Death Rate By Country 2020

The death rate, also known as mortality rate, is the measure of the number of deaths in a particular population during a particular period of time. Typically, it is calculated as the number of deaths per one thousand people per year.

Mortality rates vary greatly between countries, and the causes for high mortality rates depend on specific factors in each country.

Diseases such as HIV/AIDs, malaria, Hepatitis B, and Tuberculosis plague South Africa, while lack of medical supplies and food are problematic in Zimbabwe. In general, high mortality rates can be the result of several things, such as communicable diseases, shortage of healthcare, malnutrition, cardiovascular diseases, violence, cancers, and accidents.

Countries with high mortality rates and relatively low fertility rates face the risk of population decline.

Bulgaria has the highest mortality rate in the world of 15.433 deaths per 1,000 people. According to the World Health Organization, the causes of death in Bulgaria are the same as those in other European countries, including noncommunicable diseases (diseases of the circulatory, digestive, or respiratory systems) and cancers.

The ten countries with the highest mortality rates in the world are:

  1. Bulgaria (15.433)
  2. Ukraine (15.192)
  3. Latvia (14.669)
  4. Lesotho (14.144)
  5. Lithuania (13.737)
  6. Serbia (13.194)
  7. Croatia (13.17)
  8. Romania (13.099)
  9. Georgia (12.816)
  10. Russia (12.785)

1. Bulgaria

Bulgaria has the highest mortality rate in the world of 15.433 deaths per 1,000 people. According to the World Health Organization, the causes of death in Bulgaria are the same as those in other European countries, including noncommunicable diseases (diseases of the circulatory, digestive, or respiratory systems) and cancers. Bulgaria is currently experiencing a population decline, starting at about 9 million in 2000 and expected to hit between 2.8 million and 5 million.

2. Ukraine

Ukraine has the second-highest mortality rate of 15.192 deaths per 1,000 people. Ukraine is considered to be in a demographic crisis because of its high mortality rate coupled with a low birthrate. Overall, Ukraine’s health care system is poorly financed and the country has high rates of diseases and disorders that can be otherwise managed and very low vaccination rates. One factor contributing to the mortality rate is the high death rate of working-age males from preventable causes such as alcohol poisoning and smoking. Additionally, Ukraine has one of the fastest-growing HIV/AIDS epidemics in the world and is currently suffering one of the worst measles epidemics as of June 2019.

3. Latvia

Latvia’s mortality rate is 14.669 per 100,000. Latvia also has an underfunded health care system and although life expectancy has improved greatly in Latvia, the country still lags behind the rest of the European Union, driven by greater exposure to risk factors among men, people with low education, and people with low income. Those with low education levels in Latvia have a life expectancy that is ten years lower than those with high education. Some common risk factors among Latvians are smoking, binge drinking, and obesity.

4. Lesotho

With a mortality rate of 12.144 deaths per 1,000 people, Lesotho has the fourth-highest mortality rate in the world. According to the CDC, the life expectancy at birth in Lesotho are 56 years for females and 52 years for males. The infant mortality rate is 59 per 1,000 live births. The leading causes of death are HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, stroke, lower respiratory infections, and ischemic heart disease.

5. Lithuania

Lithuania’s death rate is 13.737 deaths per 1,000. The World Health Organization reports that ischemic heart diseases and stroke are the two leading causes of death in Lithuania, with mortality rates four and two times above the average rates in the European Union respectively. Due to high smoking rates, lung cancer is now the third leading cause of death in Lithuania. Lithuania also has the lowest life expectancy in the EU of 74.8 years.

6. Serbia

Serbia’s death rate is 13.194 per 1,000, the sixth-highest in the world. According to a study, Serbia’s mortality rate was at its lowest in the 1960s, where it was between 8 and 9 deaths per 1,000. During the beginning 21st century, the rate was much higher, reaching 14 deaths per 1,000 at its highest. Demographically, Serbia is one of the oldest nations in Europe and its aging population has a large role in its death rate. Additionally, chronic non-communicable diseases and cardiovascular disease are the two leading causes of death. Serbia is also among the world’s ten countries with the highest smoking rate.

7. Croatia

Croatia’s mortality rate is 13.17 deaths per 1,000 people. The leading causes of death in Croatia are ischemic heart disease, stroke, Alzheimer’s, and lung cancer. About 25% of Croatian citizens smoke tobacco every day, higher than the EU average. Additionally, obesity rates are rising, especially in children, where the rate has grown more than 50% since 2001. While life expectancy has improved since 2000, rising from 74.6 to 78.3, it is still three years below the EU average.

8. Romania

Romania’s death rate is the eighth-highest in the world at 13.099 deaths per 1,000. The leading causes of death in Romania are cardiovascular disease, malignant tumors, digestive diseases, accidents, injuries and poisonings, and respiratory diseases. Additionally, the infant mortality rate in Romania the highest in the EU at about 8 per 1,000. This is likely because of the shortage of doctors. About 43,000 doctors have left Romania since 2007 to look for opportunities elsewhere.

9. Georgia

Georgia has a mortality rate of 12.816 deaths per 1,000. According to the World Health Organization, the leading causes of death are the same in most European nations: cancer, circulatory, respiratory, and digestive diseases, and injuries and poisoning. The premature mortality rate (for individuals under 65) has increased since 2000, with diseases of the circulatory system and cancers being the leading causes of death. Georgia has several risk factors for non-communicable diseases, including smoking tobacco, alcohol use, and overweight/obesity. The highest risk factors associated with disease in Georgia are dietary risks, high blood pressure, high body mass index, and tobacco use.

10. Russia

Russia finishes the ten countries with the highest death rates with a death rate of 12.785 per 1,000. Over half of the deaths in Russia are caused by cardiovascular disease. The second-most common cause of death is cancer, followed by suicide, road accidents, homicide, and alcohol poisoning. Alcohol abuse is a major problem in Russia, especially for men. The life expectancy is 66.4 years for men and 77.2 years for women.

Countries with low mortality rates have improved access to health, well-informed citizens, overall better nutrition, higher standards of living, and advancements in medicine.

Qatar has the lowest mortality rate in the world of 1.244 deaths per 1,000 people. This low mortality rate can be attributed to Qatar’s improved health care system, renowned for its technologically advanced facilities and some of the best patient care in the world.

The ten countries with the lowest mortality rates in the world are:

  1. Qatar (1.244)
  2. United Arab Emirates (1.519)
  3. Bahrain (2.416)
  4. Oman (2.446)
  5. Mayotte (2.71)
  6. Kuwait (2.787)
  7. Maldives (2.821)
  8. French Guiana (2.956)
  9. Palestine (3.462)
  10. Saudi Arabia (3.513)

Below is a table of each country’s death rate per 1,000 people.

Death Rate By Country 2020

Country Death Rate
Bulgaria15.433
Ukraine15.192
Latvia14.669
Lesotho14.144
Lithuania13.737
Serbia13.194
Croatia13.17
Romania13.099
Georgia12.816
Russia12.785
Hungary12.613
Belarus12.557
Central African Republic12.178
Chad12.045
Nigeria11.771
Estonia11.727
Sierra Leone11.698
Moldova11.697
Germany11.275
Greece10.924
Bosnia And Herzegovina10.8
Somalia10.778
Montenegro10.729
Portugal10.702
Japan10.646
Czech Republic10.571
Italy10.566
South Sudan10.43
Poland10.201
Slovenia10.044
Ivory Coast10.003
Slovakia9.968
Austria9.896
Armenia9.862
Finland9.795
Belgium9.789
Denmark9.783
Mali9.586
Guinea Bissau9.557
Grenada9.547
Puerto Rico9.54
South Africa9.494
Uruguay9.47
Dr Congo9.415
United Kingdom9.398
France9.317
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines9.281
Equatorial Guinea9.235
Martinique9.2
Cameroon9.191
Sweden9.165
North Korea9.159
Aruba9.135
Spain9.115
Cuba9.064
Barbados9.042
Netherlands8.812
Benin8.809
United States8.782
United States Virgin Islands8.702
Haiti8.51
Mauritius8.462
Trinidad And Tobago8.459
Togo8.426
Mozambique8.42
Malta8.385
Guinea8.369
Guadeloupe8.31
Myanmar8.24
Fiji8.229
Niger8.199
Angola8.155
Burkina Faso8.066
Namibia8.063
Switzerland8.051
Albania7.997
Zimbabwe7.983
Norway7.979
Burundi7.888
Seychelles7.853
Gambia7.817
Canada7.758
Thailand7.746
Taiwan7.631
Argentina7.612
Jamaica7.588
Guyana7.52
Liberia7.494
Papua New Guinea7.408
Suriname7.377
Ghana7.284
India7.273
China7.261
Saint Lucia7.229
Comoros7.198
Mauritania7.186
Kazakhstan7.172
Sudan7.171
Tonga7.128
Luxembourg7.125
Eritrea7.108
Cyprus7.075
Djibouti7.068
Turkmenistan7.06
El Salvador7.057
New Zealand7.033
Venezuela7.029
Pakistan6.934
Gabon6.822
Bahamas6.817
Azerbaijan6.808
Bolivia6.789
Iceland6.736
Sri Lanka6.717
Hong Kong6.716
Republic Of The Congo6.701
Micronesia6.626
Australia6.622
Malawi6.61
Ethiopia6.529
Uganda6.527
Indonesia6.51
Brazil6.503
Zambia6.476
Laos6.431
Antigua And Barbuda6.409
Afghanistan6.393
Tanzania6.387
Nepal6.358
Vietnam6.354
Mongolia6.351
Kiribati6.32
Tunisia6.267
Bhutan6.265
Reunion6.256
Chile6.215
Dominican Republic6.177
Ireland6.139
South Korea6.111
Mexico6.039
Cambodia6.019
Madagascar6.017
Kyrgyzstan6.011
Yemen5.991
Philippines5.9
Botswana5.825
Egypt5.808
New Caledonia5.807
Uzbekistan5.794
French Polynesia5.7
Senegal5.691
Cape Verde5.611
Colombia5.606
Bangladesh5.545
Peru5.539
Paraguay5.527
Kenya5.483
Turkey5.444
Israel5.328
Guam5.249
Samoa5.236
Vanuatu5.236
Rwanda5.235
Syria5.232
Malaysia5.139
Costa Rica5.122
Ecuador5.121
Libya5.1
Panama5.098
Nicaragua5.077
Morocco5.072
Western Sahara4.936
Iran4.866
Tajikistan4.836
Sao Tome And Principe4.819
Iraq4.773
Belize4.744
Guatemala4.741
Algeria4.723
Singapore4.6
Brunei4.513
Honduras4.453
Lebanon4.419
Solomon Islands4.255
Macau4.002
Jordan3.887
Saudi Arabia3.513
Palestine3.462
French Guiana2.956
Maldives2.821
Kuwait2.787
Mayotte2.71
Oman2.446
Bahrain2.416
United Arab Emirates1.519
Qatar1.244