Dublin Population 2017

"Dublin" usually refers to the contiguous urban area that includes South Dublin, Fingal, and Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, which combined create the traditional County of Dublin, or the Dublin Region. The Dublin Region accounts for more than 25% of the country's total population with a population density of 4,588 people per square kilometer in the city proper, or 11,880 per square mile.

Dublin Demographics

Over the past 15 years, Ireland as a whole has become more ethnically diverse. This is most apparent in the Dublin Region, with a foreign-born population that represents 20% of the total population. In 2011, 250,000 foreign-born people lived in Dublin, up 51% from 2002.

In 2011, the ethnic and national origins of the Dublin population was:

  • Irish 82.7%
  • UK 1.7%
  • Polish: 2.9%
  • Asian: 2.9%
  • European Union 15 excluding Irish and UK: 1.8%
  • Lithuanian: 0.8%
  • African: 1.6%
  • American: 0.3%

Of the foreign-born population, 23% are from the United States, 13.5% are from Poland and 4% are from Lithuania.

Dublin History

The earliest reference to a settlement in the Dublin area was in the writings of Ptolemy in 140 AD, referencing the settlement as Eblana Civitas. In the 9th century, Dublin was established as a Viking settlement and remained under Viking control until the Norman invasion of Ireland from Wales in 1169. The King of Leinster enlisted help from Strongbow to conquer Dublin. Strongbow then declared himself king after gaining control. It was around this time that the barony of Dublin City was separated from the barony of Dublin. The two were redesignated as the City of Dublin in 2001.

The Tudor conquest of the country in the 1500s created a new era for the city, which once more became the center of rule in Ireland. Queen Elizabeth I of England, in an attempt to make Dublin Protestant, established Trinity College in 1592 and ordered that the Catholic cathedrals be converted to Protestant. Dublin had a population of 21,000 by 1640 before a plague killed nearly 50% of the population. The city once more prospered, reaching more than 50,000 people by 1700.

By the 18th century, Dublin boasted a population of more than 130,000 and was, briefly, the second-largest city in the British Empire and the fifth largest in Europe. It grew quickly during the 18th century, when many of its most well-known buildings were constructed.

Dublin Population Growth

By 2020, the Central Statistics Office predicts the Dublin Region will reach a population of 2.1 million by 2020, with Dublin City will have a population of 610,000. By 2031, the Dublin population could surpass 5 million, with most people living in the greater Dublin area of Dublin, Kildare, Meath and Wicklow rather than the other regions.

Dublin Population in 2017 Source: Aapo Haapanen

Dublin Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
1950 626,000 0.00% 0
1955 647,000 3.40% 21,000
1960 661,000 2.20% 14,000
1965 723,000 9.40% 62,000
1970 771,000 6.60% 48,000
1975 833,000 8.00% 62,000
1980 903,000 8.40% 70,000
1985 920,000 1.90% 17,000
1990 916,000 -0.40% -4,000
1995 946,000 3.30% 30,000
2000 989,000 4.50% 43,000
2005 1,037,000 4.90% 48,000
2010 1,100,000 6.10% 63,000
2015 1,169,000 6.30% 69,000
2017 1,201,000 2.70% 32,000
2020 1,260,000 4.90% 59,000
2025 1,364,000 8.30% 104,000
2030 1,467,000 7.60% 103,000
Dublin Population Growth

Dublin's 2017 population is now estimated at 1,201,000. In 1950, the population of Dublin was 626,000. Dublin has grown by 32,000 in the last year, which represents a 2.70% change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Dublin, which typically includes Dublin's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Data Sources
  1. Central Statistics Office - Census of Population 2016 - Preliminary Results
  2. Dublin Chamber - Demographic facts and figures
  3. Central Statistics Office - Population by constituency - geographical distribution