Tucson, Arizona Population 2018

Tucson is a city in Pima County, Arizona. Tuscon is the 33rd largest city in the United States and the 52nd largest metropolitan area with an estimated 2014 population of 526,000.

Tucson has an estimated population of 526,000, up slightly from 520,000 at the 2010 census. The Tucson metropolitan area is larger with an estimated population of 994,000, while the Tucson MSA has a population of 985,000. Tucson is the second-most populous city in Arizona after Phoenix. Tucson has a population density of 2,794 people per square mile.

Tucson has a strong temporary population, which grows and recedes seasonally. Much of the city's economy is centered on the University of Arizona, which is the city's second largest employer, as well as tourism, with over 3.5 million people visiting the city each year. Along with vacationers, there are a large number of winter residents (snowbirds) who come for the mild winters. Many own second homes in the area.

Tucson Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic composition of Tucson was:

  • White: 69.7% (non-Hispanic: 47.2%)
  • Black or African American: 5.0%
  • Native American: 2.7%
  • Asian: 2.9%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.2%
  • Other races: 17.8%
  • Two or more races: 3.4%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 41.6% (36.1% Mexican)

Tucson History

Tucson was first inhabited by Paleo-Indians, and recent archaeological work has found a village dating to 2100 BC. The area was first used for farming with extensive irrigation canals. In 1692, Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino visited the area and founded a mission eight years later upstream of present-day Tucson. A second settlement was established downstream. Hugo O'Conor, the founding father of Tucson, authorized the construction of a military fort called Presido San Agustin del Tucson in 1775.

The town was eventually known as Tucson and became a part of Mexico after Mexico gained independence. It was then captured by the Mormon Battalion during the Mexican-American War and was later returned to Mexico. The city was not included in the Mexican Cession, but it became a part of the United States in 1853, with formal control taken in 1856.

Tucson was briefly the western capital of the Confederate Arizona Territory, although the Confederate forces were driven out of the state in 1862. The city and all of present-day Arizona was part of New Mexico Territory until 1863, when it became a part of Arizona. The city was incorporated in 1877 as the first incorporated city in Arizona.

Tucson Population Growth

Tucson has always had a seasonal population as migratory retirees have spent their winters in the city. During the recession, Tucson went from being one of the hottest real estate markets to one of the most troubled, and the city is now one of the poorest big cities in the United States with a per capita income of just over $20,000. Water shortage has also become an issue as the city's population grows. Despite the problems, the region is expected to see its population double in the next 30 years to around 2 million people. 


Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017535,6774,1300.78%
2016531,5471,6670.31%
2015529,8804880.09%
2014529,3921,3250.25%
2013528,0676280.12%
2012527,4398240.16%
2011526,6152,7830.53%
2010523,83237,1330.74%
2000486,69981,3091.84%
1990405,39074,8532.06%
1980330,53767,6042.31%
1970262,93350,0412.13%
1960212,892167,43816.70%
195045,4548,6362.13%
194036,8184,3121.25%
193032,50612,2144.82%
192020,2927,0994.40%
191013,1935,6625.77%
19007,5312,3813.87%
18905,150-1,857-3.03%
18807,0073,7838.07%
18703,2240.00%

Tucson Population in 2018Source: By The original uploader was Jeff dean at English Wikipedia (Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.) [Attribution], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White387,952
Some Other Race56,331
Black or African American26,485
Two or More Races25,776
American Indian and Alaska Native16,776
Asian16,610
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander975

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table B03002

Tucson Population Pyramid 2018

5,00010,00015,00020,00025,00030,00035,000 Male Population5,00010,00015,00020,00025,00030,00035,000 Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Tucson Median Age

33.4


Total

32.2


Male

34.9


Female

Tucson Adults

There are 416,711 adults, (72,374 of whom are seniors) in Tucson.

Tucson Age Dependency

54.2

Age Dependency Ratio

21

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Tucson Sex Ratio

Female

266,436

50.19%

Male

264,469

49.81%

Tucson Households and Families

Tucson Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1101

Tucson Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married70.8%29.2%
All49.3%50.7%
Male44.5%55.5%
Female39%61%
Non Family37.6%62.4%

49.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Tucson Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All209,9062.4149.3
Non Family94,6171.3437.6
Married70,0053.2270.8
Female32,9583.439
Male12,3263.3144.5

3.15

Average Family Size

2.41

Average Household Size

7.9%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.6%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Tucson Households

Tucson Education

Tucson Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade20,8926.29%
9th to 12th Grade29,7298.95%
High School Graduate78,54523.66%
Some College86,02925.91%
Associates Degree28,6328.62%
Bachelors Degree52,79815.90%
Graduate Degree35,39010.66%

Tucson Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White172,082161,68962,140
Hispanic123,65088,81515,969
Other Race32,28321,3073,013
Black15,60313,4243,090
Multiple Races10,7658,6212,583
Asian9,9828,4414,430
Native American9,7556,9781,319
Islander535498117

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.96%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 44.38%.

Tucson Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$29,374$31,461$26,650
Less Than High School$17,994$20,859$14,981
High School Grad$23,854$26,330$21,418
Some College$29,483$32,167$26,692
Bachelors Degree$40,001$42,403$36,753
Graduate Degree$49,304$55,109$45,338

$29,374

Average Earnings

$31,461

Average Male

$26,650

Average Female

Tucson Language

Tucson Language by Age

Tucson Language

66.32% of Tucson residents speak only English, while 33.68% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 28.44% of the population.

Tucson Poverty

Tucson Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic220,08761,20127.81%
White227,04041,23218.16%
Other53,00716,92331.93%
Black23,6658,21934.73%
Multiple24,2076,84528.28%
Native15,5596,16639.63%
Asian15,7444,39627.92%
Islander91221323.36%

24.09%

Overall Poverty Rate

22.88%

Male Poverty Rate

25.24%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Tucson

The race most likely to be in poverty in Tucson is Native, with 39.63% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Tucson is White, with 18.16% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.43%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.64%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 32.08%.

Tucson Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.82%
High School21.11%
Some College15.28%
Bachelors or Greater9.17%

Tucson Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed50.09%
Male Unemployed42.97%
Female Employed15.15%
Male Employed13.19%

Tucson Income

Tucson Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$39,617$52,974
Families$49,203$63,243
Married Families$64,755$78,095
Non Families$26,992$37,865

Tucson Marital Status

Tucson Marital Status

Marriage Rates

35.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

36.1%

Male Marriage Rate

35.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Tucson Married by Age and Sex

Tucson Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Tucson Marital Status by Race


Data via US Census (2017 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S1201

Tucson Veterans

Tucson Veterans by War

37,209

Number of Veterans

33,095

Male Veterans

4,114

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam13,120
First Gulf War8,651
Second Gulf War7,944
Korea3,468
World War II1,716

Tucson Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 549,250
65 to 748,479
75+7,883
55 to 647,237
18 to 344,360

Tucson Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White30,8079.96%
Hispanic7,4814.70%
Black2,60313.22%
Other1,6603.98%
2 or More1,1217.72%
Asian5143.54%
Indian4593.71%
Hawaiian456.19%

Tucson Veterans by Education

10.39%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.75%

Veteran Disability Rate

Tucson Employment Status

Tucson Employment by Age

61.8%

Labor Force Participation

55.2%

Employment Rate

9.4%

Unemployment Rate

Tucson Employment by Race

Tucson Employment by Education

Tucson Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

44.81%

Born in Arizona

84.93%

Native Born

15.07%

Foreign Born

8.72%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

84.93% of Tucson residents were born in the United States, with 44.81% having been born in Arizona. 8.72% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.