Canberra Population 2018

Although Canberra is Australia's capital city, it is only the ninth largest city in the country. The latest census revealed that Canberra was home to 357,220 people in August 2011 – an increase of just over 10% in just five years.

No official data is available for the population of Canberra in 2012 – we'll update this page once it becomes available in March 2013.

Canberra is not in one of Australia's states – it is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory, a small territory developed to ensure that Australia's capital was not located in one of Australia's five states, thus ensuring its neutrality.

Although official estimates are not yet available for the population of Canberra in 2012, an estimate of the population of the Australian Capital Territory in March 2012 is available. The Australian Bureau of Statistics has provided updated data for each of the states and territories in Australia, and has reported that it believes there were 373,100 people in the ACT at the end of the first quarter of 2012, and increase of 7,000 people in the year since March 2011.

The population of the ACT is slightly higher than the population of Canberra because, for historical reasons, the ACT also contains a few far flung Australian territories, such as Jervis Bay, Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands. There are also a couple of small towns in the main part of the ACT.

Demographics of Canberra

71.4% of its residents were born in Australia, slightly higher than the national average of 70.3% – perhaps a reflection that Canberra is a Government town. The next largest nationality is English (3.7%) and Chinese (1.8%).

Canberra is, though, one of the few cities where the largest religious group is, in fact, the non-religious. 28.9% of Canberrans told census takers that they did not have a religion. This is slightly higher than the proportion of Catholics (26.1%) and twice the population of Anglicans (14.7%).

Incomes in Canberra are much higher than the national average. The average weekly wage for an Australian is $577, but in Canberra the average income is $917. Residents of Canberra are also much better educated than the average Australian. 4.5% of people living in Canberra have a postgraduate degree, compared with an average of 1.8% in the country as a whole. Again, this reflects Canberra's status as the capital of Australia.

Canberra Population in 2018Source: Jason Tong

Canberra Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
Canberra Population Growth

Canberra's 2018 population is now estimated at 448,000. In 1950, the population of Canberra was 20,000. Canberra has grown by 25,000 since 2015, which represents a 1.93% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Canberra, which typically includes Canberra's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Data Sources
  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics - Canberra 2016 Census QuickStats
  2. Australian Bureau of Statistics - Australian Capital Territory Summary
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations