Hiroshima Population 2017

Hiroshima is a city located in Honshu, Japan’s largest island. It is the largest city within the Chugoku region, and it is also designated as the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture. The city has an extensive population that is 1,196,274 per estimates in 2016. This population is spread across a total area of just over 350 square miles. This city has a very interesting history and is most known for being the first city to be targeted by the US Army Air Forces with a nuclear weapon during World War II.

Hiroshima Demographics

The city of Hiroshima has a population of 1.196 million, which is a slight increase over the estimated population from 2006. The city is densely populated, with an estimated 3,418 people per square mile according to estimates taken in 2016.

The city has had a history of ups and downs when it comes to its population. Its population was approximately 143,000 in 1910, and grew to over 360,000 before World War II. The population during this time period peaked to over 419,000 people in 1942. Just three years later, however, after the atomic bomb was dropped, the population had dropped quite significantly to a number that fell below what was recorded prior to 1910. However, the population bounced back within 10 years and had reached the levels recorded prior to the bombing.

Hiroshima History

Hiroshima was first established in 1589. It was named as the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture following the abolition of the han in 1871. During this time period, the city was a very important urban center. The 1800s saw a great period of growth with the establishment of English language schools and the extension of the San’yo Railway. During the First Sino-Japanese War, Hiroshima served as a base for the Japanese government and Emperor Meiji took up residence at Hiroshima capital.

Industrialization continued throughout the early 1900s and the city became a center for military activity. However, a dark period was right around the corner for the city. On August 6, 1945, during World War II, a nuclear bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and killed approximately 70,000 people. This was the first time the US military used a nuclear weapon. In addition to the immediate deaths, injuries from the bomb and radiation killed additional residents, with estimates showing that as many as 166,000 people died in total. The population of course suffered significantly, while much of the city’s infrastructure was also destroyed, with as many as 70% of buildings completely destroyed and others seriously damaged.

This wasn’t the end of the troubles for Hiroshima, unfortunately. Typhoon Ida struck the city, adding 3,000 deaths and injuries to the city’s woes. More infrastructure was destroyed, including the roads and railroads.

After the war, Hiroshima received aid from the government to restore and rebuild the city. Donated land and financial aid was provided to repair the city and recover from the destructive events. As the city rebuilt, several monuments were erected to promote peace, including the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park and the Peace Pagoda. Today, Hiroshima continues to speak out in favor of abolishing nuclear weapons, with goals to get rid of them completed by 2020.

Hiroshima Population Growth

The population of Hiroshima stands at 1,196,274, which reflects an increase from previous numbers. In 2000, the population was 1.126 million and prior to that in 1995, the population was 1.108 million. This reflects steady growth throughout the years. Despite the troubles that it faced during the war, the population has bounced back and continues to grow, a trend that is expected to continue through the decades.

Hiroshima Population in 2018Source: By Hirotsugu Mori (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Hiroshima Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
20302,213,000-0.36%-8,000
20252,221,0000.82%18,000
20202,203,0000.78%17,000
20172,186,0000.60%13,000
20152,173,0002.55%54,000
20102,119,0002.71%56,000
20052,063,0000.93%19,000
20002,044,0000.20%4,000
19952,040,0002.72%54,000
19901,986,0003.60%69,000
19851,917,0005.04%92,000
19801,825,0002.87%51,000
19751,774,00028.64%395,000
19701,379,00028.64%307,000
19651,072,00028.69%239,000
1960833,00028.75%186,000
1955647,00028.63%144,000
1950503,0000.00%0
Hiroshima Population Growth

Hiroshima's 2017 population is now estimated at 2,186,000. In 1950, the population of Hiroshima was 503,000. Hiroshima has grown by 13,000 in the last year, which represents a 0.60% change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Hiroshima, which typically includes Hiroshima's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Data Sources
  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations