Winston-Salem, North Carolina Population 2018

Winston-Salem is a city located in the state of North Carolina. It is located in Forsyth County, where it serves as the county seat. It is part of the Piedmont Triad region. The city has a long and very interesting history that has led to such nicknames as “Camel City” for its connection with the tobacco industry and “City of Arts and Innovation.” Winston-Salem is the fifth most populous city in the state with recent estimates showing a population of 242,203 people.

Winston-Salem History

Winston-Salem has an interesting name as the result of a merger between the towns of Salem and Winston. Salem was originally founded in 1753 and was incorporated as a town in 1856. A new town was formed in 1849 that was named Winston. Unlike Salem, Winston was a small town that saw little growth in its earliest years. However, growth soon picked up with the connection through the North Carolina Railroad and the establishment of a tobacco warehouse. By the end of the 1880s, the town had a total of nearly 40 tobacco factories. The post office referred to the neighboring towns as Winston-Salem, which led to the establishment of a separate post office in the late 19th century. In 1913, the towns were merged and incorporated as Winston-Salem. In the 1920s, Winston-Salem’s population had grown so large, it was the largest city in the state.

After the merger, tobacco continued to play a large role in the area. The Reynolds family operated R. J. Reynolds Tobacco, which employed many of the town’s workers. The Reynolds Building, which served as headquarters for the company, was the tallest building in the country at the time it was built in 1929. The company also purchased land to build 180 houses that it turned around and sold to its workers. Today, the city still remains one of the primary manufacturing centers for Reynolds brand cigarettes.

The city only continued to grow in the years that followed. In the 1930s, the first Krispy Kreme was opened in Winston-Salem, and the city remains home to the company’s corporate headquarters today. Other businesses have made their way into Winston-Salem, which is the location of corporate headquarters for companies including Lowes Foods, HanesBrands and Blue Rhino. Though the city’s economy was formerly centered on textiles and tobacco, more recently nanotech, bio-tech and high-tech fields have grown in population. Medical research is also a growing industry, with the Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center growing to become the largest employer in the city.

Winston-Salem Demographics

Winston Salem’s estimated population tops 242,000. Its last official population count was 229,617 and was recorded during the 2010 census. The city is spread out across 133.7 square miles and has a population density of 1,700 people per square mile.

Over 51% of Winston-Salem’s residents are white. Over 34% are black, 2% are black, while 14.7% are Hispanic or Latino. Approximately 53% of the residents of the city are female, and almost 28% of companies are owned by women. Over 20% of Winston-Salem’s population lives below the federal poverty line.

This city is known for being one of the most religious in the state. Over 54% of residents are affiliated with a religion. The largest religious group is Baptists, which make up almost 16% of the total religious population. Other religions observed in Winston-Salem include Methodist, Catholicism, and Lutheran, just to name a few. There are also a minority of residents that follow Eastern religions.

The city’s economy is primarily centered on the health care industry. The Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center is Winston-Salem’s biggest employer, providing jobs to over 11,000 people. Novant Health, Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools, the city and county governments, and Reynolds American are also top employers, providing jobs to thousands of people throughout Winston-Salem.

Winston-Salem Population Growth

Winston-Salem has continuously seen growth in its population at almost every 10-year census. The city reached over 100,000 residents at the time of the 1960 census and continued to reflect steady growth before surpassing 200,000 residents by the time of the 2010 census. Though growth has slowed a bit, recent estimates show that the population is up 5.5% since the last census, indicating that the city will soon hit its next milestone of 250,000 residents.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017244,6052,8001.16%
2016241,8051,7970.75%
2015240,0081,2820.54%
2014238,7262,8081.19%
2013235,9181,8950.81%
2012234,0231,9570.84%
2011232,0662,0190.88%
2010230,04744,27123.83%
2000185,77642,29129.47%
1990143,48511,6008.80%
1980131,885-1,798-1.34%
1970133,68322,54820.29%
1960111,13523,32426.56%
195087,8117,99610.02%
194079,8154,5416.03%
193075,27426,87955.54%
192048,39525,695113.19%
191022,7009,00065.69%
190013,7003,00028.04%
189010,7006,600160.98%
18804,1003,700925.00%
18704000.00%

Winston Salem Population in 2018Source: By Vasiliymeshko [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Population by Race

Race Population
White135,142
Black or African American83,275
Some Other Race8,964
Two or More Races5,747
Asian4,802
American Indian and Alaska Native355
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander189

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Winston Salem Population Pyramid 2018

0k0k0k0k0k Male Population0k0k0k0k0k Female Population757065605550454035302520151050

Winston Salem Median Age

35


Total

33.6


Male

36.2


Female

Lancaster Adults

There are 185,411 adults in Winston Salem.

Winston Salem Age Dependency

60.1

Age Dependency Ratio

21.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

38.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Winston Salem Housing Indicators

Indicator Value
Median Number of Rooms (per House)
5.3
Houses Without Mortgage
16,147
Houses With Mortgage
34,962
Vacancy Rate
10.7
Median Rent
734
Median Home Value
142,400
Renter-Occupied Units
43,294
Owner-Occupied Units
51,109
Total Housing Units
105,723

This chart shows the employment and labor force participation rates in Winston Salem for residents over 16 years of age. The 2015 unemployment rate is 6.2% and the labor force participation rate is 62.5%.

Winston Salem Family/Household Indicators

Indicator Value
Average Household Size
2.42
Average Family Size
3.17
Total Households
94403
Married Couple Households
36012
Male Householder (no wife) Families
4220
Female Householder (no husband) Families
15527
Non Family Households
38644
Total Families
55759
Households With Own Children
26486
Unmarried Partner Households (Opposite Sex)
5.5
Unmarried Partner Households (Same Sex)
0.4

Winston Salem Income Distribution

Indicator Value
Under $10,000
9,619
$10,000 to $14,999
6,764
$15,000 to $24,999
13,154
$25,000 to $34,999
11,997
$35,000 to $49,999
13,464
$50,000 to $74,999
15,626
$75,000 to $99,999
8,921
$100,000 to $149,999
8,113
$150,000 to $199,999
2,524
Over $200,000
4,221

Winston Salem Household Income

Income

Median

Mean

Winston Salem

North Carolina

$40,898

$48,256

$63,810

$67,367

Under 10k10k - 15k15k - 25k25k - 35k35k - 50k50k - 75k75k - 100k100k - 150k150k - 200kOver 200k00.0450.090.1350.18

Winston Salem Education Data

Winston Salem Educational Attainment (over 25)

Indicator Value Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade
8,9005.83%
9th to 12th Grade
12,3248.08%
High School Graduate
36,50123.92%
Some College
32,00920.98%
Associates Degree
10,6817.00%
Bachelors Degree
31,41020.59%
Graduate Degree
20,74513.60%