Of the 35 countries that make up the Americas – the combined continents of North and South America – the United States of America is by far the largest single country by population, with almost 327 million residents across the fifty states. This is followed by Brazil, with a population of 210,867,954, and Mexico, with its 130,759,074 residents. The largest cities in the Americas (Mexico City, New York, Los Angeles, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro) are also in these countries – each have more than ten million residents.
Although the United States is the most populous country in the Americas, it is not the largest by area. Canada is the largest single country by total area (and the second-largest in the world, after Russia), yet has a much smaller population than the United States, with 36,953,765 inhabitants – not many more than the South American country of Peru (32,551,815). Other South American countries with more than ten million residents include Cuba (11.4 million), Ecuador (16.8 million) and Chile (18.1 million).
A few countries in the Americans are comparatively tiny and, interestingly, these countries are only geographically American. They include the French-controlled archipelago of Saint Pierre and Miquelon in the northwestern Atlantic Ocean near the Newfoundland and Labrador province of Canada (6,342 inhabitants), the Caribbean island and British Overseas Territory of Montserrat (5,203 residents), and the Falkland Islands, another British Overseas Territory situated in the South Atlantic, with its population of just 2,922 inhabitants.