Vancouver, Washington Population 2018

Vancouver is a city that is located in the state of Washington. It serves as the county seat for Clark County and is a suburb of Portland. The city has an estimated population of 172,860, making it the fourth most populous city in the state. Through the years, Vancouver has been named as one of the best places to live in the country.

Vancouver History

The Chinook and Kickitat tribes were the original inhabitants of Vancouver. Europeans arrived in the late 1700s, bringing along with them smallpox which eradicated about half of the Native American population by the early 1800s. The population of these original inhabitants and their ancestors continued to decline with the introduction of other diseases including malaria and measles.

Despite arriving to the area in the 1700s, Europeans did not settle in what is now Vancouver until 1824. The city began as Fort Vancouver and served as a fur trading post. The area came under control of the U.S. in 1846 following the signing of the Oregon Treaty. Shortly prior to this a claim was laid and registered under the name Vancouver City. The claim was traced over just a few short years later, with the name changing to Columbia City before being changed to its current name in 1855. Just two years later, it was incorporated as a city.

Vancouver was once the capital of the Washington Territory but this only lasted for a short time before Olympia became the capital once again.

In the 1900s, the city became quite prosperous following an economic boom from its three shipyards. The city continued to grow with the addition of an aluminum plant, which was powered using hydropower turbines. After Pearl Harbor was bombed, one of Vancouver’s shipyards went to work producing various ships, with the population of shipyard employees expanding to over 80,000.

The city has seen rapid growth throughout the years following its incorporation, with multiple annexations occurring throughout its history. In the 1940s, the city experienced an industrial boom with the addition of shipyards and a paper mill. Today, however, the city’s economy is now largely reliant on high tech and service industry jobs. The Port of Vancouver, the third largest in the state, continues to operate and sees over 400 vessels each year, as well as barges.

Vancouver Demographics

Vancouver has an estimated population of over 172,000, which shows substantial growth since the 2010 census, which showed a population of 161,791. The city has an area of almost 50 square miles with a population density of over 3,482 people per square mile.

The city’s population is over 80% white. Almost 3% of the population is black, 5% are Asian, and 1% are Native American. The largest age group found in Vancouver is those that are 25 to 44 years old, making up almost 29% of the population. Over one-quarter of the population is 45 to 64, while 24% are under 18. Over 12% are at least 65 years old, and the city has attracted many retirees.

There are more females than males living in Vancouver, with 96.9 men for every 100 women. Just over 12% of the total population live below the federal poverty line. The city’s largest employer is PeaceHealth Southwest Medical Center. Other major employers include Evergreen Public Schools, Vancouver Public Schools, the County of Clark and Fred Meyer, each of which employs over 1,000 people.

Vancouver Population Growth

Vancouver has seen extensive population growth. In some cases, it has been due to expansion of the city limits through annexation. The largest growth occurred between the censuses taken in 1990 and 2000, when the population grew from just over 46,000 to over 143,000. Though growth in recent years hasn’t been quite as staggering, since the 2010 census, estimates show that the population has grown by over 8%, indicating that Vancouver is well on its way to hitting 200,000 residents in the near future.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017175,6731,7160.99%
2016173,9572,2181.29%
2015171,7392,9841.77%
2014168,7551,8461.11%
2013166,9091,5840.96%
2012165,3251,0160.62%
2011164,3091,4160.87%
2010162,89319,3331.27%
2000143,56097,18011.96%
199046,3803,5460.80%
198042,8349750.23%
197041,8599,3952.57%
196032,464-9,200-2.46%
195041,66422,8768.29%
194018,7883,0221.77%
193015,7663,1292.24%
192012,6373,3373.11%
19109,3006,17411.52%
19003,126-419-1.25%
18903,5450.00%

Vancouver Population in 2018Source: By Photo by ecstaticist via Free For Commercial Use (Flickr: High Diver) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White134,436
Two or More Races9,454
Some Other Race8,865
Asian8,767
Black or African American4,566
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,771
American Indian and Alaska Native1,123

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Vancouver Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Vancouver Median Age

36.5


Total

35.8


Male

37.3


Female

Vancouver Adults

There are 130,716 adults, (24,307 of which are seniors) in Vancouver.

Vancouver Age Dependency

59.6

Age Dependency Ratio

22.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Vancouver Sex Ratio

Female

87,263

51.34%

Male

82,719

48.66%

Vancouver Households and Families

Vancouver Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Vancouver Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married63.9%36.1%
All49.2%50.8%
Non Family39.9%60.1%
Male36.9%63.1%
Female32%68%

49.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Vancouver Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All67,3422.4949.2
Married29,1983.2763.9
Non Family26,4081.3139.9
Female8,2083.2232
Male3,5283.1736.9

3.13

Average Family Size

2.49

Average Household Size

7.3%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.4%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Vancouver Households

Vancouver Education

Vancouver Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,0403.50%
9th to 12th Grade7,4406.45%
High School Graduate29,78025.82%
Some College31,74027.52%
Associates Degree11,58110.04%
Bachelors Degree19,91617.27%
Graduate Degree10,8279.39%

Vancouver Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White90,72884,36925,210
Hispanic9,7736,4381,229
Asian6,2665,3322,574
Other Race4,6122,668411
Multiple Races3,9083,635978
Black2,8072,523596
Islander1,6511,35093
Native American682567144

The highest rate of high school graduation is among multiple races people with a rate of 93.01%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among multiple races people with a rate of 41.08%.

Vancouver Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,028$40,734$28,657
Less Than High School$22,289$26,651$17,382
High School Grad$29,460$34,746$22,308
Some College$32,962$39,249$28,415
Bachelors Degree$47,212$55,733$38,927
Graduate Degree$59,056$70,000$50,047

$35,028

Average Earnings

$40,734

Average Male

$28,657

Average Female

Vancouver Language

Vancouver Language by Age

Vancouver Language

80.10% of Vancouver residents speak only English, while 19.90% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.13% of the population.

Vancouver Poverty

Vancouver Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White122,78514,97712.20%
Hispanic20,8624,19620.11%
Other8,8442,06623.36%
Multiple9,2731,35114.57%
Black4,4701,18426.49%
Asian8,75794910.84%
Islander2,71128210.40%
Native1,05518317.35%

13.54%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.19%

Male Poverty Rate

14.80%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Vancouver

The race most likely to be in poverty in Vancouver is Black, with 26.49% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Vancouver is Islander, with 10.40% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.02%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.66%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.27%.

Vancouver Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School22.58%
High School14.07%
Some College11.62%
Bachelors or Greater4.13%

Vancouver Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed32.66%
Male Unemployed26.72%
Female Employed7.81%
Male Employed5.49%

Vancouver Income

Vancouver Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$52,004$68,208
Families$60,099$77,409
Married Families$73,357$88,558
Non Families$37,310$50,524

Vancouver Marital Status

Vancouver Marital Status

Marriage Rates

46.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.8%

Male Marriage Rate

44.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Vancouver Married by Age and Sex

Vancouver Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Vancouver Marital Status by Race

Vancouver Veterans

Vancouver Veterans by War

13,347

Number of Veterans

12,081

Male Veterans

1,266

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam4,681
First Gulf War2,620
Second Gulf War2,014
Korea1,119
World War II892

Vancouver Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 543,412
55 to 643,062
65 to 742,886
75+2,782
18 to 341,205

Vancouver Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White11,99211.21%
Hispanic6305.07%
Black37610.98%
2 or More3477.27%
Asian2673.82%
Hawaiian21010.24%
Other1302.30%
Indian253.11%

Vancouver Veterans by Education

7.87%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.15%

Veteran Disability Rate

Vancouver Employment Status

Vancouver Employment by Age

64.7%

Labor Force Participation

59.3%

Employment Rate

8.1%

Unemployment Rate

Vancouver Employment by Race

Vancouver Employment by Education

Vancouver Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

31.07%

Born in Washington

86.73%

Native Born

13.27%

Foreign Born

7.35%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

86.73% of Vancouver residents were born in the United States, with 31.07% having been born in Washington. 7.35% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.