Rome Population 2017

In 2016, the population of Rome is estimated at 2,869,461, but this is only the city proper. The urban area has a population of 3.8 million, with up to 4.3 million living in the metropolitan area. The city proper has a density of 2,232 people per square kilometer (5,781/square mile).

Interestingly, Rome was once the largest city in the world during the reign of Emperor Augustus with a population of nearly 1 million, or about the size of London in the 19th century, when it was the world's largest city.

In 2016, Rome is the 4th most populous city in the European Union in terms of population within city limits, and the largest and most populated city in Italy.

Rome Demographics

About 9.5% of Rome's population is non-Italian, with half the immigrant population having European origins, most notably Romanian, Ukrainian, Polish and Albanian, for a total of 4.7% of the population. The other 4.8% is comprised of immigrants with non-European origins, particularly Filipinos, Bangladeshis, Peruvians and Chinese.

The largest immigrant neighborhood is the Esquilino rione, which is often called Rome's Chinatown, despite the fact that its people come from more than 100 countries.

Rome also has a population of several hundred Romani gypsies who camp illegally along the outskirts of the town. There are estimated to be 8,000 homeless people in Rome, mostly non-Italian.

Vatican City

Vatican City is a sovereign city-state in a walled enclave inside the city of Rome with a population of about 800. It is the smallest internationally recognized independent state on earth and is completely separate from the city of Rome, despite being located in the city.

Rome Population History

According to legend, Rome was founded when Romulus and Remus (the twins suckled by a she-wolf) decided to build a city together but argued and Romulus killed Remus in 753 BC. This means the founding of Rome goes back to the very early days of civilization, although most historians agree the city was actually established in 625 BC. This settlement eventually became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, then the Roman Empire. During the time of Emperor Augustus, Rome had a population of 1 million in 210 AD.

During the Middle Ages, Rome became very important in the Catholic Church as the Bishop of Rome, or the Pope, was important in the early days of Christianity. After the Sack of Rome and the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD, Rome's population dropped from 1 million to just 500,000 in 273 and then again to 35,000 during the Early Middle Ages.

During the 15th century, the Papacy strove to surpass the grandeur of other cities in Italy by creating more extravagant churches and buildings. In 1870, the Kingdom of Italy annexed Rome and it grew to nearly 200,000 people. Slowly, Rome's population began to climb back to its height of 1 million, surpassing this between WW1 and WW2 during the early 20th century. After World War II, Rome grew even faster and its population boomed until the mid-1980's when the city had over 2.8 million people. Over the last thirty years, Rome's population has slowly declined as more people move to the suburbs.

Rome Population Growth

Italy as a whole is experiencing a declining population, much like the rest of Europe, due to declining birth rates and an aging population. Rome is declining slower than the rest of the country, with a population that's about in line with the country's average.

Rome Population in 2017 Source: Diliff

Rome Population Data (Urban Area)

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
1950 1,884,000 0.00% 0
1955 2,143,000 13.70% 259,000
1960 2,456,000 14.60% 313,000
1965 2,780,000 13.20% 324,000
1970 3,135,000 12.80% 355,000
1975 3,300,000 5.30% 165,000
1980 3,390,000 2.70% 90,000
1985 3,429,000 1.20% 39,000
1990 3,450,000 0.60% 21,000
1995 3,425,000 -0.70% -25,000
2000 3,385,000 -1.20% -40,000
2005 3,465,000 2.40% 80,000
2010 3,592,000 3.70% 127,000
2015 3,718,000 3.50% 126,000
2017 3,756,000 1.00% 38,000
2020 3,796,000 1.10% 40,000
2025 3,823,000 0.70% 27,000
2030 3,842,000 0.50% 19,000
Rome Population Growth

Rome's 2017 population is now estimated at 3,756,000. In 1950, the population of Rome was 1,884,000. Rome has grown by 38,000 in the last year, which represents a 1.00% change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Rome, which typically includes Rome's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.