Berlin Population 2017

Berlin is the capital of Germany and one of Germany's 16 states. It is also the largest city in Germany. It is also the second-most populous city proper and the 7th most populous urban region in the European Union. Berlin is located in northeastern Germany along the River Spree. In 2016, the population of Berlin is estimated at 3.5 million.

Berlin has a population of 3.5 million in 2016, up slightly from 3.4 million in 2014. The city is the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg Metropolitan Region with a population of 5.8 million people from more than 180 countries. The Berlin urban area goes beyond the city limits with a population of approximately 3.7 million. In 2016, the city had a population density of 3,809 people per square kilometer.

Berlin Demographics

There is a long history of migration into Berlin. In 1685, after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes to promote civil unity in France, Berlin created the Edict of Potsdam to guarantee tax-free status and religious freedom to French Huguenot refugees for a decade. During the 1960s and 70s, asylum politics and immigration in West Berlin created massive waves of immigration.

There are many foreign-born populations in Berlin today, with countries of birth that include:

Other sizable foreign-born populations include people from Lebanon, China, Thailand, Macedonia, Netherlands, Iran, Sweden, Portugal, Hungary, Israel, Brazil, South Korea, Latvia, Japan, Denmark, Republic of Kosovo, India, and Syria. In 2010, 13.5% of the population were of foreign nationality from 190 countries. In 2008, it was estimated that up to 30% of the population was foreign-born.

About 60% of Berlin's population have no registered religious affiliation. Thus the city is often called the atheist capital of Europe. Large religious denominations in Berlin include Protestants (19%), Roman Catholics (9%), Muslims (8%), other Christian denominations (2.5%) and other religions (1%).

Berlin History

Berlin's history was first documented in the 1200s, although recent evidence suggests that the city may be even older. It became a capital of Prussia in 1701, followed by the German Empire (1871), the Weimar Republic (1919) and the Third Reich (1933). In the 1920s, it was the third largest city in the world. After the end of WWII, Berlin along with the German state was divided into East Berlin (the capital of the German Democratic Republic) or East Germany, and West Berlin, a political exclave and de facto state of the Federal Republic of Germany. The city once more became the capital of all of Germany after reunification in 1990.

Berlin Population Growth

The Berlin Senate predicts the city's population will grow slightly to 3.75 million by 2030, with a 20% increase for the 6 to 18-year-old age group and the average age increasing slightly to about 44. In 2013, however, statisticians found that the country has 1.5 million fewer people than believed, with Berlin having 180,000 fewer residents.

Berlin Population in 2018Source: George Best Manchester

Berlin Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
20303,658,0000.11%4,000
20253,654,0000.77%28,000
20203,626,0000.92%33,000
20173,593,0000.84%30,000
20153,563,0002.53%88,000
20103,475,0002.48%84,000
20053,391,0000.21%7,000
20003,384,000-2.51%-87,000
19953,471,0001.43%49,000
19903,422,00011.83%362,000
19853,060,0000.13%4,000
19803,056,000-2.36%-74,000
19753,130,000-2.37%-76,000
19703,206,000-0.80%-26,000
19653,232,000-0.86%-28,000
19603,260,000-1.18%-39,000
19553,299,000-1.17%-39,000
19503,338,0000.00%0
Berlin Population Growth

Berlin's 2017 population is now estimated at 3,593,000. In 1950, the population of Berlin was 3,338,000. Berlin has grown by 30,000 in the last year, which represents a 0.84% change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Berlin, which typically includes Berlin's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Data Sources
  1. The Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandeburg - Berlin population data and statistics
  2. Federal Statistical Office - Population development and demographic change
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations