Amharic is an Ethiopian Semitic language and the second-most spoken Semitic language worldwide, after Arabic. Amharic is the working language of Ethiopia. As of 2018, there are about 31.8 million mother-tongue speakers and an additional 25.1 million second-language speakers.
Amharic is written left-to-right sing a system of Ge’ez script. The system is called Fidel, which means “script,” “alphabet,” “letter,” or “character,” and is also called abugida (አቡጊዳ), the first four symbols of the alphabet. Each character represents a consonant-vowel sequence. The character’s shape is determined by the consonant and modified for the vowel.
There are 26 characters in the Amharic Alphabet, including seven vowels: ä, u, I, a, e, ï, o. The syllabary is typically presented as a grid with the vowels in the horizontal axis and the consonants in the vertical axis.