Lima Population 2019

10,554,712

Lima is the largest city in Peru, and the country’s capital. The seaport Callao is considered part of the city of Lima and forms the Lima Metropolitan Area. The 2014 projected population for Lima is 9,751,717, which makes Lima the fifth largest city in the Americas. Lima’s metro area is also the 27th most populous in the world.

Lima’s estimated population is 9,751,717, and these almost 10 million people live in 43 districts in Metropolitan Lima. The seaport of Callao also has six additional communities, and each of these districts have their own mayor and municipality. In addition to each district having its own Mayor, there is the Mayor of Lima who is in charge of all of the districts and municipalities. The regions are comprised of 30 districts that are within the city and 13 outer areas - which are still under the authority of the Mayor of Lima. Metropolitan Lima stretches north to south for 80 km along the Pacific Ocean, and from west to east for 40 km from the Pacific to the Andes Mountains. Since the ocean and mountains bind the city, further expansion is difficult.

The city of Lima covers a considerable amount of ground area, with 2,672.3 square kilometers (1,031.8 sq mi) available in the city itself. The population density is around 3000 people per kilometer or more than 7000 people per mile.

Lima Demographics

The population of Lima is a variety of ethnic groups. The most populous ethnic group is the Mestizos. These people are of European, mostly Italian and Spanish, and indigenous descent. The second largest ethnic groups are the European Peruvians, and they are of Spanish, German, Italian, Croatian, British, or French origin. There are several minority groups in Lima, including the indigenous population. There are also Afro-Peruvians who have descended from people brought over to the Americas as slaves. In addition to Jews of both European and Middle Eastern Descent, there are also Asians from China and Japan. The largest Chinese community in Latin America is located in Lima.

Both the Italian and Chinese immigrants have heavily influenced cuisine in Lima. Two of Lima’s areas, San Isidro and Miraflores, have many Italian restaurants called trattorias. Calle Capon, Lima’s Chinatown, has many restaurants that offer Chinese food with a Peruvian spin. Because of the different cuisines that have come together in Lima, it is known as the Gastronomical Capital of the Americas.

Lima Population Growth

Lima was founded in 1535 and comprised only 100 city blocks around a plaza, but by 1925 the population was over a quarter of a million people. The population then doubled to over half a million people by 1940. Lima’s growth became even more rapid after WWII when poor Andeans moved to Lima hoping to find a better life. After that, migration exploded because of industrialization and modernization. People were not only migrating from the Andes Mountains but were also finding their way from foreign countries as well. By 1961, the country had over 1.2 million people, and in the next 20 years, Lima reached over 3.5 million. By 1997, 6 million people were living in the city, and growth continues to push Lima towards 10 million inhabitants.

Lima Population in 2018Source: By Martin St-Amant (S23678) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

How Many People Live in Lima?

10,554,712
Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
203512,971,9981.13%705,811
203012,266,1871.27%748,854
202511,517,3331.45%798,145
202010,719,1881.56%164,476
201910,554,7121.84%741,975
20159,812,7371.93%892,978
20108,919,7591.99%838,504
20058,081,2552.07%787,706
20007,293,5492.07%711,298
19956,582,2512.43%745,714
19905,836,5372.67%720,420
19855,116,1172.89%678,363
19804,437,7543.73%742,232
19753,695,5224.40%715,151
19702,980,3715.47%696,633
19652,283,7385.40%527,818
19601,755,9205.12%387,897
19551,368,0235.12%302,135
19501,065,8880.00%

Lima Population Growth

Lima's 2019 population is now estimated at 10,554,712. In 1950, the population of Lima was 1,065,888. Lima has grown by 741,975 since 2015, which represents a 1.84% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Lima, which typically includes Lima's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

  1. National Institute of Statistics - Peru population and statistical data
  2. United States Census Bureau - Peru population trends
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations