Urdu Alphabet

What is Iran?

Iran, which is officially named the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country located in Western Asia. Iran is also called Persia, mostly by its citizens, as a recognition of being the remnants of a once great empire that engulfed much of the world in antiquity. Iran is bordered by Turkey, Iraq, Azerbaijan, and many other countries to the east and south. Iran is the second-largest country in the Middle East by population size and is the 4th largest country by land mass that is entirely in Asia.

Iran is considered home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world. The first known recorded kingdom was the formation of the Elamite kingdom in the fourth millennium BC. Iran was first unified by the Medes people, who migrated to the area in the 7th century BC. the territorial height of the Persian Empire reached its peak during the 6th century BC with the founding of the Achaemenid Persian Empire - and was considered the largest empire at the time and one of the largest empires in history. This would continue until the succession of the Sassanid Empire in the 3rd century AD.

What is the Urdu Alphabet?

The Urdu alphabet is read right to left and used for the Urdu language. The Urdu language is a modification of the original Persian alphabet, which was derived from the Arabic alphabet. The Urdu alphabet has multiple letters with 40 distinct letters but does not have any letter cases. Translations and transliterations from Urdu into the common Latin alphabet cannot transfer over phonemic elements as they have no English equivalent, so much of the pronunciation is lost in translation.

The Urdu script is an abjad script, which has been changed from the Arabic script with a Persian influence. The Urdu script, as an abjad, shows only long vowels and consonants. In this way, short vowels are therefore inferred through the relationship between the vowels and the consonants that work together in either the written script or the spoken word. Semitic languages, such as Hebrew and Arabic, are able to properly translate and understand the Urdu script - but it is difficult to communicate with those that have Latin or Cyrillic bases. Urdu and Semitic languages need memorization as they require precise pronunciation.

What is the History of the Urdu Alphabet?

The origins of the Urdu script can be found in 13th century AD Iran. It is a derivative of a Perso-Arabic script and has many influences from these regional powers. Interestingly, the first Urdu typewriter was invented in 1911, but newspapers continued to handwrite their prints until the 1980s, due to the complexity of the language. To this day, the Urdu language has not been properly, and simply, translated into abilities to speak online without difficulty.

Urdu is mainly spoken in the Indian subcontinent but has been mainly adopted by Pakistani locals and the diaspora. This means that countries such as the UK, the US, Saudi Arabia, and Canada have large Urdu-speaking populations.