The Bronx is one of the five boroughs of New York City. It is the northernmost borough and is part of Bronx County, one of the most densely-populated counties in the nation. The total area of the borough is 57 square miles, making it just the fourth-largest borough by area. The Bronx has a population of 1,471,160 people as of 2017, and it is the fourth most populous borough in New York. Its population density is over 35,000 people per square mile, making it the third most densely populated of the five total boroughs.
Breaking down the population by race shows that 45.8% of the borough’s population is white. Over 43% of the population is black of African American, over 4% is Asian, 3% are Native American, and over 3% are mixed race. Over 54% of the population is of Hispanic or Latino origin. In the 1940s, over 98% of the population of the Bronx was white. This number has dropped dramatically and now, the borough is considered to be one of the most diverse areas in the nation. Over 31% of the population was born in another country. Over 55% of the population speaks a language other than English at home. Only about 44.3% of the population speaks English at home. Over 45% speak Spanish.
Nearly 30% of the population is under age 18. The largest age group is the 25 to 44 group, which makes up over 30% of the population. There are more females than males living in the Bronx, with 87 males for every 100 females. About 30.7% of the total population residing in the Bronx lives below the federal poverty line.
The population of the Bronx was last estimated to be 1.47 million as of 2017. This reflects growth of over 6% since the last census taken in 2010. The population has seen significant growth since the early 19th century but did see a steep drop in population between 1970 and 1980. However, the population has since rebounded and has not almost reached the peak that was achieved at the time of the 1970 census. Looking back over the last several decades and the growth that has been recorded indicates that this populous borough still has more growth ahead in its future.
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 77.52%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 36.43%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
41.76% of Bronx residents speak only English, while 58.24% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 47.07% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Bronx is Native, with 34.31% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Bronx is White, with 13.7% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.44%. Among those working part-time, it was 25.06%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 41.22%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is 45-54, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Bronx
67.39% of Bronx residents were born in the United States, with 54.07% having been born in NY. 16.72% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.