Tuscon Population 2017

Tucson has an estimated population of 526,000, up slightly from 520,000 at the 2010 census. The Tucson metropolitan area is larger with an estimated population of 994,000, while the Tucson MSA has a population of 985,000. Tucson is the second-most populous city in Arizona after Phoenix. Tucson has a population density of 2,794 people per square mile.

Tucson has a strong temporary population, which grows and recedes seasonally. Much of the city's economy is centered on the University of Arizona, which is the city's second largest employer, as well as tourism, with over 3.5 million people visiting the city each year. Along with vacationers, there are a large number of winter residents (snowbirds) who come for the mild winters. Many own second homes in the area.

Tucson Demographics

According to the 2010 census, the racial and ethnic composition of Tucson was:

  • White: 69.7% (non-Hispanic: 47.2%)
  • Black or African American: 5.0%
  • Native American: 2.7%
  • Asian: 2.9%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.2%
  • Other races: 17.8%
  • Two or more races: 3.4%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 41.6% (36.1% Mexican)

Tucson History

Tucson was first inhabited by Paleo-Indians, and recent archaeological work has found a village dating to 2100 BC. The area was first used for farming with extensive irrigation canals. In 1692, Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino visited the area and founded a mission eight years later upstream of present-day Tucson. A second settlement was established downstream. Hugo O'Conor, the founding father of Tucson, authorized the construction of a military fort called Presido San Agustin del Tucson in 1775.

The town was eventually known as Tucson and became a part of Mexico after Mexico gained independence. It was then captured by the Mormon Battalion during the Mexican-American War and was later returned to Mexico. The city was not included in the Mexican Cession, but it became a part of the United States in 1853, with formal control taken in 1856.

Tucson was briefly the western capital of the Confederate Arizona Territory, although the Confederate forces were driven out of the state in 1862. The city and all of present-day Arizona was part of New Mexico Territory until 1863, when it became a part of Arizona. The city was incorporated in 1877 as the first incorporated city in Arizona.

Tucson Population Growth

Tucson has always had a seasonal population as migratory retirees have spent their winters in the city. During the recession, Tucson went from being one of the hottest real estate markets to one of the most troubled, and the city is now one of the poorest big cities in the United States with a per capita income of just over $20,000. Water shortage has also become an issue as the city's population grows. Despite the problems, the region is expected to see its population double in the next 30 years to around 2 million people. 

Year Population Change
2015 531,641 2.20%
2010 520,116 6.90%
2000 486,699 20.10%
1990 405,390 22.60%
1980 330,537 25.70%
1970 262,933 23.50%
1960 212,892 368.40%
1950 45,454 23.50%
1940 36,818 13.30%
1930 32,506 60.20%
1920 20,292 53.80%
1910 13,193 75.20%
1900 7,531 46.20%
1890 5,150 -26.50%
1880 7,007 117.30%
1870 3,224 0.00%

Tuscon Population in 2017 Source: Spyder Monkey

Tuscon Race Data

Race Population Percentage
White 393,617 74.97%
Black or African American 26,196 4.99%
American Indian and Alaska Native 13,936 2.65%
Asian 14,494 2.76%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 911 0.17%
Some Other Race 55,316 10.54%
Two or More Races 20,561 3.92%

Population Pyramid