Washington, District of Columbia Population 2018

Washington, D.C. (formally the District of Columbia) is also known as the District, D.C. or just Washington, and it's the capital of the United States. This capital district on the Potomac River was created in 1790 when both Maryland and Virginia donated land for its formation, which included areas of Alexandria and Georgetown.

Washington, D.C. is named in honor of George Washington and it was officially founded in 1791. In 2013, it's population is estimated at 643,000.

Washington, D.C. had a population estimated at 632,300 in 2012, which is believed to have grown modestly in 2013. It's now the 24th most populous city in the United States but it has the 7th largest metropolitan area with 5.7 million people. During the work week, the population of Washington, D.C. also soars to add one million more as commuters rush in from Virginia and Maryland suburbs.

When the Washington, D.C. area includes Baltimore and its suburbs, the resulting Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area has a population of more than 8.5 million, which is the 4th largest Combined Statistical Area in the United States.

The population density in the District is about 10,298 people per square mile (or 3,977 per square kilometer).

Washington DC Demographics

Most of the growth in Washington, D.C. between 2000 and 2010 was caused by young people between 20 and 34, whose numbers grew 23%. This has slowed recently, and census figures show that half of the District's population growth from 2000 to 2013 was from so-called millennials.

At the 2010 Census, people under 35 accounted for 60% of Washington, D.C.'s population, which means more babies and strong natural growth in the coming decades. Nearly 17% of the District's population is 18 or younger, which is lower than the United States average of 24%. The District also has the lowest median age (34) when compared to the 50 states.

According to data from the Census Bureau, the 2012 population of Washington, D.C. breaks down as:

  • Black or African American: 50.1%
  • White: 42.9% (non-Hispanic: 35.5%)
  • Asian: 3.8%
  • Native American Indian, Alaskan, Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.8%
  • Two or more races: 2.5%
  • Hispanics of any race: 9.9%

Washington D.C. has always had a significant African American population since it was founded. Between 1800 and 1940, African Americans accounted for about 30% of the population, which reached a peak in 1970 at 70%. This declined as many moved into the nearby suburbs, which caused gentrification and a 31% increase in the non-Hispanic white population between 2000 and 2010.

A report in 2007 found that 30% of residents in Washington, D.C. are functionally illiterate, which is much higher than the national rate of 1 in 5. The study attributed this partly to immigrants who aren't proficient in English.

Washington DC Growth

For six of the last 7 decades, Washington, D.C. was shrinking, and lost population since the 1940's with a high in 1950 of 802,178 people, which dropped to just 572,059 in 2000. This shrinking city has actually been spreading outward with massive urban sprawl, with growth that's been concentrated in the suburbs.

It seems Washington, D.C. has turned this around and is now growing fast, with its 2013 population up more than 10% over 2000, which means its finally growing faster than the suburbs. Demographers and a growing preference for the urban lifestyle among its young people means this trend will probably only strengthen.

There are now about 9,000 more people moving into the District than moving out, and its natural growth rate is adding 13,000 more every year.

While it hasn't broken through the rank of the 24th most populous city in the country, the District's growth rate has been faster than most larger cities, including Houston, Las Vegas, Seattle and Dallas, and it's one of the fastest growing cities on the East Coast. 
 According to the D.C. Chief Financial Officer, Natwar Gandhi, the District's great growth over the last few years is expected to end as housing construction and job growth slows, although there will still be growth. According to Gandhi, the growth rate of 1.8% in 2013 will drop to 1.3% in 2013, 1.1% a year later and drop to 0.8% in 2017.

By 2020, this means the District should have a population of 686,000.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017693,9729,6361.41%
2016684,33611,6001.72%
2015672,73611,9391.81%
2014660,79710,6831.64%
2013650,11414,4842.28%
2012635,63015,2942.47%
2011620,33615,2962.53%
2010605,04032,9810.56%
2000572,059-34,841-0.59%
1990606,900-31,532-0.51%
1980638,432-118,236-1.68%
1970756,668-7,288-0.10%
1960763,956-38,222-0.49%
1950802,178139,0871.92%
1940663,091176,2223.14%
1930486,86949,2981.07%
1920437,571106,5022.83%
1910331,06952,3511.74%
1900278,71848,3261.92%
1890230,39283,0994.58%
1880147,29338,0943.04%
1870109,19948,0775.97%
186061,12221,1214.33%
185040,00116,6375.52%
184023,3644,5382.18%
183018,8265,5793.58%
182013,2475,0394.90%
18108,2084,9989.84%
18003,2100.00%

Washington Dc Population in 2018Source: � T�relio (via Wikimedia-Commons), 2000�/

Population by Race

Race Population
Black or African American318,598
White266,035
Some Other Race29,650
Asian24,036
Two or More Races18,245
American Indian and Alaska Native2,174
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander271

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Washington Dc Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Male Population0%2%4%6%8%10%12% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Washington Dc Median Age

33.8


Total

33.6


Male

34


Female

Washington Dc Adults

There are 544,341 adults, (75,127 of which are seniors) in Washington Dc.

Washington Dc Age Dependency

40.5

Age Dependency Ratio

16

Old Age Dependency Ratio

24.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Washington Dc Sex Ratio

Female

346,380

52.56%

Male

312,629

47.44%

Washington Dc Households and Families

Washington Dc Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Washington Dc Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64.6%35.4%
All40.7%59.3%
Male38%62%
Non Family33%67%
Female31%69%

40.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Washington Dc Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All276,5462.2440.7
Non Family155,4451.433
Married68,7073.1164.6
Female42,3293.6231
Male10,0653.3638

3.19

Average Family Size

2.24

Average Household Size

5.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

1.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Washington Dc Households

Washington Dc Education

Washington Dc Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade18,6124.02%
9th to 12th Grade27,8986.03%
High School Graduate83,36718.01%
Some College62,30813.46%
Associates Degree14,4963.13%
Bachelors Degree108,25223.38%
Graduate Degree148,06431.98%

Washington Dc Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black213,323181,35052,992
White181,276180,156164,620
Hispanic43,84231,13118,750
Asian18,25517,03514,225
Other Race18,01610,6144,715
Multiple Races10,0059,3566,787
Native American1,6301,489709
Islander259259165

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 90.81%.

Washington Dc Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$56,747$61,919$52,439
Less Than High School$22,225$24,317$21,114
High School Grad$29,210$30,226$27,880
Some College$37,496$40,302$35,152
Bachelors Degree$63,708$70,796$58,297
Graduate Degree$86,625$97,393$77,655

$56,747

Average Earnings

$61,919

Average Male

$52,439

Average Female

Washington Dc Language

Washington Dc Language by Age

Washington Dc Language

82.57% of Washington Dc residents speak only English, while 17.43% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 8.79% of the population.

Washington Dc Poverty

Washington Dc Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black304,73780,49626.41%
White221,17616,0737.27%
Hispanic66,78210,85816.26%
Other29,1316,25521.47%
Asian21,7273,22714.85%
Multiple16,9922,10812.41%
Native2,15030914.37%
Islander271103.69%

17.93%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.53%

Male Poverty Rate

19.19%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Washington Dc

The race most likely to be in poverty in Washington Dc is Black, with 26.41% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Washington Dc is Islander, with 3.69% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.94%. Among those working part-time, it was 23.56%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.96%.

Washington Dc Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School34.77%
High School24.29%
Some College17.28%
Bachelors or Greater5.46%

Washington Dc Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed47.46%
Male Unemployed35.82%
Female Employed7.26%
Male Employed5.23%

Washington Dc Income

Washington Dc Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$72,935$110,614
Families$89,023$139,260
Married Families$150,788$199,246
Non Families$62,581$85,667

Washington Dc Marital Status

Washington Dc Marital Status

Marriage Rates

28.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

30.8%

Male Marriage Rate

25.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Washington Dc Married by Age and Sex

Washington Dc Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Washington Dc Marital Status by Race

Washington Dc Veterans

Washington Dc Veterans by War

27,754

Number of Veterans

24,416

Male Veterans

3,338

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam8,040
First Gulf War5,920
Second Gulf War5,784
Korea2,747
World War II1,730

Washington Dc Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 547,120
75+6,691
55 to 645,608
65 to 745,252
18 to 343,083

Washington Dc Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
Black15,9306.38%
White10,6134.54%
Hispanic1,3802.70%
2 or More5944.89%
Other3101.46%
Asian2251.03%
Indian824.34%

Washington Dc Veterans by Education

10.98%

Veteran Poverty Rate

23.72%

Veteran Disability Rate

Washington Dc Employment Status

Washington Dc Employment by Age

69.4%

Labor Force Participation

62.8%

Employment Rate

8.7%

Unemployment Rate

Washington Dc Employment by Race

Washington Dc Employment by Education

Washington Dc Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

36.72%

Born in District of Columbia

85.96%

Native Born

14.04%

Foreign Born

8.19%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

85.96% of Washington Dc residents were born in the United States, with 36.72% having been born in District of Columbia. 8.19% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.