The Roman Empire was one of the most notable influences in history which have completely reformed and still influence many systems today. The original tale was about the brothers Romulus and Remus, who were orphaned brothers that were said to have been raised by wolves. Romulus eventually kills his brother in a show of savagery during their quest for power. The Roman Empire first came to rise through the unification of certain Italian tribes around the Iberian peninsula. The unification of the Roman Empire is estimated to have initially been marked by the final destruction of the Etruscan people, which were one of two different cultures which had greatly influenced the Roman culture and religion, with the other one being Greek or Hellenic influences.
The Roman Empire began as a republic that mimicked the democratic system that was initially thought to be developed by the Greeks. After many reforms, Julius Caesar eventually seized control of the Senate, stating that he would take over temporarily due to military urgency. Although he was murdered, his great nephew Caeser Augustus became the first emperor of the official Roman Empire. The Roman Empire fell in the 5th century BC, and most of the people migrated to the Eastern empire, which was eventually known as the Byzantine Empire.
The Roman alphabet is the most popular derivative of the alphabet that is still used today in most languages, with the second being Cyrillic. The Latin alphabet may refer to different things, which includes the modern Latin alphabet. The modern Latin alphabet is used by many romantic languages, such as French, or even for non-romantic languages such as English - which was used to write this article itself. The Latin alphabet was derived from an old italic alphabet, which had been used by the neighboring Etruscan tribe. The Etruscan alphabet was used by the Cumae - which came from the Phoenician alphabet. The Phoenician alphabet was said to be developed from studying hieroglyphic writing, which had been used for thousands of years in ancient Egypt.
The Latin alphabet was developed after the fall of the Roman Empire for writing romance languages, but it also influenced many Germanic, Celtic, Baltic, and even some Slavic languages. Latin script was most common throughout Europe due to the Christianisation of many nations, which used Latin as a basis for religious texts.
The origins of older Latin were derived from the Etruscan alphabet, which included 21 different letters and characters. The letter C, for example, was a Latinized form of the Greek letter gamma but was used interchangeably for k and g sounds - which was lacking in Etruscan languages. The alphabet has changed throughout the years and eventually dropped the "Z" sound, which was not used in many cases, and replaced it with the letter "G" - changing the position of the letter "C" in the language. The letters Z and Y were readopted in the 1st century BC after the Roman conquest of Greece.