Nepali Alphabet

What is Nepal?

Nepal, which was formerly known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in the region of South Asia. Most of the topography is covered by the Himalayas, but it also includes many parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain which borders China, Tibet, India, Bangladesh, and Bhutan. Nepal is extremely fertile and has eight of the world's tallest ten mountains, which includes Mount Everest. Mount Everest is considered the tallest point on Earth.

Due to the nature of Nepal's unique position in South Asia, it has been influenced by many different surrounding countries. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu and it is also the nation's largest city. The name "Nepal" was first recorded in texts from the Vedic period in the surrounding Indian subcontinent. The era when Hinduism was founded, became the predominant religion of ancient Nepal. Nepal is also home to Gautama Buddha, who was the founder of Buddhism, known as Prince Siddhartha.

The constitution of the current state of Nepal was adopted in 2015, which affirmed the country as a secular republic that was divided into seven different provinces. Nepal has been a significant contributor to the United Nations' peacekeeping operations throughout history.

What is the Nepali Language?

Nepali is an Indo-Aryan language and it is the official language of Nepal, and one of 22 scheduled languages known throughout the Indian state and population. It is also spoken by a significant number of people that live in Bhutan. Nepali is also spoken in the country of Myanmar by the Burmese Gurkha, and also by the Nepali diaspora, which is mostly found in the Middle East and the country of Brunei.

The name of the Nepali language was Khas Kura, which was not in itself a language, but a dialect spoken in the region of Karnali.

History of Nepali Language

There are many different instances throughout history which muddle the actual origin of the language and the etymology of the word. The earliest evidence is inscriptions that support a theory of linguistic intrusion from the Himalayas into the central Himalayas. The actual written Nepali language was the Dullu inscription, which was written during the reign of King Damupal in 981 CE. Nepali is most similar to the current languages of Sindhi, Punjabi, and Lahnda.

Modern Nepali, much like other languages, has developed over time and has been influenced by various economic, cultural, and geographical factors. The earliest use of the current Nepali dialect was in a manuscript dated 1648. Institutionalization of the Nepali language started with the Shah kings of the Gorkha Kingdom, which is the modern-day district of Gorkha in Nepal. The Gorkha king Dravya Shah had established himself on the throne with the help of the local Magars and Khas group of peoples. In the 18th century, the descendant Prithvi Narayan Shah raised and modernized the army of nearby peoples in the Himalayas to conquer many other principalities of the region.

In the 20th century, expansion reached a breaking point as Nepal entered conflicts with the Chinese and British.