Fragile States Index 2020

The Fragile States Index is a report released by the Fund for Peace and the magazine, Foreign Policy. This report has been released annually since 2005. The primary purpose of this report is to assess the vulnerability of sovereign states throughout the nation. All sovereign states that are members of the United Nations are included in the report when enough data is available with the exception of Taiwan, Kosovo, Western Sahara, Northern Cyprus, and the Palestinian Territories.

The report uses indicators across four categories to determine if a state is vulnerable to conflict or collapse. The categories that are assessed include:

  • Cohesion
  • Economic
  • Political
  • Social

There are 12 different indicators used to determine the vulnerability of the states. These factors include human rights, public services, demographic pressures, refugees and internally displaced persons, and security.

The higher a state is ranked on the list, the more vulnerable it is. According to the 2018 Fragile States Index, South Sudan was the most vulnerable with a score of 113.4. Not far behind was the state of Somalia with a score of 113.2. The third most vulnerable state on the index was Yemen was a score of 112.7.

From the 2018 Index, the top 10 most vulnerable states included:

On the flip side, states with the lowest scores were found to be the most vulnerable and less at-risk for conflict or collapse. The top state based on the 2018 Index was Finland with a score of 17.9. Norway came in second place with a score of 18.3, while Switzerland came in next with a score of 19.2.

The states that appear at the bottom of the Index of 2018 and thus are less vulnerable to conflict or collapse include:

Fragile States Index 2020

Country Fragile States Index Population 2020
Yemen113.529,825,964
Somalia112.315,893,222
South Sudan112.211,193,725
Syria111.517,500,658
Dr Congo110.289,561,403
Central African Republic108.94,829,767
Chad108.516,425,864
Sudan10843,849,260
Afghanistan10538,928,346
Zimbabwe99.514,862,924
Guinea99.413,132,795
Haiti99.311,402,528
Nigeria98.5206,139,589
Burundi98.211,890,784
Cameroon9726,545,863
Eritrea96.43,546,421
Niger96.224,206,644
Uganda95.345,741,007
Mali94.520,250,833
Myanmar94.354,409,800
Pakistan94.2220,892,340
Ethiopia94.2114,963,588
Kenya93.553,771,296
North Korea92.725,778,816
Republic Of The Congo92.55,518,087
Libya92.26,871,292
Ivory Coast92.126,378,274
Liberia90.25,057,681
Mauritania90.14,649,658
Venezuela89.328,435,940
Mozambique88.731,255,435
Egypt88.4102,334,404
Angola87.832,866,272
Bangladesh87.7164,689,383
Rwanda87.512,952,218
Togo87.48,278,724
Sierra Leone86.87,976,983
Zambia85.718,383,955
Swaziland85.31,160,164
Djibouti85.1988,000
Lebanon856,825,445
Nepal84.729,136,808
Sri Lanka8421,413,249
Burkina Faso83.920,903,273
Gambia83.92,416,668
Malawi83.319,129,952
Philippines83.1109,581,078
Papua New Guinea83.18,947,024
Iran8383,992,949
Equatorial Guinea82.61,402,985
Cambodia82.516,718,965
Solomon Islands81.9686,884
Comoros81.7869,601
Guatemala81.417,915,568
Madagascar80.927,691,018
Turkey80.384,339,067
Tanzania80.159,734,218
Lesotho79.72,142,249
Laos78.77,275,560
Nicaragua78.16,624,554
Honduras77.89,904,607
Tajikistan77.79,537,645
Senegal77.216,743,927
Israel76.58,655,535
Kyrgyzstan76.26,524,195
Jordan75.910,203,134
Uzbekistan75.733,469,203
Colombia75.750,882,891
Algeria75.443,851,044
Russia74.7145,934,462
India74.41,380,004,385
Morocco73.936,910,560
Benin73.612,123,200
Azerbaijan73.210,139,177
Thailand73.169,799,978
Micronesia73115,023
Bolivia72.911,673,021
Bhutan72771,608
Georgia723,989,167
Brazil71.8212,559,417
Fiji71.7896,445
Turkmenistan71.46,031,200
Bosnia And Herzegovina71.33,280,819
Ecuador71.217,643,054
South Africa71.159,308,690
Sao Tome And Principe71.1219,159
China71.11,439,323,776
Ukraine7143,733,762
Gabon70.52,225,734
Saudi Arabia70.434,813,871
Indonesia70.4273,523,615
Tunisia70.111,818,619
Maldives69.8540,544
El Salvador69.86,486,205
Mexico69.7128,932,753
Peru68.232,971,854
Guyana68.2786,552
Belarus68.29,449,323
Serbia688,737,371
Moldova67.14,033,963
Paraguay677,132,538
Armenia66.72,963,243
Cape Verde66.6555,987
Namibia66.42,540,905
Dominican Republic66.210,847,910
Vietnam66.197,338,579
Ghana65.931,072,940
Samoa64.2198,414
Bahrain63.81,701,575
Belize62.5397,628
Suriname61.9586,632
Kazakhstan61.618,776,707
Jamaica61.22,961,167
Cuba60.811,326,616
Malaysia60.532,365,999
Botswana59.52,351,627
Albania58.92,877,797
Cyprus57.81,207,359
Grenada57.6112,523
Brunei57.5437,479
Montenegro55.3628,066
Seychelles55.298,347
Antigua And Barbuda54.497,929
Mongolia54.13,278,290
Greece53.910,423,054
Trinidad And Tobago531,399,488
Bulgaria50.66,948,445
Oman505,106,626
Hungary49.69,660,351
Bahamas48.8393,244
Barbados48287,375
Romania47.819,237,691
Croatia47.54,105,267
Panama474,314,767
Argentina4645,195,774
Qatar45.42,881,053
Latvia43.91,886,198
Italy43.860,461,826
Poland42.837,846,611
Costa Rica425,094,118
Estonia40.81,326,535
Spain40.746,754,778
United Arab Emirates40.19,890,402
Mauritius38.91,271,768
Chile38.919,116,201
Lithuania38.12,722,289
United States38331,002,651
Czech Republic37.610,708,981
United Kingdom36.767,886,011
Malta34.5441,543
Japan34.3126,476,461
Uruguay343,473,730
South Korea33.751,269,185
France3265,273,511
Belgium28.611,589,623
Singapore28.15,850,342
Slovenia282,078,938
Portugal25.310,196,709
Austria259,006,398
Netherlands24.817,134,872
Germany24.783,783,942
Luxembourg20.4625,978
Sweden20.310,099,265
New Zealand20.14,822,233
Canada2037,742,154
Iceland19.8341,243
Australia19.725,499,884
Denmark19.55,792,202
Switzerland18.78,654,622
Norway185,421,241
Finland16.95,540,720
Kuwait3.24,270,571