Afghanistan Population 2020 (Live)

38,930,838

According to current projections, Afghanistan is expected to continue growing at a steady pace until it reaches its peak population of 77.03 million in 2084. After then, it will slowly begin to decline. The United Nations projects that Afghanistan’s population will reach 64.68 million by 2050.

Afghanistan’s population is growing at a rate of 2.33% per year. The country is seeing negative net migration due to internal conflict; however, its fertility rate of 4.56 births per woman still pushes the population up. Because of the high fertility rate, the population is very young, with a median age of 18.4 years.

Afghanistan faces issues regarding its stability and economic standing as the population growth outpaces its economic development.

The current population of Afghanistan is 38,930,838, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 38,928,346.

Afghanistan Growth Rate

Afghanistan Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Kabul3,043,532
Kandahar391,190
Mazar-e Sharif303,282
Herat272,806
Jalalabad200,331
Kunduz161,902
Ghazni141,000
Balkh114,883
Baghlan108,449
Gardez103,601

Most Afghans live in rural areas in tribal and kinship groups. Around 10% of the population lives in the capital city, Kabul. Kabul's 2015 population is estimated at 3.1 million, which makes it the only Afghan city with a population of more than 1 million. The second-largest city is Kandahar, with less than 400,000 people.

Afghanistan Population Density Map

Source:
Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202038,928,3462.33%59.6337150
201938,041,7542.34%58.2737150
201837,171,9212.41%56.9438151
201736,296,1132.58%55.6039151
201635,383,0322.82%54.2039152
201534,413,6033.35%52.7140152
201029,185,5072.61%44.7040159
200525,654,2774.30%39.3045161
200020,779,9532.79%31.8348168
199518,110,6577.85%27.7450172
199012,412,3080.78%19.0157179
198511,938,208-2.22%18.2956176
198013,356,5111.03%20.4651166
197512,689,1602.58%19.4448165
197011,173,6422.33%17.1148165
19659,956,3202.05%15.2547166
19608,996,9731.70%13.7848166
19558,270,9911.30%12.6748161
19507,752,1180.00%11.8746159

Afghanistan Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202038,928,3462.33%59.6337150
202543,531,5192.26%66.6836148
203048,093,5782.01%73.6735144
203552,587,4081.80%80.5533138
204056,912,0091.59%87.1732136
204560,974,1131.39%93.4031133
205064,682,9741.19%99.0832127
205567,992,2021.00%104.1530123
206070,844,6940.83%108.5130122
206573,185,2950.65%112.1030121
207074,975,4070.48%114.8430121
207576,199,3460.32%116.7229121
208076,870,2250.18%117.7430121
208577,016,2570.04%117.9731122
209076,692,974-0.08%117.4733120
209575,974,256-0.19%116.3736120

Afghanistan Population by Year (Projections)

Afghanistan Population Pyramid 2020

Afghanistan Population by Age

There are 19,095,081 adults in Afghanistan.

Afghanistan Population Pyramid

According to current projections, Afghanistan is expected to continue growing at a steady pace until it reaches its peak population of 77.03 million in 2084. After then, it will slowly begin to decline. The United Nations projects that Afghanistan’s population will reach 64.68 million by 2050.

Afghanistan’s population is growing at a rate of 2.33% per year. The country is seeing negative net migration due to internal conflict; however, its fertility rate of 4.56 births per woman still pushes the population up. Because of the high fertility rate, the population is very young, with a median age of 18.4 years.

Afghanistan faces issues regarding its stability and economic standing as the population growth outpaces its economic development.

About Afghanistan

  1. Guide to Russia
  2. The Guardian
  3. International Religious Freedom Report (2013)
  4. Central Statistics Organization
  5. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    <p>Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1979 census and 2003-05 Household listing, with the associated population by age and sex based on a 1/200 household sample from the 2003-05 Household listing, the 2007/08 National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment Survey, the 2011 MICS4 survey, the 2014 ALCS estimate (including 1.5 million nomads), and with with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. The 2010 AMS sample was also considered. The 1979 census enumerated the settled population only; an attempt was made to adjusted for the number of Kuchi (nomads), reported to be about 800,000 at the times.</p>

  6. GeoNames Gazetteer