Birmingham Population 2018

Note: This article is about Birmingham, UK. For notes about the US city of Birmingham, Alabama - please scroll to the bottom of the page

Birmingham is the second largest city in the United Kingdom (London is the largest city in the UK). At the time of the census in 2001, the population of Birmingham was recorded at 977,087.

The Census of 2011 shows that Birmingham's population had reached 1,137,100.

City Size and Population Density

Birmingham's city proper covers 267 square kilometers, with a population just over 1 million. The entire metropolitan area covers 598 square kilometers and boasts a population of 4,332,629 individuals. The population density overall comes to approximately 4,200 people per square kilometer.

Birmingham's Population History

For most of its history, Birmingham saw steady population growth as it grew into one of Britain's most important industrial centres. It's biggest period of growth was between 1911 and 1921 when the number of people living in the city almost doubled. In just ten years, the population increased from 525,833 to 919,333, a growth rate of 74.9%.

Since then, however, Birmingham's population has gone up and down. The 2011 census marks the third time that the city's size has exceeded one million people. The milestone was reached for the first time in 1931, when the population was recorded at 1,002,603, but the following census from 1939 recorded a fall to 995,039. The city bounced back to 1.1 million residents in 1951, but by the time of the 2001 census, it's population had fallen again to 977,087. Birmingham's council is no doubt crossing its fingers in hope that they will once again be able to join London as the only British city with a population of over a million.

Ethnicity and Religion in Birmingham

Birmingham is even more ethnically diverse than London, the country's capital city. The 2001 census confirmed that 70.4% of the people of Birmingham were white, 19.5% were Asian, 6.1% were Black, 0.5 were Chinese, 2.5% were mixed race, and 0.6 were of another ethnic group.

Birmingham is also notable for having the UK's highest Gypsy and Traveller population. At 53,554, more than 5% of the people living in Birmingham are Gypsies or Travellers.

Christianity remains the city's most prominent religion. In the last (2001) census 59.1% of Birmingham residents reported themselves as being Christian. Other major religions were Islam (14.3%), Sikh (2.93%), and Hindu (1.98%). 12.4% of the surveyed population reported having no religion, and 8.4% did not answer the question.

Population of Birmingham Alabama

In case you were wondering, the population of Birmingham in the USA was 212,237 in 2010, making it the 97th largest American city. The city reached a peak population of 340,087 in 1960, but since then it has been in steady decline.

The 2010 US Census recorded that 73.4% of Birmingham Alabama's population was black, and 22.3% white, making it considerably less diverse than it's namesake in England.

Birmingham Population in 2018Source: By JimmyGuano [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons

Birmingham Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
2035959,0960.85%39,751
2030919,3450.91%40,691
2025878,6540.85%36,589
2020842,0650.80%13,361
2018828,7041.23%29,756
2015798,9481.22%47,175
2010751,7731.22%44,389
2005707,3841.22%41,758
2000665,6260.68%22,085
1995643,5410.65%20,464
1990623,0770.28%8,652
1985614,4250.26%7,947
1980606,4780.80%23,689
1975582,7890.83%23,541
1970559,2480.69%18,933
1965540,3150.68%18,101
1960522,2141.54%38,500
1955483,7141.59%36,647
1950447,0670.00%
Birmingham Population Growth

Birmingham's 2018 population is now estimated at 828,704. In 1950, the population of Birmingham was 447,067. Birmingham has grown by 29,756 since 2015, which represents a 1.23% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Birmingham, which typically includes Birmingham's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Data Sources
  1. Birmingham City Council - Information, documents and reports on population change in Birmingham
  2. Birmingham City Council - Census - Population and census
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

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