The Caucasian race is a group of people that originated from Europe. This race is also commonly known as “white” or “white-skinned,” although some people debate the current usage of the term. The term was first introduced in the 18th century at the Gottingen School of History when the term “Caucasoid” was used to describe one of three major races. During this time period, populations of Caucasoid had many different skin colors, from white to dark brown. This is because members of this race originated from Europe, Western Asia, South Asia, Central Asia, the Horn of Africa, and North Africa.
Some characteristics of the Caucasoid race include a thinner dermis of the skin, a lower amount of melanin in the skin, small mouths, and a narrow nose.
In the 19th century, classification of the Caucasoid race was further broken down into three ethnolinguistic groups. These groups included the Aryans, Semitics, and Hamitics. There are also a number of subraces, including Atlantic, Arabid, Iranid, Armenoid, Nordic, Alpine, and Mediterranean, to name a few.
When taking the meaning of the word “Caucasian” to mean light-skinned people with origins in Europe, you’ll find these groups all over the world. If you want to be more specific, you can just look at the Caucasus region. This specific region is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and is divided into two parts. Northern Caucasus is known as Ciscaucasia, while the region to the south is known as Transcaucasia.
The countries that are considered part of Caucasus include: