Hamilton Population 2016

536,917

The population of Hamilton was recorded at 536,917 in the 2016 Canadian Census, and was recorded at 519,949 in the 2011 census. This is a change in population of 16,968, which is a growth rate of 0.64%.

Hamilton is a major port city in Ontario, Canada. Hamilton is known for the Royal Botanical Gardens and the Canadian Football Hall of Fame. It's also a popular site for film and TV production, and it's quickly gaining a reputation for its thriving art scene. In 2015, Hamilton had an estimated population of 520,000 in the city proper, which makes it the 10th largest city in Canada.

City Size and Population Density

Hamilton proper has a population density of 465 people per square mile (1,205/square mile). The urban area has 670,000 residents while the larger metropolitan area has a population of 721,000, which ranks 9th in the country. The city of Hamilton covers a total surface area of 1,138.11 square kilometers (439.43 square miles).

Hamilton Demographics

The 2006 census found that over 20% of people in Hamilton were born outside of Canada, which is the third-highest foreign-born proportion in the country after Toronto (49%) and Vancouver (39%). Between the 2001 and 2006 census, the foreign-born population of the city grew by almost 8%. Half of the new immigrants who arrived in Hamilton were born in the Middle East and Asia, while 23% were from Europe.

The highest numbers of immigrants came from Italy (9% of immigrants), Poland (5%), India (5%), Portugal (4.5%), Philippines (4%), Croatia (4%), United States (3%), Iraq (3%), China (3%), and Germany (2.5%).

About 30% of residents say English is their only or one of their ethnic origins while 20% report Scottish ancestry. Hamilton also has a high number of people of Irish, Italian, and German descent.

Hamilton has become a major Canadian destination for immigrants since February 2014, when the city council voted to declare it a sanctuary city. Hamilton has a large number of French-speaking people (Francophones). Between 2006 and 2011, the Francophone community in the city grew by 50%.

Christianity is the most common religion in Hamilton at 68% of the population. Catholics are the largest denomination at 34%. Other major Christian denominations are United Church (6.5%), Anglican (6%), Presbyterian (3%), Christian Orthodox (3%), and other (10%). Other common religions in the city are Islam (4%), Buddhist (1%), Sikh (0.8%), and Jewish (0.7%). 25% of the population have no religious affiliation.

Hamilton Population Growth

Hamilton isn't growing as fast as other cities, but its 3.1% growth rate over five years is still steady. Much of this growth is driven by businesses and residents from Toronto relocating for the region's lower cost of living as well as immigrants seeking the benefits of the sanctuary city.

Hamilton Population 2016

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Avg. Age
41.3
Median Age
41.5

Age Count
0 to 428,275
5 to 929,355
10 to 1429,485
15 to 1932,130
20 to 2436,710
25 to 2935,720
30 to 3434,725
35 to 3932,400
40 to 4432,755
45 to 4936,350
50 to 5441,950
55 to 5940,075
60 to 6434,085
65 to 6929,340
70 to 7421,055
75 to 7916,110
80 to 8412,470
85 to 898,685
90 to 944,165
95 to 99955

Hamilton Age Distribution

Marital Status

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Status Count %
Divorced28,9457.55%
Married208,70054.44%
Never Married131,06534.19%
Separated14,6803.83%

Hamilton Basic Marriage Statistics

Spoken Language

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Language Count %
English489,91092.33%
French3750.07%
English and French30,5305.75%
Other9,8151.85%

Hamilton Language Spoken

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Pay (annual) Count % of Total
< 10k60,81514.40%
10k to 19k74,26517.59%
20k to 29k61,20514.49%
30k to 39k48,71511.54%
40k to 49k42,88010.16%
50k to 59k33,3957.91%
60k to 69k25,5706.06%
70k to 79k18,8204.46%
80k to 89k14,5503.45%
90k to 99k12,6302.99%
> 100k29,4106.96%

$43,966

Avg. Income


$32,917

Median Income

Hamilton Income Data

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Hamilton Urban Area Population

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
2035863,9670.83%7,098
2034856,8690.84%7,134
2033849,7350.85%7,173
2032842,5620.86%7,210
2031835,3520.87%7,237
2030828,1150.88%7,239
2029820,8760.88%7,198
2028813,6780.88%7,090
2027806,5880.86%6,896
2026799,6920.83%6,609
2025793,0830.79%6,240
2024786,8430.74%5,796
2023781,0470.68%5,296
2022775,7510.62%4,775
2021770,9760.56%4,288
2020766,6880.51%3,880
2019762,8080.47%3,605
2018759,2030.73%5,465
2017753,7380.73%5,426
2016748,3120.73%5,387
2015742,9250.72%5,340
2014737,5850.72%5,301
2013732,2840.72%5,257
2012727,0270.72%5,233
2011721,7940.79%5,664
2010716,1300.80%5,698
2009710,4320.80%5,645
2008704,7870.80%5,615
2007699,1720.80%5,563
2006693,6090.89%6,128
2005687,4810.90%6,151
2004681,3300.91%6,114
2003675,2160.90%6,051
2002669,1650.90%5,996
2001663,1691.15%7,547
2000655,6221.19%7,719
1999647,9031.19%7,617
1998640,2861.19%7,528
1997632,7581.19%7,429
1996625,3290.87%5,371
1995619,9580.82%5,020
1994614,9380.82%4,979
1993609,9590.82%4,932
1992605,0270.82%4,906
1991600,1211.44%8,511
1990591,6101.49%8,676
1989582,9341.49%8,538
1988574,3961.49%8,435
1987565,9611.49%8,300
1986557,6610.45%2,482
1985555,1790.36%1,994
1984553,1850.36%1,992
1983551,1930.36%1,982
1982549,2110.36%1,975
1981547,2360.64%3,459
1980543,7770.66%3,570
1979540,2070.66%3,542
1978536,6650.66%3,519
1977533,1460.66%3,490
1976529,6561.16%6,098
1975523,5581.21%6,246
1974517,3121.21%6,174
1973511,1381.21%6,091
1972505,0471.21%6,035
1971499,0122.03%9,951
1970489,0612.11%10,102
1969478,9592.11%9,880
1968469,0792.11%9,703
1967459,3762.11%9,489
1966449,8872.55%11,194
1965438,6932.59%11,066
1964427,6272.59%10,816
1963416,8112.59%10,528
1962406,2832.59%10,262
1961396,0213.69%14,090
1960381,9313.80%13,979
1959367,9523.79%13,449
1958354,5033.79%12,958
1957341,5453.79%12,467
1956329,0783.80%12,044
1955317,0343.79%11,588
1954305,4463.79%11,165
1953294,2813.79%10,742
1952283,5393.80%10,377
1951273,1623.79%9,985
1950263,1770.00%

Hamilton Population Data (Urban Area)

  1. Canada Census Data - Official Canadian Census Data.
  2. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources