Bulgarian Alphabet

What is Bulgaria?

Bulgaria, officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country located in the Southeastern region of Europe. It is located on the eastern flank of the Balkans and is bordered by Serbia, Greece, Romania, Turkey, and the Black Sea. Sofia is the largest city, and also serves as the nation's capital. The motto of Bulgaria is "Unity makes strength".

Bulgaria is host to one of the earliest societies in modern-day Europe. The Neolithic Karanovo culture dates back to 6500 BC and eventually was home to some Thracian, Persian, Macedonian and Celtic tribes. Much like the other countries of the Balkans, the area was brought into stability under the yoke of the Roman Empire, which had destroyed or dominated many of the tribes in the region. After the Roman state had splintered between east and west, tribes throughout Europe, Asia, and the middle east rebelled and pillaged the ruined empire after years of enslavement.

The Bulgar tribe had invaded Bulgaria in the late 7th century and established the Danubian Bulgaria, and was officially recognized by a treaty with the Eastern Roman Empire in 681, which would once again become a global power known as the Byzantine empire.

What is the Bulgarian Alphabet?

The language of Bulgarians is mostly spoken in Bulgaria and is not used around the globe as a trade language. The language is closely related to the Macedonian language. The two languages have a different set of characteristics that make them identifiable and different from every other Slavic language, which includes the elimination of case declension. One of the most unique additions to the language is the lack of a verb infinitive, which is present in most other Slavic and Romantic languages and used to denote the lack of conjugation of a term when speaking objectively about a subject.

Although Bulgarian is mostly spoken in Bulgaria, it is spoken (first language) by 6 million people around the world. This is due to the number of people in the Bulgarian Diaspora, the chief of which is settled in the Bessarabia region, which was split into different countries after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

History of the Bulgarian Alphabet

Bulgarian has made history as the first Slavic language that was attested in the written word. Slavic linguistic unity lasted into the late antiquity period; even the oldest manuscripts referred to Bulgarian as "The Slavic Language", and were known in the middle Bulgarian period as "The Bulgarian Language".

During the Middle Bulgarian period, the language has undergone dramatic changes, including the loss of the Slavonic case system which preserved the rich verb system - a stark contrast to the development of all other Slavic languages. After the collapse of the Byzantine empire, the Ottoman empire took control of the region for the next five centuries. This influenced many of the languages in the area, which includes a heavy influence on the Bulgarian language - mostly lexically. After the European national revival in the 19th century, Bulgaria underwent a significant reform to return the language to be closer to the Old Slavonic Church Bulgarian.