Accra Population 2018

Accra is the capital of the Republic of Ghana. It is also the most populous city in the country. The city is one of the most urban in the country, and it has developed significantly since the 1990s with the addition of nightclubs, hotels, restaurants and other buildings. The most recent estimates show that the population of urbanized Accra is 2.27 million.

Accra Size

Accra's urban area covers 225.67 square kilometers of land, while the entire metropolis has grown to nearly 900 square kilometers. In the metro area, the population density is approximately 1,300 people per square kilometer.

Accra Demographics

One of the most interesting things to note about the demographics of Accra is the high population of younger residents. Approximately 56% of the population are under the age of 24. This trend is not expected to change in the coming years. There is a slightly higher population of males than females in the city, which is on par with numbers recorded across the country.

Data show the about 45% of Accra’s residents are immigrants that originally lived in other African countries. However, migration rates are expected to decrease in the future. There are multiple low-income housing areas located in Accra, with about 58% of the total population living in one of these areas.

Major ethnic groups of Accra include Akan, Ga-Dangme and Ewe. The largest religious groups is Christians, which make up 83% of the population. Muslims make up 10.2% of the population, and 4.6% claim no religion.

Accra History

During the late 1800s, the city was captured by the British. It was in 1877 that the city was designated as the capital of the Gold Coast. It was during this time that the city began to expand and its population grew. Boundaries continued to expand throughout the early 1900s.

A turning point for the city occurred in 1908 with the construction of the Accra-Kumasi railway, which connected Accra to other regions in Ghana.

After World War II, the city of Accra’s central business district was developed. Rural migrants also settled in surrounding neighborhoods, resulting in shanty-towns. Further development of the town was planned to include a country club, polo and cricket fields, and ornamental fountains and statues. However, Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah developed his own plan that focused more on pride and nationalism.

Today, the city is a business and transportation hub in Ghana. It is home to many popular tourist attractions, including the Academy of Arts and Science and the National Theater. The city also boasts a multi-story hotel, restaurants, and other buildings that were built during the 1990s. The city’s economy is reliant upon the finance and commercial sectors and industries including processed food, textiles and lumber.

Accra Population Growth

Accra has seen its population grow throughout the years, particularly with immigration. However, decentralization is expected to reduce migration rates, which could have an impact on future population growth. Still, the city has a high number of young residents and this trend is not expected to slow. Given the city’s role within Ghana, it can only be expected that Accra will see continued growth well into the future.

Accra Population in 2018Source: By Kwasiog [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Accra Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
20353,632,2842.65%444,826
20303,187,4582.71%399,074
20252,788,3842.09%274,379
20202,514,0051.52%74,616
20182,439,3892.14%149,828
20152,289,5612.13%229,485
20102,060,0762.13%206,269
20051,853,8072.13%185,567
20001,668,2403.34%252,742
19951,415,4983.41%218,337
19901,197,1613.41%184,660
19851,012,5013.24%149,367
1980863,1343.19%125,347
1975737,7873.19%107,117
1970630,6704.80%131,721
1965498,9494.91%106,367
1960392,5828.19%127,674
1955264,9088.38%87,761
1950177,1470.00%
Accra Population Growth

Accra's 2018 population is now estimated at 2,439,389. In 1950, the population of Accra was 177,147. Accra has grown by 149,828 since 2015, which represents a 2.14% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Accra, which typically includes Accra's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Data Sources
  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations