Vancouver, Washington Population 2018

Vancouver is a city that is located in the state of Washington. It serves as the county seat for Clark County and is a suburb of Portland. The city has an estimated population of 172,860, making it the fourth most populous city in the state. Through the years, Vancouver has been named as one of the best places to live in the country.

Vancouver History

The Chinook and Kickitat tribes were the original inhabitants of Vancouver. Europeans arrived in the late 1700s, bringing along with them smallpox which eradicated about half of the Native American population by the early 1800s. The population of these original inhabitants and their ancestors continued to decline with the introduction of other diseases including malaria and measles.

Despite arriving to the area in the 1700s, Europeans did not settle in what is now Vancouver until 1824. The city began as Fort Vancouver and served as a fur trading post. The area came under control of the U.S. in 1846 following the signing of the Oregon Treaty. Shortly prior to this a claim was laid and registered under the name Vancouver City. The claim was traced over just a few short years later, with the name changing to Columbia City before being changed to its current name in 1855. Just two years later, it was incorporated as a city.

Vancouver was once the capital of the Washington Territory but this only lasted for a short time before Olympia became the capital once again.

In the 1900s, the city became quite prosperous following an economic boom from its three shipyards. The city continued to grow with the addition of an aluminum plant, which was powered using hydropower turbines. After Pearl Harbor was bombed, one of Vancouver’s shipyards went to work producing various ships, with the population of shipyard employees expanding to over 80,000.

The city has seen rapid growth throughout the years following its incorporation, with multiple annexations occurring throughout its history. In the 1940s, the city experienced an industrial boom with the addition of shipyards and a paper mill. Today, however, the city’s economy is now largely reliant on high tech and service industry jobs. The Port of Vancouver, the third largest in the state, continues to operate and sees over 400 vessels each year, as well as barges.

Vancouver Demographics

Vancouver has an estimated population of over 172,000, which shows substantial growth since the 2010 census, which showed a population of 161,791. The city has an area of almost 50 square miles with a population density of over 3,482 people per square mile.

The city’s population is over 80% white. Almost 3% of the population is black, 5% are Asian, and 1% are Native American. The largest age group found in Vancouver is those that are 25 to 44 years old, making up almost 29% of the population. Over one-quarter of the population is 45 to 64, while 24% are under 18. Over 12% are at least 65 years old, and the city has attracted many retirees.

There are more females than males living in Vancouver, with 96.9 men for every 100 women. Just over 12% of the total population live below the federal poverty line. The city’s largest employer is PeaceHealth Southwest Medical Center. Other major employers include Evergreen Public Schools, Vancouver Public Schools, the County of Clark and Fred Meyer, each of which employs over 1,000 people.

Vancouver Population Growth

Vancouver has seen extensive population growth. In some cases, it has been due to expansion of the city limits through annexation. The largest growth occurred between the censuses taken in 1990 and 2000, when the population grew from just over 46,000 to over 143,000. Though growth in recent years hasn’t been quite as staggering, since the 2010 census, estimates show that the population has grown by over 8%, indicating that Vancouver is well on its way to hitting 200,000 residents in the near future.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017175,6731,7160.99%
2016173,9572,2181.29%
2015171,7392,9841.77%
2014168,7551,8461.11%
2013166,9091,5840.96%
2012165,3251,0160.62%
2011164,3091,4160.87%
2010162,89319,33313.47%
2000143,56097,180209.53%
199046,3803,5468.28%
198042,8349752.33%
197041,8599,39528.94%
196032,464-9,200-22.08%
195041,66422,876121.76%
194018,7883,02219.17%
193015,7663,12924.76%
192012,6373,33735.88%
19109,3006,174197.50%
19003,126-419-11.82%
18903,5450.00%

Vancouver Population in 2018Source: By Photo by ecstaticist via Free For Commercial Use (Flickr: High Diver) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White134,436
Two or More Races9,454
Some Other Race8,865
Asian8,767
Black or African American4,566
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,771
American Indian and Alaska Native1,123

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Vancouver Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Vancouver Median Age

36.5


Total

35.8


Male

37.3


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 135,093 adults in Vancouver.

Vancouver Age Dependency

59.6

Age Dependency Ratio

22.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Vancouver Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5
Houses Without Mortgage
9,887
Houses With Mortgage
23,233
Vacancy Rate
4.7
Median Rent
986
Median Home Value
217,200
Renter-Occupied Units
34,222
Owner-Occupied Units
33,120
Total Housing Units
70,665

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Vancouver for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 5.3% and the labor force participation rate is 64.7%.

Vancouver Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.49
Average Family Size
3.13
Total Households
67342
Married Couple Households
29198
Male Householder (no wife) Families
3528
Female Householder (no husband) Families
8208
Non Family Households
26408
Total Families
40934
Households With Own Children
18912
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
7.3
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.4

Vancouver Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
3,696
$10,000 to $14,999
2,889
$15,000 to $24,999
6,992
$25,000 to $34,999
7,715
$35,000 to $49,999
11,016
$50,000 to $74,999
13,535
$75,000 to $99,999
8,413
$100,000 to $149,999
8,541
$150,000 to $199,999
2,373
Over $200,000
2,172

Vancouver Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Vancouver

Washington

$52,004

$62,848

$68,208

$84,022

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.050.10.150.2

Vancouver Education Data

Vancouver Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
4,0403.50%
9th to 12th Grade
7,4406.45%
High School Graduate
29,78025.82%
Some College
31,74027.52%
Associates Degree
11,58110.04%
Bachelors Degree
19,91617.27%
Graduate Degree
10,8279.39%