Beijing Population 2019
Along with the greater China population, the population of Beijing has also been growing at breakneck speed. In the ten years between the 2000 and 2010 censuses, the number of people living in the city grew by 44% - from 13,569,194 in 2000 to 19,612,368 in 2010. Although this last ten years have seen the most rapid growth in the city's modern history, the city has been consistently growing at a fast pace - the average growth rate since the 1960s has been around 20% per decade.
Even today, the city continues to grow. Although there are no official estimates of the population of Beijing in 2016, unofficial estimates put the population at over 21 million. The country's Five-Year Plan, which began in 2016, is expected to keep the population under 23 million through 2020. Some experts believe that in 2050 there will be more than 50 million people living in Beijing.
Is Beijing the largest city in China?
Although Beijing is the capital city of China, there are larger cities in the country. Shanghai is home to over 24 million people in 2016 and is considered to be China's largest city.
Beijing population by city district
Here's a map of the city, broken down into its administrative districts. Those in yellow were part of the old city, while red denotes the central urban area of the city. Inner suburbs are indicated in blue, and outer suburbs in green.
Here's a table listing the population of each Beijing district.
||Density (per sq/km)
The primary ethnic group in Beijing is, as in the rest of the country, Han Chinese. According to the 2010 census, 95.69% of Beijing's residents (excluding anyone from the Red Army) were Han Chinese. Of the remaining 4.31%, the two largest groups are the Manchu (1.84%) and the Hui (1.74%). The rapid economic expansion means that the number of foreigners living in the city is also increasing (notably, approximately 200,000 South Koreans), although there are no accurate statistics available on their populations.
Beijing is the powerhouse of the Chinese economy. Its nominal GDP in 2011 was $247.7 billion, which equates to a per capita GDP of $12,447. Tianjin ($13,058) and Shanghai ($12,783) are the only Chinese cities to have a higher per capita GDP. The city's economy is growing by around 8-10% per year at the moment, so these figures will probably increase still further in the coming years.
Source: By mingzi zhongqiu (originally posted to Flickr as watch tower) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons