Bali Population 2017

Bali is an island city that is a province of Indonesia. The city has become known as a center for culture in Indonesia, and its role as a popular tourist destination has boosted its economy, making it a desirable place to live. This can be seen by the population growth that it has experienced in recent years, with recent estimates placing the estimation at over 4.2 million.

Bali Demographics

One of the most important things to note about Bali’s demographics is that it is home to the largest Hindu minority in Indonesia. About 83.5% of the population follows Balinese Hinduism. Other religions practiced in Bali include Christianity, Buddhism and Islam.

The city is home to a large number of expatriates, with an estimated 30,000 living on the island. The most widely spoken languages are Balinese and Indonesian, although Indonesian is the only official language. Most residents can speak two or three languages. English and Chinese are the primary foreign languages spoken, particularly because of the city’s role in tourism.

Most of the people that live in Bali are Balinese, accounting for 90% of the population. Other ethnic groups include Javanese, Baliaga, and Madurese.

A DNA study was conducted in 2005 which found that approximately 84% of Balinese people were of Austronesian descent, 12% were of Indian origin and 2% were Melanesian origin.

Bali History

Bali’s history is thought to have begun around 2000 BC by migrants from Southeast Asia and Oceania. From its early beginnings, Bali was strongly influenced by Indian, Hindu and Chinese culture.

Europeans first arrived at the island in 1512. The Dutch arrived in 1597, and hundreds of years later, began exercising political and economic control over the island. In the late 1800s, Balinese kingdoms were exploited in order for the Dutch to gain more control. In the early 1900s, the Dutch moved in to take over, and hundreds of Balinese people committed suicide to avoid surrendering. The Dutch later took administrative control over Bali but allowed the local government to retain control over religion and culture.

It wasn’t until the late 1940s when the country of Indonesia, including Bali, gained its independence from the Dutch. In the years that followed, the city faced some dark times, including the eruption of Mount Agung which displaced and killed thousands. There were also conflict among the social divisions in Indonesia, and attacks in the 2000s that had an impact on tourism.

However, the island has remained resilient and has bounced back. It remains a popular tourist destination for people all over the world, and tourism contributes to 80% of the local economy. It is also highly renowned for its arts and culture.

Bali Population Growth

The city’s population at the time of the 2010 Census was recorded as 3.89 million. However, estimates today put the population at over 4.2 million, showing that the island is experiencing significant population growth. Since the 1980s, the city has experienced rapid growth and because of the island’s rich culture and history and economy that is significantly boosted by tourism, the population growth is only expected to climb higher in the years ahead.

Bali Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
2030973,00011.58%101,000
2025872,00014.29%109,000
2020763,0009.47%66,000
2017697,0006.41%42,000
2015655,00016.76%94,000
2010561,00017.12%82,000
2005479,00016.83%69,000
2000410,00015.82%56,000
1995354,00014.94%46,000
1990308,0004.76%14,000
1985294,0007.69%21,000
1980273,00047.57%88,000
1975185,00041.22%54,000
1970131,00022.43%24,000
1965107,00022.99%20,000
196087,00019.18%14,000
195573,00019.67%12,000
195061,0000.00%0
Bali Population Growth

Bali's 2017 population is now estimated at 697,000. In 1950, the population of Bali was 61,000. Bali has grown by 42,000 in the last year, which represents a 6.41% change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Bali, which typically includes Bali's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Data Sources
  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations