Accra Population 2017

Accra is the capital of the Republic of Ghana. It is also the most populous city in the country. The city is one of the most urban in the country, and it has developed significantly since the 1990s with the addition of nightclubs, hotels, restaurants and other buildings. The most recent estimates show that the population of Accra is 2.27 million.

Accra Demographics

One of the most interesting things to note about the demographics of Accra is the high population of younger residents. Approximately 56% of the population are under the age of 24. This trend is not expected to change in the coming years. There is a slightly higher population of males than females in the city, which is on par with numbers recorded across the country.

Data show the about 45% of Accra’s residents are immigrants that originally lived in other African countries. However, migration rates are expected to decrease in the future. There are multiple low-income housing areas located in Accra, with about 58% of the total population living in one of these areas.

Major ethnic groups of Accra include Akan, Ga-Dangme and Ewe. The largest religious groups is Christians, which make up 83% of the population. Muslims make up 10.2% of the population, and 4.6% claim no religion.

Accra History

During the late 1800s, the city was captured by the British. It was in 1877 that the city was designated as the capital of the Gold Coast. It was during this time that the city began to expand and its population grew. Boundaries continued to expand throughout the early 1900s.

A turning point for the city occurred in 1908 with the construction of the Accra-Kumasi railway, which connected Accra to other regions in Ghana.

After World War II, the city of Accra’s central business district was developed. Mural migrants also settled in surrounding neighborhoods, resulting in shanty-towns. Further development of the town was planned to include a country club, polo and cricket fields, and ornamental fountains and statues. However, Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah developed his own plan that focused more on pride and nationalism.

Today, the city is a business and transportation hub in Ghana. It is home to many popular tourist attractions, including the Academy of Arts and Science and the National Theater. The city also boasts a multi-story hotel, restaurants, and other buildings that were built during the 1990s. The city’s economy is reliant upon the finance and commercial sectors and industries including processed food, textiles and lumber.

Accra Population Growth

Accra has seen its population grow throughout the years, particularly with immigration. However, decentralization is expected to reduce migration rates, which could have an impact on future population growth. Still, the city has a high number of young residents and this trend is not expected to slow. Given the city’s role within Ghana, it can only be expected that Accra will see continued growth well into the future.

Accra Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
20303,262,00013.66%392,000
20252,870,00014.02%353,000
20202,517,0006.74%159,000
20172,358,0003.56%81,000
201546,281,000-1.24%-581,000
20152,277,00010.53%217,000
20102,060,00011.11%206,000
201046,862,0001.60%736,000
20051,854,00011.15%186,000
20001,668,00017.88%253,000
19951,415,00018.21%218,000
19901,197,00018.16%184,000
199046,126,000-0.10%-48,000
19851,013,00017.38%150,000
198046,174,00020.98%8,007,000
1980863,00016.94%125,000
1975738,00016.96%107,000
1970631,00026.45%132,000
197038,167,000-0.76%-291,000
1965499,00026.97%106,000
1960393,00048.30%128,000
196038,458,000-0.92%-357,000
1955265,00049.72%88,000
1950177,0000.00%0
195038,815,0002.72%1,026,000
194037,789,0000.91%340,000
193037,449,0009.71%3,316,000
192034,133,000-0.46%-158,000
191034,291,00010.63%3,296,000
190030,995,00031.87%7,490,000
189023,505,00022.92%4,383,000
188019,122,00038.29%5,295,000
187013,827,00016.44%1,952,000
186011,875,000-4.55%-566,000
185012,441,00035.66%3,270,000
18409,171,00035.61%2,408,000
18306,763,00027.08%1,441,000
18205,322,00079.55%2,358,000
18102,964,000-9.14%-298,000
Accra Population Growth

Accra's 2017 population is now estimated at 2,358,000. In 1950, the population of Accra was 177,000. Accra has grown by 81,000 in the last year, which represents a 3.56% change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Accra, which typically includes Accra's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Data Sources
  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations