Mexico City Population 2014

March, 15th 2014

Mexico City (officially México D.F. or just D.F.) is the capital of Mexico and the seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. It's also the Federal District, which is a federal entity within the country that is not actually any one of the 31 states but belongs to the federation as a whole.

Mexico City is one of the largest financial centers in the continent and the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world with a long history. As of 2013, the population in the city itself is estimated at 9 million.

Mexico City Population 2013

Mexico City has an estimated population of 9 million in 2013, which is up from 8.851 million in 2010. The metropolitan area, however, is much larger with a population of 21.2 million people, making Mexico City the most populous metropolitan area in the Western Hemisphere.

Greater Mexico City is formed by the Federal District, or 60 municipalities from the State of Mexico with one from the state of Hidalgo. It's the most densely populated area in the country. As of 2010, the biggest municipalities in Greater Mexico City, excluding Mexico City proper, were:

  • Ecatepec (1.66 million)
  • Nezahualcóyotl (1.1 million)
  • Naucalpan (833,000)
  • Tlalnepantla de Baz (664,000)
  • Chimalhuacán (602000)
  • Ixtapaluca (467,000)
  • Cuautitlán Izcalli (533,000)
  • Atizapan de Zaragoza (490,000)

As of 2013, 75% of the state of Mexico's population lives in a municipality that's part of Greater Mexico City.

Mexico City Demographics

The valley of Anáhuac has historically been one of the most densely populated regions in the country. In 1921, the census showed more than 54% of the city's population was Mestizo (or Indigenous mixed with European ancestry), 23% was European and almost 19% was Indigenous, although Mexico City at the time had less than 1 million people.

Mexico City today is home to large numbers of immigrants and expatriates from Canada, the United States, South America (especially Colombia and Argentina), Central America (particularly Guatemala and El Salvador), the Caribbeans (mainly Cuba and Haiti), Europe (particularly Spain and Germany) and the Middle East (especially Egypt, Syria and Lebanon). Most recently, there has been an influx of immigrants from Asia-Pacific countries like South Korea and China.

There are no official figures on the immigrant population in Mexico, but estimates show significant numbers, including the largest population of people from the US outside the United States. It's estimated there are 700,000 US Americans in Mexico City.

Census data from Mexico's National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) has shown that the numbers of foreigners in the country has grown by 95% in the last decade, the majority of which are from the US.

Mexico City Population Growth

Despite its growth, the annual growth rate of the Mexico City metropolitan area is lower than most other urban agglomerations in the country, and the net migration rate in the Federal District was negative from 1995 to 2000.

With its fast growth over the past century, Mexico City has faced numerous problems, including the inability to keep up with services and housing which led to huge shantytowns on the outskirts of the city without basic services. In 2004, a World Bank study found that 11% of the urban population in the country was extremely poor, while 42% was moderately poor. Mexico City is also located between two large mountain ranges, which act to trap pollution.

Mexico City is sometimes considered the largest city in the world and has 20% of Mexico's entire population. Urban migration has slowed, and now natural growth is the main cause of Mexico City's population growth. It's estimated that the population will reach 23 million by 2020, up from 2013's 21.2 million.