Moscow Population 2017

At its last census in 2010, Moscow had a population of 11.5 million. In 2012, its territory expanded from 1,000 to 2,511 square kilometers, which added an additional 233,000 people. As Russia's official figures are not believed to be completely accurate, and taking into consideration the high rates of illegal immigration, the true figure today may be anywhere from 13 to 17 million, although 2016 estimates put the population right under 13 million.

Moscow's population of about 12.19 million makes it the 6th largest city in the world and the most populous city in Russia. Moscow has a density of 8,537.2 people per square kilometer.

Moscow is run by one mayor, but the city is actually divided into 12 administrative okrugs and 123 districts, each with its own coat of arms and flags and individual heads of each area. The largest administrative okrugs include:

  • Southern Okrug: 1.59 million
  • Eastern Okrug: 1.39 million
  • North-Eastern Okrug: 1.24 million
  • Northern Okrug: 1.11 million
  • South-Eastern Okrug: 1.12 million

Moscow Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition of Moscow was:

  • Russian: 91.6%
  • Ukranian: 1.42%
  • Tatar: 1.38%
  • Armenian: 0.98%
  • Azeri: 0.5%
  • Jews: 0.49%
  • Belarusian: 0.4%
  • Uzbek: 0.3%
  • Tajik: 0.2%
  • Moldovan: 0.2%
  • Mordvin: 0.2%
  • Chechen: 0.1%
  • Chuvash: 0.1%
  • Ossetians: 0.1%
  • Other: 1.6%

There was an additional 668,000 people registered in databases that could not declare an ethnicity.

Moscow's official population is based on its residents with "permanent residency." It's believed there are an additional 1.8 million official "guests" on temporary residency through visas or documentation. Those without documentation, mostly from Central Asia, are believed to add another 1 million people.

The predominant religion is Christianity, with the Russian Orthodox Church being the most popular, as Moscow is the capital of Orthodox Christianity in the country, and a part of Russia's historical heritage in a law passed 16 years ago. Muslims, meanwhile, account for 14% of the city's population.

Interestingly, Moscow also had the largest community of billionaires in the world in 2013. The country fell to the number three spot in 2016, trailing behind New York City and Hong Kong.

Moscow Population Growth

It's hard to even estimate where Moscow is today, as the number of migrants (legal and illegal) has made it impossible to keep track of Russia and Europe's largest city. While the official figure was 11.5 million as of 2010, this number could really be as high as 17 million in 2016, and this makes it difficult to pinpoint where Moscow is going in the coming decades.

Migrants, both legal and illegal, have been coming to Moscow in droves from other parts of Russia and former Soviet republics in search of better living conditions and higher pay, and this will continue as long as Moscow offers higher standards than the rest of Russia. The average monthly salary in the state is 61,200 roubles, which is almost double the nationwide average.

Death rates have been higher than birth rates in Moscow for years, and its growth is now solely dependent on migration. While Russia's population is shrinking (although slower than previously expected), more people continue to move to Moscow, which grew 10.9% from 2002 to 2010, while the country's population decreased 1.2%.

Time will tell how high Moscow's population can grow in the next twenty years, but its growth rate will certainly outpace Russia's.

Moscow Population in 2017 Source: No machine-readable author provided. Ifeldman84~commonswiki assumed (based on copyright claims).

Moscow Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
1950 5,356,000 0.00% 0
1955 5,749,000 7.30% 393,000
1960 6,170,000 7.30% 421,000
1965 6,622,000 7.30% 452,000
1970 7,106,000 7.30% 484,000
1975 7,623,000 7.30% 517,000
1980 8,136,000 6.70% 513,000
1985 8,580,000 5.50% 444,000
1990 8,987,000 4.70% 407,000
1995 9,201,000 2.40% 214,000
2000 10,005,000 8.70% 804,000
2005 10,751,000 7.50% 746,000
2010 11,461,000 6.60% 710,000
2015 12,166,000 6.20% 705,000
2017 12,340,000 1.40% 174,000
2020 12,474,000 1.10% 134,000
2025 12,382,000 -0.70% -92,000
2030 12,200,000 -1.50% -182,000
Moscow Population Growth

Moscow's 2017 population is now estimated at 12,340,000. In 1950, the population of Moscow was 5,356,000. Moscow has grown by 174,000 in the last year, which represents a 1.40% change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Moscow, which typically includes Moscow's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.