Lima Population 2017

Lima is the largest city in Peru, and the country’s capital. The seaport Callao is considered part of the city of Lima and forms the Lima Metropolitan Area. The 2014 projected population for Lima is 9,751,717, which makes Lima the fifth largest city in the Americas. Lima’s metro area is also the 27th most populous in the world.

Lima’s estimated population is 9,751,717, and these almost 10 million people live in 43 districts in Metropolitan Lima. The seaport of Callao also has six additional districts, and each of these districts have their own mayor and municipality. In addition to each district having its own Mayor, there is the Mayor of Lima who is in charge of all of the districts and municipalities. The districts are comprised of 30 districts that are within the city and 13 outer districts - which are still under the authority of the Mayor of Lima. Metropolitan Lima stretches north to south for 80 km along the Pacific Ocean, and from west to east for 40 km from the Pacific to the Andes Mountains. Since the ocean and mountains bind the city, further expansion is difficult. The population density is around 3000 people per kilometer or more than 7000 people per mile.

Lima Demographics

The population of Lima is a variety of ethnic groups. The most populous ethnic group is the Mestizos. These people are of European, mostly Italian and Spanish, and indigenous descent. The second largest ethnic groups are the European Peruvians and they are of Spanish, German, Italian, Croatian, British, or French descent. There are several minority groups in Lima, including the indigenous population. There are also Afro-Peruvians who have descended from people brought over to the Americas as slaves. In addition to Jews of both European and Middle Eastern Descent, there are also Asians from China and Japan. The largest Chinese community in Latin America is located in Lima.

Cuisine in Lima has been heavily influence by both the Italian and Chinese immigrants. Two of Lima’s areas, San Isisdro and Miraflores, have many Italian restaurants called trattorias. Calle Capon, Lima’s Chinatown, has many restaurants that offer Chinese food with a Peruvian spin. Because of the different cuisines that have come together in Lima, it is known as the Gastronomical Capital of the Americas.

Lima Population Growth

Lima was founded in 1535 and comprised only 100 city blocks around a plaza, but by 1925 the population was over a quarter of a million people. The population then doubled to over half a million people by 1940. Lima’s growth became even more rapid after WWII when poor Andeans moved to Lima hoping to find a better life. After that, migration exploded because of industrialization and modernization. People were not only migrating from the Andes Mountains, but were also finding their way from foreign countries as well. By 1961, the country had over 1.2 million people, and in the next 20 years, Lima reached over 3.5 million. By 1997, there were 6 million people living in the city, and growth continues to push Lima towards 10 million inhabitants.

Lima Population in 2018Source: Martin St-Amant (S23678)

Lima Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
203012,221,0005.96%687,000
202511,534,0007.23%778,000
202010,756,0004.97%509,000
201710,247,0003.54%350,000
20159,897,00010.52%942,000
20108,955,00010.82%874,000
20058,081,00010.79%787,000
20007,294,00010.82%712,000
19956,582,00012.76%745,000
19905,837,00014.09%721,000
19855,116,00015.28%678,000
19804,438,00020.08%742,000
19753,696,00024.03%716,000
19702,980,00030.47%696,000
19652,284,00030.07%528,000
19601,756,00028.36%388,000
19551,368,00028.33%302,000
19501,066,0000.00%0
Lima Population Growth

Lima's 2017 population is now estimated at 10,247,000. In 1950, the population of Lima was 1,066,000. Lima has grown by 350,000 in the last year, which represents a 3.54% change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Lima, which typically includes Lima's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Data Sources
  1. National Institute of Statistics - Peru population and statistical data
  2. United States Census Bureau - Peru population trends
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations