Wichita, Kansas Population 2018

Wichita is a city located in the state of Kansas. It serves as the county seat of Sedgwick County. It is also the largest city by population in Kansas, with recent estimates putting the population at 389,902 people. Wichita is an industrial hub and it is also a center of trade, media and culture.

Wichita History

It is believed that the area that is now Wichita was inhabited as far back as 3000 BC. The Wichita people were inhabiting the area when Europeans arrived in 1541. However, the Wichita people left the area and moved south following conflict with the Osage people during the 1700s. The area was originally claimed by France but was acquired by the US during the Louisiana Purchase.

During the Civil War, the Wichita people returned and built a settlement. A trading post was also established. When the war ended, the Wichita once again relocated to what is now known as Oklahoma. In 1868, another trading post was established and shortly thereafter, a house was built that was used as a post office, hotel and community center. The population began to grow as hunters and traders saw business opportunities in the area. In 1870, plats outlining the first streets of Wichita were filed and later that year, Wichita was incorporated as a city.

The city’s role as a cattle drive destination and the railroad coming to the area resulted in further population growth. The city expanded into the 1880s as more immigrants came to the area. During this time period, Fairmount College was established, later becoming Wichita State University. Friends University was also opened as Garfield University. Before the 1900s arrived, the city had already established itself as the most populous in the state. However, an economic recession resulted in bankruptcy for many of the original settlers.

The city bounced back after oil and natural gas deposits were discovered in the early 1900s. The city became prosperous with the many refineries opened during the 1910s and 1920s. This economic boom led to investment in the airplane manufacturing industry. It soon became a center of the industry and was known as “Air Capital of the World.” The city continued to expand and the economy flourished over the next few decades.

During World War II, the population grew again as the city was a major manufacturing center. The 19tha and 20th centuries saw the introduction of other brands and businesses, including Lear Jet Corporation, Coleman camping retailer, and franchises including Pizza Hut.

Through the 1990s and 2000s, the city government has partnered with local organizations to redevelop the downtown area and gaining neighborhoods. Additional businesses have made their homes in Wichita and new developments, such as the Intrust Bank Arena, have been built.

Wichita Demographics

Wichita has a population of over 389,000 residents, which makes it the 48th largest city in the US in addition to being the most populous in the state. The city’s borders stretch across over 163 square miles, and the population density is about 2,300 people per square mile.

The majority of the city of Wichita is white, making up over 71% of the population. Over 11% of the population is African American, while nearly 5% is Asian. Over 15% of the population is Hispanic or Latino.

The largest age group is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up 26.9% of the total population. Over 26% of the population are under age 18, while just 11.5% are at least 65 years old. Almost one-quarter of Wichita’s inhabitants are 45 to 64 years old. Approximately 15.8% of the population lives below the federal poverty line. There is a slightly higher ratio of female to male residents, with females making up 50.7% of the population and males making up the remaining 49.3%. The cost of living in Wichita falls well below the national average.

Wichita Population Growth

Wichita has seen continuous population growth since its incorporation as a city. By the 1930s, the city had well over 100,000 inhabitants. This number had more than doubled by 1960. At the time of the census taken in 1990, the city’s population had grown to over 300,000. Wichita’s growth has slowed slightly since the last census in 2010, but so far, estimates show that the population has risen by 2%. This indicates that while Wichita may not be growing as rapidly as it once was, it still has a lot of growing left to do.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2017390,5914750.12%
2016390,1161,0350.27%
2015389,0817480.19%
2014388,3331,1550.30%
2013387,1781,4580.38%
2012385,7202,0570.54%
2011383,6639200.24%
2010382,74338,4591.06%
2000344,28440,2731.25%
1990304,01124,1730.83%
1980279,8383,2840.12%
1970276,55421,8560.83%
1960254,69886,4194.23%
1950168,27953,3133.88%
1940114,9663,8560.34%
1930111,11038,8934.40%
192072,21719,7673.25%
191052,45027,7797.83%
190024,6718180.34%
189023,85318,94217.12%
18804,9110.00%

Wichita Population in 2018Source: By No machine-readable author provided. Infilms assumed (based on copyright claims). [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White295,824
Black or African American43,636
Asian19,437
Two or More Races15,391
Some Other Race9,665
American Indian and Alaska Native3,982
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander98

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Wichita Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Wichita Median Age

34.4


Total

33.6


Male

35.2


Female

Wichita Adults

There are 287,144 adults, (49,280 of which are seniors) in Wichita.

Wichita Age Dependency

63.1

Age Dependency Ratio

20.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

42.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Wichita Sex Ratio

Female

196,723

50.70%

Male

191,310

49.30%

Wichita Households and Families

Wichita Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Wichita Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.2%19.8%
All59.7%40.3%
Male55.6%44.4%
Non Family43.7%56.3%
Female40.2%59.8%

59.7%

Rate of Home Ownership

Wichita Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All151,3302.5359.7
Married65,9383.380.2
Non Family58,7781.2243.7
Female19,4713.5540.2
Male7,1433.3755.6

3.27

Average Family Size

2.53

Average Household Size

5.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Wichita Households

Wichita Education

Wichita Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade11,3074.55%
9th to 12th Grade19,9248.02%
High School Graduate66,13626.62%
Some College62,11425.00%
Associates Degree17,2496.94%
Bachelors Degree47,18618.99%
Graduate Degree24,5719.89%

Wichita Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White174,719162,40958,834
Hispanic29,69817,7433,767
Black25,24721,7323,721
Asian12,5799,8203,963
Other Race5,3333,134540
Multiple Races5,1674,6221,362
Native American2,4071,905395
Islander989844

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 44.90%.

Wichita Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,257$41,234$27,449
Less Than High School$22,693$29,448$16,299
High School Grad$27,483$32,888$22,462
Some College$31,793$38,922$26,627
Bachelors Degree$45,924$58,764$36,473
Graduate Degree$56,307$74,827$49,383

$34,257

Average Earnings

$41,234

Average Male

$27,449

Average Female

Wichita Language

Wichita Language by Age

Wichita Language

83.11% of Wichita residents speak only English, while 16.89% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 11.27% of the population.

Wichita Poverty

Wichita Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White242,59929,45212.14%
Hispanic63,17117,22927.27%
Black42,87412,82629.92%
Multiple15,1013,69624.48%
Asian19,1492,39012.48%
Other9,6061,96920.50%
Native3,90480020.49%

17.14%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.04%

Male Poverty Rate

18.21%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Wichita

The race most likely to be in poverty in Wichita is Black, with 29.92% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Wichita is White, with 12.14% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.05%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.88%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.43%.

Wichita Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.80%
High School17.66%
Some College11.63%
Bachelors or Greater4.66%

Wichita Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.70%
Male Unemployed30.44%
Female Employed10.30%
Male Employed7.84%

Wichita Income

Wichita Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$46,775$63,677
Families$60,272$77,877
Married Families$74,759$92,534
Non Families$29,162$39,152

Wichita Marital Status

Wichita Marital Status

Marriage Rates

47.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.2%

Male Marriage Rate

45.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Wichita Married by Age and Sex

Wichita Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35To44.

Wichita Marital Status by Race

Wichita Veterans

Wichita Veterans by War

24,911

Number of Veterans

23,111

Male Veterans

1,800

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam8,918
First Gulf War4,393
Second Gulf War3,952
Korea2,488
World War II1,593

Wichita Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 546,510
75+5,616
65 to 745,603
55 to 645,106
18 to 342,076

Wichita Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White21,0039.36%
Black2,5558.50%
Hispanic1,1493.09%
2 or More5317.51%
Indian29210.14%
Other2674.01%
Asian2221.50%
Hawaiian4141.84%

Wichita Veterans by Education

7.13%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.95%

Veteran Disability Rate

Wichita Employment Status

Wichita Employment by Age

66.4%

Labor Force Participation

61.6%

Employment Rate

6.6%

Unemployment Rate

Wichita Employment by Race

Wichita Employment by Education

Wichita Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

62.46%

Born in Kansas

89.67%

Native Born

10.33%

Foreign Born

5.92%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

89.67% of Wichita residents were born in the United States, with 62.46% having been born in Kansas. 5.92% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.