Jefferson County, Alabama Population 2018

Jefferson County, Alabama's estimated population is 659,197 with a growth rate of 0.02% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Jefferson County, Alabama is the 1st largest county in Alabama.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2017659,1971010.02%
2016659,096-651-0.10%
2016659,747-340-0.05%
2015660,0875430.08%
2014659,5448170.12%
2013658,7271,0590.16%
2012657,668-121-0.02%
2011657,789-259-0.04%
2010658,0486,5231.00%
1990651,525-19,799-2.95%
1980671,32426,3334.08%
1970644,99110,1271.60%
1960634,86475,93613.59%
1950558,92898,99821.52%
1940459,93028,4376.59%
1930431,493121,43939.17%
1920310,05483,57836.90%
1910226,47686,05661.28%
1900140,42051,91958.66%
189088,50165,229280.29%
188023,27210,92788.51%
187012,3455995.10%
186011,7462,75730.67%
18508,9891,85826.06%
18407,1312764.03%
18306,8550.00%

Jefferson County, Alabama Population Growth

Population Data via

Population by Race

Race Population
White345,499
Black or African American280,248
Some Other Race12,185
Asian9,932
Two or More Races9,567
American Indian and Alaska Native1,467
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander198

Race Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey)

Jefferson County, Alabama Population Pyramid 2018

0%2%4%6%8% Male Population0%2%4%6%8% Female Population80757065605550454035302520151050

Data via US Census (2016 ACS 5-Year Survey): Table S0101

Jefferson County, Alabama Median Age

37.5


Total

35.8


Male

39.1


Female

Jefferson County, Alabama Adults

There are 506,845 adults, (94,251 of which are seniors) in Jefferson County, Alabama.

Jefferson County, Alabama Age Dependency

59.9

Age Dependency Ratio

22.9

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37

Child Dependency Ratio

Jefferson County, Alabama Sex Ratio

Female

347,125

52.67%

Male

311,971

47.33%

Jefferson County, Alabama Households and Families

Jefferson County, Alabama Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Jefferson County, Alabama Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married82.4%17.6%
All63%37%
Male58.4%41.6%
Non Family51%49%
Female44%56%

63.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Jefferson County, Alabama Households by Type

Type Count Average Size Owned
All261,7732.4663
Married107,6193.1482.4
Non Family96,1361.251
Female47,1953.2944
Male10,8233.1858.4

3.13

Average Family Size

2.46

Average Household Size

3.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Jefferson County, Alabama Households

Jefferson County, Alabama Education

Jefferson County, Alabama Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade13,7753.09%
9th to 12th Grade35,3197.92%
High School Graduate118,11126.48%
Some College103,87223.28%
Associates Degree34,7667.79%
Bachelors Degree84,84319.02%
Graduate Degree55,41112.42%

Jefferson County, Alabama Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White243,007223,83698,558
Black178,976155,10333,886
Hispanic12,5747,7062,047
Asian6,7346,0254,057
Other Race5,8893,137373
Multiple Races4,0833,7521,557
Native American1,101876274
Islander1067830

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.11%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 60.25%.

Jefferson County, Alabama Earnings by Educational Attainment

Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,814$41,991$30,706
Less Than High School$18,438$21,791$14,014
High School Grad$26,284$31,289$21,811
Some College$31,261$37,498$26,907
Bachelors Degree$49,522$63,024$40,678
Graduate Degree$60,195$79,178$52,377

$35,814

Average Earnings

$41,991

Average Male

$30,706

Average Female

Jefferson County, Alabama Language

Jefferson County, Alabama Language by Age

Jefferson County, Alabama Language

94.04% of Jefferson County, Alabama residents speak only English, while 5.96% speak other languages. The largest non-English language is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.45% of the population.

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black274,25173,92226.95%
White326,76431,3099.58%
Hispanic23,9238,27234.58%
Other11,8864,69139.47%
Multiple9,3282,37925.50%
Asian9,6727307.55%
Native1,39836426.04%
Islander1952311.79%

18.10%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.45%

Male Poverty Rate

19.59%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Jefferson County, Alabama

The race most likely to be in poverty in Jefferson County, Alabama is Other, with 39.47% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Jefferson County, Alabama is Asian, with 7.55% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.54%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.86%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.84%.

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty Rate by Education

Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.72%
High School17.67%
Some College14.16%
Bachelors or Greater4.65%

Jefferson County, Alabama Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Name Poverty
Female Unemployed46.28%
Male Unemployed37.61%
Female Employed10.00%
Male Employed6.44%

Jefferson County, Alabama Income

Jefferson County, Alabama Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$47,220$68,834
Families$62,153$84,269
Married Families$83,485$107,531
Non Families$29,289$40,719

Jefferson County, Alabama Marital Status

Jefferson County, Alabama Marital Status

Marriage Rates

43.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.9%

Male Marriage Rate

40.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Jefferson County, Alabama Married by Age and Sex

Jefferson County, Alabama Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45To54.

Jefferson County, Alabama Marital Status by Race

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by War

40,286

Number of Veterans

37,011

Male Veterans

3,275

Female Veterans

Name Veterans
Vietnam14,403
First Gulf War7,606
Second Gulf War5,908
Korea3,635
World War II2,510

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by Age

Name Veterans
35 to 549,748
55 to 649,540
75+9,020
65 to 748,987
18 to 342,991

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White23,1158.33%
Black16,3537.88%
Hispanic4983.33%
2 or More4187.90%
Indian15312.56%
Other1371.97%
Asian871.15%
Hawaiian2317.83%

Jefferson County, Alabama Veterans by Education

9.70%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.54%

Veteran Disability Rate

Jefferson County, Alabama Employment Status

Jefferson County, Alabama Employment by Age

61.9%

Labor Force Participation

56.8%

Employment Rate

8.2%

Unemployment Rate

Jefferson County, Alabama Employment by Race

Jefferson County, Alabama Employment by Education

Population of Cities in Jefferson County, Alabama

City 2010 Census 2016 Estimated Growth Growth Rate
Birmingham 212204212157-47-0.02%
Hoover 809968497839824.92%
Vestavia Hills 34154346885341.56%
Bessemer2746726511-956-3.48%
Homewood25163256134501.79%
Trussville 200002142214227.11%
Mountain Brook20485205901050.51%
Helena 1695818673171510.11%
Center Point1692016496-424-2.51%
Hueytown1611715561-556-3.45%
Gardendale1389013783-107-0.77%
Irondale123541235950.04%
Leeds 11772119401681.43%
Fairfield1111310807-306-2.75%
Pleasant Grove1010810177690.68%
Clay96899587-102-1.05%
Fultondale838090847048.40%
Pinson74677426-41-0.55%
Tarrant63946268-126-1.97%
Midfield53635171-192-3.58%
Adamsville45224360-162-3.58%
Argo 407142131423.49%
Warrior31763192160.50%
Kimberly2693296427110.06%
Brighton29452833-112-3.80%
Sumiton 25152407-108-4.29%
Lake View 1997224725012.52%
Lipscomb22102133-77-3.48%
Graysville21582107-51-2.36%
Morris18591933743.98%
Sylvan Springs15421509-33-2.14%
Brookside13631323-40-2.93%
Mulga836822-14-1.67%
Trafford 646627-19-2.94%
Maytown385371-14-3.64%
West Jefferson336331-5-1.49%
County Line 25826020.78%
North Johns145141-4-2.76%
Cardiff5554-1-1.82%
Data Sources
  1. US Census City/Town Population estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  2. Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 - 1990