
22,782
$10,000 to $14,999
17,122
$15,000 to $24,999
31,324
$25,000 to $34,999
26,138
$35,000 to $49,999
32,212
$50,000 to $74,999
35,256
$75,000 to $99,999
19,558
$100,000 to $149,999
15,607
$150,000 to $199,999
4,926
Over $200,000
2,736

Tucson Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Tucson

Arizona

$37,973

$51,340

$51,035

$70,432

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Tucson Education Data

Tucson Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
21,1076.44%
9th to 12th Grade
29,9849.15%
High School Graduate
77,75123.72%
Some College
86,40326.36%
Associates Degree
28,0798.57%
Bachelors Degree
50,27315.34%
Graduate Degree
34,17110.43%