Population by Race

Race Population
White89,206
Some Other Race2,700
Two or More Races542
Asian353
Black or African American94
American Indian and Alaska Native80

78521 Population Pyramid 2019

78521 Median Age

28.8


Total

26.8


Male

30.7


Female

78521 Adults

There are 62,221 adults, (10,730 of whom are seniors) in 78521.

78521 Age Dependency

80.6

Age Dependency Ratio

20.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

59.7

Child Dependency Ratio

78521 Sex Ratio

Female

48,221

51.86%

Male

44,754

48.14%

78521 Households and Families

78521 Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

78521 Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married69.7%30.3%
All59.4%40.6%
Male53.5%46.5%
Non Family48.5%51.5%
Female46.5%53.5%

59.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All25,2283.6859.4
Married13,2274.3169.7
Female6,0744.1146.5
Non Family4,4531.1748.5
Male1,4743.8153.5

4.14

Average Family Size

3.68

Average Household Size

3.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.1%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

78521 Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade13,25025.86%
9th to 12th Grade9,03217.63%
High School Graduate12,18423.78%
Some College8,34316.28%
Associates Degree2,2824.45%
Bachelors Degree4,6879.15%
Graduate Degree1,4652.86%

78521 Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic48,64826,6535,306
White2,3632,099746
Other Race1,7641,066165
Multiple Races24715441
Asian188169100
Native American7419
Black62397

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 89.89%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 53.19%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$21,972$25,984$18,026
Less Than High School$17,774$22,615$13,385
High School Grad$20,640$25,027$15,698
Some College$23,000$28,584$20,435
Bachelors Degree$35,038$37,399$30,851
Graduate Degree$47,003$53,359$45,927

$21,972

Average Earnings

$25,984

Average Male

$18,026

Average Female

78521 Language

78521 Language by Age

78521 Language

10.25% of 78521 residents speak only English, while 89.75% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 89.32% of the population.

78521 Poverty

78521 Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic88,89234,50338.81%
Other2,69170826.31%
White3,21043513.55%
Multiple54210118.63%
Native803240.00%
Black832125.30%
Asian353205.67%

37.82%

Overall Poverty Rate

35.72%

Male Poverty Rate

39.77%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in 78521

The race most likely to be in poverty in 78521 is Native, with 40.00% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in 78521 is Asian, with 5.67% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 14.42%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.21%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 43.55%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School39.21%
High School30.84%
Some College19.08%
Bachelors or Greater11.02%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed50.90%
Male Unemployed40.89%
Female Employed21.50%
Male Employed19.17%

78521 Income

78521 Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$28,935$41,137
Families$31,814$43,774
Married Families$38,715$51,485
Non Families$14,623$24,696

78521 Marital Status

78521 Marital Status

Marriage Rates

47.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.5%

Male Marriage Rate

43.8%

Female Marriage Rate

78521 Married by Age and Sex

78521 Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

78521 Marital Status by Race

78521 Veterans

1,772

Number of Veterans

1,600

Male Veterans

172

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam620
Second Gulf War478
First Gulf War354
Korea115
World War II93
Age Group Veterans
35 to 54402
65 to 74400
75+351
55 to 64325
18 to 34294

78521 Veterans by Race

Name Veterans % of Total
White1,7092.87%
Hispanic1,3812.33%
Other311.55%
Black1724.64%
Indian810.00%
2 or More72.68%

78521 Veterans by Education

14.28%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.13%

Veteran Disability Rate

78521 Employment Status

53%

Labor Force Participation

48%

Employment Rate

9.4%

Unemployment Rate

78521 Occupation

78521 Place of Birth

Origin of Non Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

63.32%

Born in

70.24%

Native Born

29.76%

Foreign Born

20.36%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

70.24% of 78521 residents were born in the United States, with 63.32% having been born in . 20.36% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.