Tucson, Arizona Population 2018

Tucson is a city in Pima County, Arizona. Tuscon is the 33rd largest city in the United States and the 52nd largest metropolitan area with an estimated 2014 population of 526,000.

Tucson has an estimated population of 526,000, up slightly from 520,000 at the 2010 census. The Tucson metropolitan area is larger with an estimated population of 994,000, while the Tucson MSA has a population of 985,000. Tucson is the second-most populous city in Arizona after Phoenix. Tucson has a population density of 2,794 people per square mile.

Tucson has a strong temporary population, which grows and recedes seasonally. Much of the city's economy is centered on the University of Arizona, which is the city's second largest employer, as well as tourism, with over 3.5 million people visiting the city each year. Along with vacationers, there are a large number of winter residents (snowbirds) who come for the mild winters. Many own second homes in the area.

Tucson Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic composition of Tucson was:

  • White: 69.7% (non-Hispanic: 47.2%)
  • Black or African American: 5.0%
  • Native American: 2.7%
  • Asian: 2.9%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.2%
  • Other races: 17.8%
  • Two or more races: 3.4%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 41.6% (36.1% Mexican)

Tucson History

Tucson was first inhabited by Paleo-Indians, and recent archaeological work has found a village dating to 2100 BC. The area was first used for farming with extensive irrigation canals. In 1692, Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino visited the area and founded a mission eight years later upstream of present-day Tucson. A second settlement was established downstream. Hugo O'Conor, the founding father of Tucson, authorized the construction of a military fort called Presido San Agustin del Tucson in 1775.

The town was eventually known as Tucson and became a part of Mexico after Mexico gained independence. It was then captured by the Mormon Battalion during the Mexican-American War and was later returned to Mexico. The city was not included in the Mexican Cession, but it became a part of the United States in 1853, with formal control taken in 1856.

Tucson was briefly the western capital of the Confederate Arizona Territory, although the Confederate forces were driven out of the state in 1862. The city and all of present-day Arizona was part of New Mexico Territory until 1863, when it became a part of Arizona. The city was incorporated in 1877 as the first incorporated city in Arizona.

Tucson Population Growth

Tucson has always had a seasonal population as migratory retirees have spent their winters in the city. During the recession, Tucson went from being one of the hottest real estate markets to one of the most troubled, and the city is now one of the poorest big cities in the United States with a per capita income of just over $20,000. Water shortage has also become an issue as the city's population grows. Despite the problems, the region is expected to see its population double in the next 30 years to around 2 million people. 


Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017535,6774,1300.78%
2016531,5471,6670.31%
2015529,8804880.09%
2014529,3921,3250.25%
2013528,0676280.12%
2012527,4398240.16%
2011526,6152,7830.53%
2010523,83237,1330.74%
2000486,69981,3091.84%
1990405,39074,8532.06%
1980330,53767,6042.31%
1970262,93350,0412.13%
1960212,892167,43816.70%
195045,4548,6362.13%
194036,8184,3121.25%
193032,50612,2144.82%
192020,2927,0994.40%
191013,1935,6625.77%
19007,5312,3813.87%
18905,150-1,857-3.03%
18807,0073,7838.07%
18703,2240.00%

Tucson Population in 2018Source: By The original uploader was Jeff dean at English Wikipedia (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [Attribution], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White387,636
Some Other Race58,012
Black or African American26,467
Two or More Races23,639
Asian15,817
American Indian and Alaska Native15,077
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander938

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Tucson Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Tucson Median Age

33.2


Total

31.9


Male

34.7


Female

Tucson Adults

There are 413,100 adults, (70,169 of which are seniors) in Tucson.

Tucson Age Dependency

54

Age Dependency Ratio

20.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Tucson Sex Ratio

Female

265,695

50.36%

Male

261,891

49.64%

Tucson Households and Families

Tucson Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Tucson Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.7%29.3%
All48.7%51.3%
Male43.2%56.8%
Non Family37.2%62.8%
Female37%63%

48.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Tucson Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All207,6612.4248.7
Non Family93,5681.3437.2
Married69,4913.2670.7
Female32,7543.4237
Male11,8483.3143.2

3.18

Average Family Size

2.42

Average Household Size

7.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.7%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Tucson Households

Tucson Education

Tucson Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade21,1076.44%
9th to 12th Grade29,9849.15%
High School Graduate77,75123.72%
Some College86,40326.36%
Associates Degree28,0798.57%
Bachelors Degree50,27315.34%
Graduate Degree34,17110.43%

Tucson Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White172,073161,25559,859
Hispanic120,19185,11514,855
Other Race31,98220,1172,870
Black15,64213,4772,853
Multiple Races9,5947,9792,561
Asian9,4967,9334,258
Native American8,6616,4761,283
Islander502473105

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 94.22%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 44.84%.

Tucson Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$28,085$30,682$25,987
Less Than High School$17,573$19,346$15,052
High School Grad$23,255$25,923$20,002
Some College$28,444$31,881$25,834
Bachelors Degree$39,851$42,164$36,440
Graduate Degree$48,301$53,629$44,263

$28,085

Average Earnings

$30,682

Average Male

$25,987

Average Female

Tucson Language

Tucson Language by Age

Tucson Language

65.93% of Tucson residents speak only English, while 34.07% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 28.79% of the population.

Tucson Poverty

Tucson Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic217,28965,99030.37%
White228,90342,43918.54%
Other55,35519,12234.54%
Black23,8397,61831.96%
Multiple22,2366,58329.61%
Native14,0025,24037.42%
Asian15,0184,25728.35%
Islander86325930.01%

25.12%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.82%

Male Poverty Rate

26.35%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Tucson

The race most likely to be in poverty in Tucson is Native, with 37.42% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Tucson is White, with 18.54% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.51%. Among those working part-time, it was 32.20%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.16%.

Tucson Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School35.37%
High School21.41%
Some College15.72%
Bachelors or Greater8.92%

Tucson Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed48.98%
Male Unemployed43.06%
Female Employed15.99%
Male Employed13.16%

Tucson Income

Tucson Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$37,973$51,035
Families$47,403$61,131
Married Families$61,971$75,662
Non Families$25,905$36,369

Tucson Marital Status

Tucson Marital Status

Marriage Rates

35.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

36.4%

Male Marriage Rate

34.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Tucson Married by Age and Sex

Tucson Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Tucson Marital Status by Race

Tucson Veterans

Tucson Veterans by War

38,080

Number of Veterans

33,959

Male Veterans

4,121

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam13,276
First Gulf War8,871
Second Gulf War7,342
Korea3,973
World War II2,051

Tucson Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 549,951
75+8,281
65 to 748,148
55 to 647,777
18 to 343,923

Tucson Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White31,70010.24%
Hispanic7,7934.99%
Black2,57412.95%
Other1,7464.22%
2 or More1,0948.29%
Asian5023.65%
Indian3833.46%
Hawaiian8111.89%

Tucson Veterans by Education

11.16%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.86%

Veteran Disability Rate

Tucson Employment Status

Tucson Employment by Age

61.7%

Labor Force Participation

54.7%

Employment Rate

10.1%

Unemployment Rate

Tucson Employment by Race

Tucson Employment by Education

Tucson Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

44.50%

Born in Arizona

84.79%

Native Born

15.21%

Foreign Born

9.00%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

84.79% of Tucson residents were born in the United States, with 44.50% having been born in Arizona. 9.00% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.