Total Population by Country 2020

Not surprisingly, the largest countries in the world in terms of population are China and India, with both countries now having populations of well over a billion. The United States comes in third with just under 325 million residents. The BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China), generally regarded as the four major emerging economies expected to dominate in the 21st century, are all in the top ten most populous countries, indicating how important the sheer size of their populations are to their economic expansion.

However, a number of countries considered by the International Monetary Fund to be developing countries (that is, having not achieved a high degree of industrialization relative to their populations, and where the population typically has a medium to low standard of living) also have sizeable populations, including Nigeria (over 190 million), Bangladesh (almost 165 million) and Mexico (around 129 million), demonstrating that the issues affecting developing nations span multiple continents.

It is notable that a number of the largest economies in the world have smaller populations, particularly in Europe. The United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Italy are all among the top ten largest economies and all have populations of under 100 million. Their numbers range from 82 million (Germany) to just under 60 million (Italy).

Furthermore, several extremely small countries, such as Monaco, Luxembourg, and the Cayman Islands - all with fewer than a million residents - play a much larger role in the financial world than their population numbers would suggest. In contrast, Canada, which is also a major economic player and one of the largest countries in the world by landmass, has a relatively small population for its size, with around 36.5 million residents.

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Rank Country 2020 Population 2019 Population Growth Rate Area (km²) 2018 Density
1China1,439,323,776 1,433,783,686 0.39%9,706,961148/km²
2India1,380,004,385 1,366,417,754 0.99%3,287,590416/km²
3United States331,002,651 329,064,917 0.59%9,372,61035/km²
4Indonesia273,523,615 270,625,568 1.07%1,904,569142/km²
5Pakistan220,892,340 216,565,318 2.00%881,912246/km²
6Brazil212,559,417 211,049,527 0.72%8,515,76725/km²
7Nigeria206,139,589 200,963,599 2.58%923,768218/km²
8Bangladesh164,689,383 163,046,161 1.01%147,5701,105/km²
9Russia145,934,462 145,872,256 0.04%17,098,2429/km²
10Mexico128,932,753 127,575,529 1.06%1,964,37565/km²
11Japan126,476,461 126,860,301 -0.30%377,930336/km²
12Ethiopia114,963,588 112,078,730 2.57%1,104,300101/km²
13Philippines109,581,078 108,116,615 1.35%342,353316/km²
14Egypt102,334,404 100,388,073 1.94%1,002,450100/km²
15Vietnam97,338,579 96,462,106 0.91%331,212291/km²
16DR Congo89,561,403 86,790,567 3.19%2,344,85837/km²
17Turkey84,339,067 83,429,615 1.09%783,562106/km²
18Iran83,992,949 82,913,906 1.30%1,648,19550/km²
19Germany83,783,942 83,517,045 0.32%357,114234/km²
20Thailand69,799,978 69,625,582 0.25%513,120136/km²
21United Kingdom67,886,011 67,530,172 0.53%242,900278/km²
22France65,273,511 65,129,728 0.22%551,695118/km²
23Italy60,461,826 60,550,075 -0.15%301,336201/km²
24Tanzania59,734,218 58,005,463 2.98%945,08761/km²
25South Africa59,308,690 58,558,270 1.28%1,221,03748/km²
26Myanmar54,409,800 54,045,420 0.67%676,57880/km²
27Kenya53,771,296 52,573,973 2.28%580,36791/km²
28South Korea51,269,185 51,225,308 0.09%100,210511/km²
29Colombia50,882,891 50,339,443 1.08%1,141,74844/km²
30Spain46,754,778 46,736,776 0.04%505,99292/km²
31Uganda45,741,007 44,269,594 3.32%241,550183/km²
32Argentina45,195,774 44,780,677 0.93%2,780,40016/km²
33Algeria43,851,044 43,053,054 1.85%2,381,74118/km²
34Sudan43,849,260 42,813,238 2.42%1,886,06823/km²
35Ukraine43,733,762 43,993,638 -0.59%603,50073/km²
36Iraq40,222,493 39,309,783 2.32%438,31790/km²
37Afghanistan38,928,346 38,041,754 2.33%652,23058/km²
38Poland37,846,611 37,887,768 -0.11%312,679121/km²
39Canada37,742,154 37,411,047 0.89%9,984,6704/km²
40Morocco36,910,560 36,471,769 1.20%446,55082/km²
41Saudi Arabia34,813,871 34,268,528 1.59%2,149,69016/km²
42Uzbekistan33,469,203 32,981,716 1.48%447,40074/km²
43Peru32,971,854 32,510,453 1.42%1,285,21625/km²
44Angola32,866,272 31,825,295 3.27%1,246,70026/km²
45Malaysia32,365,999 31,949,777 1.30%330,80397/km²
46Mozambique31,255,435 30,366,036 2.93%801,59038/km²
47Ghana31,072,940 30,417,856 2.15%238,533128/km²
48Yemen29,825,964 29,161,922 2.28%527,96855/km²
49Nepal29,136,808 28,608,710 1.85%147,181194/km²
50Venezuela28,435,940 28,515,829 -0.28%916,44531/km²
51Madagascar27,691,018 26,969,307 2.68%587,04146/km²
52Cameroon26,545,863 25,876,380 2.59%475,44254/km²
53Ivory Coast26,378,274 25,716,544 2.57%322,46380/km²
54North Korea25,778,816 25,666,161 0.44%120,538213/km²
55Australia25,499,884 25,203,198 1.18%7,692,0243/km²
56Niger24,206,644 23,310,715 3.84%1,267,00018/km²
57Taiwan23,816,775 23,773,876 0.18%36,193657/km²
58Sri Lanka21,413,249 21,323,733 0.42%65,610325/km²
59Burkina Faso20,903,273 20,321,378 2.86%272,96774/km²
60Mali20,250,833 19,658,031 3.02%1,240,19216/km²
61Romania19,237,691 19,364,557 -0.66%238,39181/km²
62Malawi19,129,952 18,628,747 2.69%118,484157/km²
63Chile19,116,201 18,952,038 0.87%756,10225/km²
64Kazakhstan18,776,707 18,551,427 1.21%2,724,9007/km²
65Zambia18,383,955 17,861,030 2.93%752,61224/km²
66Guatemala17,915,568 17,581,472 1.90%108,889161/km²
67Ecuador17,643,054 17,373,662 1.55%276,84163/km²
68Syria17,500,658 17,070,135 2.52%185,18092/km²
69Netherlands17,134,872 17,097,130 0.22%41,850409/km²
70Senegal16,743,927 16,296,364 2.75%196,72283/km²
71Cambodia16,718,965 16,486,542 1.41%181,03591/km²
72Chad16,425,864 15,946,876 3.00%1,284,00012/km²
73Somalia15,893,222 15,442,905 2.92%637,65724/km²
74Zimbabwe14,862,924 14,645,468 1.48%390,75737/km²
75Guinea13,132,795 12,771,246 2.83%245,85752/km²
76Rwanda12,952,218 12,626,950 2.58%26,338479/km²
77Benin12,123,200 11,801,151 2.73%112,622105/km²
78Burundi11,890,784 11,530,580 3.12%27,834414/km²
79Tunisia11,818,619 11,694,719 1.06%163,61071/km²
80Bolivia11,673,021 11,513,100 1.39%1,098,58110/km²
81Belgium11,589,623 11,539,328 0.44%30,528378/km²
82Haiti11,402,528 11,263,077 1.24%27,750406/km²
83Cuba11,326,616 11,333,483 -0.06%109,884103/km²
84South Sudan11,193,725 11,062,113 1.19%619,74518/km²
85Dominican Republic10,847,910 10,738,958 1.01%48,671221/km²
86Czech Republic10,708,981 10,689,209 0.18%78,865136/km²
87Greece10,423,054 10,473,455 -0.48%131,99079/km²
88Jordan10,203,134 10,101,694 1.00%89,342113/km²
89Portugal10,196,709 10,226,187 -0.29%92,090111/km²
90Azerbaijan10,139,177 10,047,718 0.91%86,600116/km²
91Sweden10,099,265 10,036,379 0.63%450,29522/km²
92Honduras9,904,607 9,746,117 1.63%112,49287/km²
93United Arab Emirates9,890,402 9,770,529 1.23%83,600117/km²
94Hungary9,660,351 9,684,679 -0.25%93,028104/km²
95Tajikistan9,537,645 9,321,018 2.32%143,10065/km²
96Belarus9,449,323 9,452,411 -0.03%207,60046/km²
97Austria9,006,398 8,955,102 0.57%83,871107/km²
98Papua New Guinea8,947,024 8,776,109 1.95%462,84019/km²
99Serbia8,737,371 8,772,235 -0.40%88,36199/km²
100Israel8,655,535 8,519,377 1.60%20,770410/km²
101Switzerland8,654,622 8,591,365 0.74%41,284208/km²
102Togo8,278,724 8,082,366 2.43%56,785142/km²
103Sierra Leone7,976,983 7,813,215 2.10%71,740109/km²
104Hong Kong7,496,981 7,436,154 0.82%1,1046,736/km²
105Laos7,275,560 7,169,455 1.48%236,80030/km²
106Paraguay7,132,538 7,044,636 1.25%406,75217/km²
107Bulgaria6,948,445 7,000,119 -0.74%110,87963/km²
108Libya6,871,292 6,777,452 1.38%1,759,5404/km²
109Lebanon6,825,445 6,855,713 -0.44%10,452656/km²
110Nicaragua6,624,554 6,545,502 1.21%130,37350/km²
111Kyrgyzstan6,524,195 6,415,850 1.69%199,95132/km²
112El Salvador6,486,205 6,453,553 0.51%21,041307/km²
113Turkmenistan6,031,200 5,942,089 1.50%488,10012/km²
114Singapore5,850,342 5,804,337 0.79%7108,175/km²
115Denmark5,792,202 5,771,876 0.35%43,094134/km²
116Finland5,540,720 5,532,156 0.15%338,42416/km²
117Republic of the Congo5,518,087 5,380,508 2.56%342,00016/km²
118Slovakia5,459,642 5,457,013 0.05%49,037111/km²
119Norway5,421,241 5,378,857 0.79%323,80217/km²
120Oman5,106,626 4,974,986 2.65%309,50016/km²
121Palestine5,101,414 4,981,420 2.41%6,220801/km²
122Costa Rica5,094,118 5,047,561 0.92%51,10099/km²
123Liberia5,057,681 4,937,374 2.44%111,36944/km²
124Ireland4,937,786 4,882,495 1.13%70,27369/km²
125Central African Republic4,829,767 4,745,185 1.78%622,9848/km²
126New Zealand4,822,233 4,783,063 0.82%270,46718/km²
127Mauritania4,649,658 4,525,696 2.74%1,030,7004/km²
128Panama4,314,767 4,246,439 1.61%75,41756/km²
129Kuwait4,270,571 4,207,083 1.51%17,818236/km²
130Croatia4,105,267 4,130,304 -0.61%56,59473/km²
131Moldova4,033,963 4,043,263 -0.23%33,846119/km²
132Georgia3,989,167 3,996,765 -0.19%69,70057/km²
133Eritrea3,546,421 3,497,117 1.41%117,60030/km²
134Uruguay3,473,730 3,461,734 0.35%181,03419/km²
135Bosnia and Herzegovina3,280,819 3,301,000 -0.61%51,20964/km²
136Mongolia3,278,290 3,225,167 1.65%1,564,1102/km²
137Armenia2,963,243 2,957,731 0.19%29,74399/km²
138Jamaica2,961,167 2,948,279 0.44%10,991268/km²
139Qatar2,881,053 2,832,067 1.73%11,586244/km²
140Albania2,877,797 2,880,917 -0.11%28,748100/km²
141Puerto Rico2,860,853 2,933,408 -2.47%8,870331/km²
142Lithuania2,722,289 2,759,627 -1.35%65,30042/km²
143Namibia2,540,905 2,494,530 1.86%825,6153/km²
144Gambia2,416,668 2,347,706 2.94%10,689220/km²
145Botswana2,351,627 2,303,697 2.08%582,0004/km²
146Gabon2,225,734 2,172,579 2.45%267,6688/km²
147Lesotho2,142,249 2,125,268 0.80%30,35570/km²
148Macedonia2,083,374 2,083,459 -0.00%25,71381/km²
149Slovenia2,078,938 2,078,654 0.01%20,273103/km²
150Guinea-Bissau1,968,001 1,920,922 2.45%36,12553/km²
151Latvia1,886,198 1,906,743 -1.08%64,55930/km²
152Bahrain1,701,575 1,641,172 3.68%7652,145/km²
153Equatorial Guinea1,402,985 1,355,986 3.47%28,05148/km²
154Trinidad and Tobago1,399,488 1,394,973 0.32%5,130272/km²
155Estonia1,326,535 1,325,648 0.07%45,22729/km²
156Timor-Leste1,318,445 1,293,119 1.96%14,87487/km²
157Mauritius1,271,768 1,269,668 0.17%2,040622/km²
158Cyprus1,207,359 1,198,575 0.73%9,251130/km²
159Swaziland1,160,164 1,148,130 1.05%17,36466/km²
160Djibouti988,000 973,560 1.48%23,20042/km²
161Fiji896,445 889,953 0.73%18,27249/km²
162Reunion895,312 888,927 0.72%2,511354/km²
163Comoros869,601 850,886 2.20%1,862457/km²
164Guyana786,552 782,766 0.48%214,9694/km²
165Bhutan771,608 763,092 1.12%38,39420/km²
166Solomon Islands686,884 669,823 2.55%28,89623/km²
167Macau649,335 640,445 1.39%3021,348/km²
168Montenegro628,066 627,987 0.01%13,81245/km²
169Luxembourg625,978 615,729 1.66%2,586238/km²
170Western Sahara597,339 582,463 2.55%266,0002/km²
171Suriname586,632 581,372 0.90%163,8204/km²
172Cape Verde555,987 549,935 1.10%4,033136/km²
173Maldives540,544 530,953 1.81%3001,770/km²
174Malta441,543 440,372 0.27%3161,394/km²
175Brunei437,479 433,285 0.97%5,76575/km²
176Guadeloupe400,124 400,056 0.02%1,628246/km²
177Belize397,628 390,353 1.86%22,96617/km²
178Bahamas393,244 389,482 0.97%13,94328/km²
179Martinique375,265 375,554 -0.08%1,128333/km²
180Iceland341,243 339,031 0.65%103,0003/km²
181Vanuatu307,145 299,882 2.42%12,18925/km²
182French Guiana298,682 290,832 2.70%83,5343/km²
183Barbados287,375 287,025 0.12%430668/km²
184New Caledonia285,498 282,750 0.97%18,57515/km²
185French Polynesia280,908 279,287 0.58%4,16767/km²
186Mayotte272,815 266,150 2.50%374712/km²
187Sao Tome and Principe219,159 215,056 1.91%964223/km²
188Samoa198,414 197,097 0.67%2,84269/km²
189Saint Lucia183,627 182,790 0.46%616297/km²
190Guam168,775 167,294 0.89%549305/km²
191Curacao164,093 163,424 0.41%444368/km²
192Kiribati119,449 117,606 1.57%811145/km²
193Micronesia115,023 113,815 1.06%702162/km²
194Grenada112,523 112,003 0.46%344326/km²
195Saint Vincent and the Grenadines110,940 110,589 0.32%389284/km²
196Aruba106,766 106,314 0.43%180591/km²
197Tonga105,695 104,494 1.15%747140/km²
198United States Virgin Islands104,425 104,578 -0.15%347301/km²
199Seychelles98,347 97,739 0.62%452216/km²
200Antigua and Barbuda97,929 97,118 0.84%442220/km²
201Isle of Man85,033 84,584 0.53%572148/km²
202Andorra77,265 77,142 0.16%468165/km²
203Dominica71,986 71,808 0.25%75196/km²
204Cayman Islands65,722 64,948 1.19%264246/km²
205Bermuda62,278 62,506 -0.36%541,158/km²
206Marshall Islands59,190 58,791 0.68%181325/km²
207Northern Mariana Islands57,559 57,216 0.60%464123/km²
208Greenland56,770 56,672 0.17%2,166,0860/km²
209American Samoa55,191 55,312 -0.22%199278/km²
210Saint Kitts and Nevis53,199 52,823 0.71%261202/km²
211Faroe Islands48,863 48,678 0.38%1,39335/km²
212Sint Maarten42,876 42,388 1.15%341,247/km²
213Monaco39,242 38,964 0.71%2.0219,289/km²
214Turks and Caicos Islands38,717 38,191 1.38%94840/km²
215Saint Martin38,666 38,002 1.75%53717/km²
216Liechtenstein38,128 38,019 0.29%160238/km²
217San Marino33,931 33,860 0.21%61555/km²
218Gibraltar33,691 33,701 -0.03%65,617/km²
219British Virgin Islands30,231 30,030 0.67%151199/km²
220Palau18,094 18,008 0.48%45939/km²
221Cook Islands17,564 17,548 0.09%23674/km²
222Anguilla15,003 14,869 0.90%91163/km²
223Tuvalu11,792 11,646 1.25%26448/km²
224Wallis and Futuna11,239 11,432 -1.69%14281/km²
225Nauru10,824 10,756 0.63%21512/km²
226Saint Barthélemy9,877 9,847 0.30%21469/km²
227Saint Pierre and Miquelon5,794 5,822 -0.48%24224/km²
228Montserrat4,992 4,989 0.06%10249/km²
229Falkland Islands3,480 3,377 3.05%12,1730/km²
230Niue1,626 1,615 0.68%2606/km²
231Tokelau1,357 1,340 1.27%12112/km²
232Vatican City801 799 0.25%0.441,816/km²

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  1. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.