Helsinki Population 2017

Helsinki is Finland's largest and capital city. It is located in the Uusimaa region, which is in the south of the country. With a population of 629,512 in 2017, an urban population of 1,231,595, and a metropolitan population of above 1.4 million, the city is the most populous municipality in Finland. Helsinki has a population density of 2,739.36 people per square kilometer – by far the highest nationally.

Demographics

Helsinki has a higher proportion of females (53.4%) than anywhere else in the country. Life expectancy for both men and women is below the national average, although only slightly. On average, men live 75.1 years (compared to 75.7 years) and women to 81.7 years (compared to 82.5 years).

The official languages of Helsinki are Finnish and Swedish, with the majority of the population (81.9%) speaking Finnish as their mother tongue. 5.9% of those living in the city speak Swedish and 12.2% speak a native language that's neither Finnish or Swedish. Today, Helsinki slang mainly combines influences from Finnish and English, but it traditionally had strong Russian and Swedish influences. It wasn't until 1890 that Finnish speakers overtook Swedish speakers as the majority of the city's population.

Helsinki has the highest number of immigrants in Finland, with as many as 140 nationalities represented in the city. The largest group (as of 2013) is from Sweden, followed by Russia, Estonia, China, Somalia, Kurdistan, Germany, Spain, Vietnam, France and Turkey. Helsinki was already home to many different nationalities as far back as the 19th century, with many people from Sweden, Finland, Russia and Germany. Today, foreign citizens account for 8% of the population.

Population Growth

Helsinki has grown rapidly since the 1810s, which was when it replaced Turku as capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland. This later became the sovereign Republic of Finland. Growth continued throughout the years, slowing only during the period of the Finnish Civil War. After World War II, people began to leave the countryside and flock to Finland's cities, including Helsinki. The city's population jumped from 275,000 to 525,600 between 1944 and 1969. A resultant lack of housing meant that people began to leave the city in the 1960s, moving to nearby Espoo and Vantaa, where population growth has since rocketed. The increasing lack of housing together with high living costs in the Helsinki Capital Region means that many daily commuters have been forced to find housing in once very rural areas, and even further afield to cities such as Lohja, Hämeenlinna and Lahti.

Helsinki Population in 2018Source: By Author: Matthew McPherson Helsinki, Finland [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

Helsinki Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
20301,293,0002.38%30,000
20251,263,0003.02%37,000
20201,226,0002.25%27,000
20171,199,0001.61%19,000
20151,180,0005.17%58,000
20101,122,0005.15%55,000
20051,067,0004.71%48,000
20001,019,0008.06%76,000
1995943,0008.27%72,000
1990871,00020.47%148,000
1985723,0007.27%49,000
1980674,00015.81%92,000
1975582,00014.79%75,000
1970507,0006.07%29,000
1965478,0006.70%30,000
1960448,00010.62%43,000
1955405,00010.66%39,000
1950366,0000.00%0
Helsinki Population Growth

Helsinki's 2017 population is now estimated at 1,199,000. In 1950, the population of Helsinki was 366,000. Helsinki has grown by 19,000 in the last year, which represents a 1.61% change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Helsinki, which typically includes Helsinki's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Data Sources
  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations