Beijing Population 2016

The current population of Beijing as of 2010, as reported by the official Chinese Government statistics agency, was 19,612,368.

Along with the greater China population, the population of Beijing has also been growing at breakneck speed. In the 10 years between the 2000 and 2010 censuses, the number of people living in the city grew by 44% - from 13,569,194 in 2000 to 19,612,368 in 2010. Although this last ten years has seen, by far, the most rapid growth seen in the city's modern history, the city has been consistently growing at speed - the average growth rate since the 1960s has been around 20% per decade.

Even today, the city continues to grow. Although there are no official estimates of the the population of Beijing in 2012, unofficial estimates put the population at around 21-22 million. The population in 2020 is expected to be well over 25 million and some experts believe that in 2050 there will be more than 50 million people living in Beijing.

Is Beijing the largest city in China?

Although Beijing is the capital city of China, there are larger cities in the country. Shanghai is home to 23 million people in 2013, and is considered to be China's largest city.

Others, however, argue that Chongqing, a municipality of 28,846,200 in the center of China is technically China's largest city. This is because, although the urban population of Chongqing is only 6-7 million, under Chinese law a municipality is considered to be the equivalent of a city.

If we take Congqing out of the equation, Beijing is the second largest country in China and the sixth largest city in the world, behind Shanghai, Istanbul, Karachi, Mumbai and Moscow.

Beijing population by city district

Here's a map of the city, broken down into its administrative districts. Those in yellow were part of the old city, while red denotes the central urban area of the city. Inner suburbs are indicated in blue, and outer suburbs in green.

And here's a table listing the population of each Beijing district.

District Population Density (per sq/km)
Chaoyang District 3,545,000 7,530
Haidian District 3,281,000 7,702
Fengtai District 2,112,000 6,943
Changping District 1,661,000 1,162
Daxing District 1,365,000 1,349
Xicheng District 1,243,000 26,731
Tongzhou District 1,184,000 1,361
Fangshan District 945,000 506
Dongcheng District 919,000 22,635
Shunyi District 877,000 895
Shijingshan District 616,000 6,860
Miyun County 468,000 200
Pinggu District 416,000 387
Huairou District 373,000 146
Yanqing County 317,000 160
Mentougou District 290,000 218

Beijing demographics

The major ethnic group in Beijing is, as in the rest of the country, Han Chinese. According to the 2000 census (data is not yet available from the 2010 census), 95.69% of Beijing’s residents (excluding anyone from the Red Army) were Han Chinese. Of the remaining 4.31%, the two largest groups are the Manchu (1.84%) and the Hui (1.74%). Rapid economic expansion means that the number of foreigners living in the city is also increasing (notably approximately 200,000 South Koreans), although there are no accurate statistics available on their populations.

Beijing is the powerhouse of the Chinese economy. It’s nominal GDP is 2011 was $247.7 billion, which equates to a per capita GDP of $12,447. Tianjin ($13,058) and Shanghai ($12,783) are the only Chinese cities to have a higher per capita GDP. The city’s economy is growing by around 8-10% per year at the moment, so these figures will probably increase still further in the coming years.

Increased wealth and regularly improving healthcare means that life expectancy in Beijing also continues to grow, and is among the highest in the country. Figures from 2011 indicate that the average life expectancy is 81.12 years – that breaks down as a male life expectancy of 79.16 years and a female life expectancy of 83.17.

Age breakdown data is only available for 2004. At that time, 9.96 of the population was aged 0-14, 78.92% were aged 15-64, and 11.12% were aged 65 or over.