Bali Population 2018

Bali is an island city that is a province of Indonesia. The city has become known as a center for culture in Indonesia, and its role as a popular tourist destination has boosted its economy, making it a desirable place to live. This can be seen by the population growth that it has experienced in recent years, with recent estimates placing the estimation at over 4.2 million.

Size of Bali

Bali covers an area of 5,780 square kilometers.

Bali Demographics

One of the most important things to note about Bali’s demographics is that it is home to the largest Hindu minority in Indonesia. About 83.5% of the population follows Balinese Hinduism. Other religions practiced in Bali include Christianity, Buddhism and Islam.

The city is home to a large number of expatriates, with an estimated 30,000 living on the island. The most widely spoken languages are Balinese and Indonesian, although Indonesian is the only official language. Most residents can speak two or three languages. English and Chinese are the primary foreign languages spoken, particularly because of the city’s role in tourism.

Most of the people that live in Bali are Balinese, accounting for 90% of the population. Other ethnic groups include Javanese, Baliaga, and Madurese.

A DNA study was conducted in 2005 which found that approximately 84% of Balinese people were of Austronesian descent, 12% were of Indian origin and 2% were Melanesian origin.

Bali History

Bali’s history is thought to have begun around 2000 BC by migrants from Southeast Asia and Oceania. From its early beginnings, Bali was strongly influenced by Indian, Hindu and Chinese culture.

Europeans first arrived at the island in 1512. The Dutch arrived in 1597, and hundreds of years later, began exercising political and economic control over the island. In the late 1800s, Balinese kingdoms were exploited in order for the Dutch to gain more control. In the early 1900s, the Dutch moved in to take over, and hundreds of Balinese people committed suicide to avoid surrendering. The Dutch later took administrative control over Bali but allowed the local government to retain control over religion and culture.

It wasn’t until the late 1940s when the country of Indonesia, including Bali, gained its independence from the Dutch. In the years that followed, the city faced some dark times, including the eruption of Mount Agung which displaced and killed thousands. There were also conflict among the social divisions in Indonesia, and attacks in the 2000s that had an impact on tourism.

However, the island has remained resilient and has bounced back. It remains a popular tourist destination for people all over the world, and tourism contributes to 80% of the local economy. It is also highly renowned for its arts and culture.

Bali Population Growth

The city’s population at the time of the 2010 Census was recorded as 3.89 million. However, estimates today put the population at over 4.2 million, showing that the island is experiencing significant population growth. Since the 1980s, the city has experienced rapid growth and because of the island’s rich culture and history and economy that is significantly boosted by tourism, the population growth is only expected to climb higher in the years ahead.

Bali Population in 2018Source: By Ken Eckert [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Bali Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
2035890,6681.53%65,297
2030825,3711.83%71,494
2025753,8772.02%71,812
2020682,0652.01%26,675
2018655,3902.00%37,777
2015617,6132.00%58,187
2010559,4263.14%80,115
2005479,3113.18%69,414
2000409,8972.96%55,610
1995354,2872.82%46,053
1990308,2340.97%14,579
1985293,6551.44%20,232
1980273,4238.17%88,807
1975184,6167.17%54,014
1970130,6024.16%24,101
1965106,5014.03%19,077
196087,4243.65%14,359
195573,0653.65%11,997
195061,0680.00%
Bali Population Growth

Bali's 2018 population is now estimated at 655,390. In 1950, the population of Bali was 61,068. Bali has grown by 37,777 since 2015, which represents a 2.00% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Bali, which typically includes Bali's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Data Sources
  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations