Bratislava Population 2017

Bratislava is the capital city of Slovakia. It is also the country’s largest city by population, although it is one of the smallest capitals in Europe. The estimated population is around 420,000. The city has an area of 142 square miles, while the urban area is 329 square miles and has a population that is nearing 600,000. The city has a long history of multinational influence and is one of the richest countries in the European Union.

Bratislava Demographics

Bratislava is known for being a multinational city, serving as a home to people born from all around Europe and coming from different religious backgrounds. Germans, Czechs, Austrians and Croats are just a few of the groups that call this city home, and their influence can be seen throughout the city.

When breaking down the numbers from the 2001 census, it shows that the primary ethnic group residing in Bratislava are Slovak, followed by Hungarians, Czechs, Germans, Moravians and Croats. Slovaks make up about 90% of the population of Bratislava.

In terms of the economy, this city is the most economically prosperous in the country. Over one-quarter of the Slovak GDP comes from Bratislava. The city has a low unemployment rate that was recorded as less than 2% in 2007. The city is the home for many headquarters of private companies, while government institutions also provide jobs for residents. This city is also one of the best places for remote freelance workers, as the taxes are low and its technology provides for fast internet service.

Bratislava History

The first permanent settlement in Bratislava is believed to date back to 5000 BC. The area was ruled by the Romans until the 4th century ahead of the arrivals of the Slavs during the 5th and 6th centuries. During the 10th century, the city – which at the time was known as Pressburg -- was a site of many attacks and battles, but it was also quite prosperous.

The 17th century saw many disasters and hardships, including plagues and floods. However, the city rebounded during the 18th century. The population grew at a staggering rate and the city expanded with the addition of monasteries, palaces, and streets.

During the 19th century, industry developed at a fast pace. A horse-drawn railway was added to the city, steam locomotives were introduced, and industrial businesses and financial institutions were created, including the first bank in Slovakia.

The city adopted its current name in 1919. The city was named as the capital of the Slovak Republic in 1939 but just a few short years later was under Nazi rule. The government of the city began deporting many of the Jewish residents to concentration camps during this time.

Over the next few decades, the city saw much change, including becoming part of the Eastern Bloc after Communism went into effect. The city annexed land and expanded, particularly when it came to residential developments. Communism fell during the 1980s. In the 1990s, the city was again named capital of the Slovak Republic. In recent years, Bratislava has continued to grow. The city boasts many historical buildings and landmarks, city parks, hotels, shopping centers and markets, and a local culture that has been influenced by people from all over Europe.

Bratislava Population Growth

Bratislava has seen steady population growth throughout the decades, and its role as the capital city and being home to so many corporations show that this growth pattern is likely to continue. The city’s flourishing economy and its favorable conditions for entrepreneurs makes it an ideal location for startup businesses. As these businesses make their way to the city and bring more jobs, it’s likely that Bratislava will continue to see its population climb into the future.

Bratislava Population in 2018Source: By John Menard from Phoenix, USA [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Bratislava Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
2030404,0002.80%11,000
2025393,0001.29%5,000
2020388,000-2.02%-8,000
2017396,000-1.25%-5,000
2015401,000-3.14%-13,000
2010414,000-2.82%-12,000
2005426,000-0.93%-4,000
2000430,000-1.38%-6,000
1995436,000-0.23%-1,000
1990437,0007.37%30,000
1985407,0007.96%30,000
1980377,00016.00%52,000
1975325,00015.25%43,000
1970282,0008.46%22,000
1965260,0008.79%21,000
1960239,00011.16%24,000
1955215,00010.82%21,000
1950194,0000.00%0
Bratislava Population Growth

Bratislava's 2017 population is now estimated at 396,000. In 1950, the population of Bratislava was 194,000. Bratislava has grown by -5,000 in the last year, which represents a -1.25% change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Bratislava, which typically includes Bratislava's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Data Sources
  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations