French Polynesia Population 2020

280,463

French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity or country of the French Republic that is comprised of many groups of Polynesian islands. The most well-known of these islands is Tahiti in the Society Islands group, with is also the most populous. In 2020, the population of French Polynesia is estimated at 280,908, which ranks 185th in the world.

French Polynesia is divided into five island groups: the Austral Islands, the Marquesas Islands, the Gambier Islands, the Tuamotu Archipelago, and the Society Islands archipelago, which is made up of the Leeward Islands and the Windward Islands. 67 of the nation's 118 atolls and islands are inhabited. The most populous island is Tahiti, which is part of the Society Islands.

According to the 2012 census, 68.5% of the population lived on Tahiti. The capital city of Papeete, on Tahiti, has a population of 134,000. The country has an overall population density of 76 people per square kilometer (197/square mile), which ranks 130th in the world. The population of French Polynesia is believed to have grown from 268,000 in 2012 to 280,908 in 2020.

French Polynesia Demographics

The 2007 census found that 87% of the population in French Polynesia were born in the country, 9% were born in metropolitan France, 1% were born in overseas France outside of French Polynesia and 2% were born in foreign countries.

The last census that asked about ethnicity occurred in 1988, at which point 66.5% of the population was ethnically Polynesian, 7% was ethnically mixed Polynesian, 11.9% were European (primarily French), 93% were of mixed Polynesian and French descent (referred to as the Demis) and 4.7% were East Asians (primarily Chinese).

The Chinese, Demis and white population are concentrated on Tahiti, particularly in the capital of Papeete.

The main religion is Christianity. 54% belong to Protestant churches while 30% are Roman Catholic. About 50% of the population of the country belongs to the Maoi Protestant Church. There are also about 22,000 members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) and 2,700 Jehovah's Witnesses.

French Polynesia Population Growth

French Polynesia has a relatively high standard of living and access to health care is improving. Despite this, French Polynesia remains in a vulnerable position as it has few natural resources. The country has control over its own government, and, while independence from France is a possibility one day, it will not happen in the near future.

French Polynesia's population is currently growing at a rate of 1% per year. This modest growth rate is expected to continue for the next decade.

Components of Population Change

One birth every 131 minutes
One death every 360 minutes
One net migrant every 720 minutes
Net gain of one person every 288 minutes

French Polynesia Population in 2018Source: By dacowi (https://www.flickr.com/photos/dacowi/2425670923/) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

French Polynesia Population Pyramid 2020

French Polynesia Population by Age

There are 203,549 adults in French Polynesia.

Census Years

Year Date
20172017
201218 September 2012
200720 August 2007
20027 November 2002
19963 September 1996
19886 September 1988

French Polynesia's population is currently growing at a rate of 1% per year. This modest growth rate is expected to continue for the next decade.

Official NameFrench Polynesia
Languages SpokenFrench
Is LandlockedNo
Latitude/Longitude-15.00, -140.00
Currencies UsedComptoirs Français du Pacifique (CFP) Franc
DemonymFrench Polynesian
BordersNone
Name Population Location
Faaa29,851Map
Papeete26,357Map
Punaauia25,750Map
Pirae14,475Map
Mahina14,369Map
Paea12,084Map
Papao10,360Map
Arue9,458Map
Afaahiti5,186Map
Uturoa3,668Map
Taiohae1,224Map

French Polynesia Population Clock

The population of French Polynesia (as of 4/2/2020)?280,463
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)280,908
Births Per Day11
Deaths Per Day4
Net Migrations Per Day-2
Net Change Per Day5
Population Change Since January 1st465

French Polynesia Population Estimator

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Estimate as of April 2nd 2020 is: 280,513

Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020280,90850.64%49.36%67.411850.58%
2019279,28750.66%49.34%67.021850.58%
2018277,67950.67%49.32%66.641850.57%
2017276,10250.69%49.31%66.261840.56%
2016274,57550.72%49.28%65.891830.53%
2015273,12450.77%49.23%65.541820.50%
2010266,45551.19%48.81%63.941820.59%
2005258,78051.25%48.75%62.101821.46%
2000240,68651.44%48.55%57.761821.99%
1995218,07151.90%48.09%52.331811.75%
1990199,90552.00%48.00%47.971812.46%
1985177,02752.34%47.66%42.481812.92%
1980153,30152.01%47.99%36.791813.16%
1975131,23351.87%48.13%31.491833.50%
1970110,49551.18%48.81%26.521833.41%
196593,43851.30%48.71%22.421853.66%
196078,07651.43%48.58%18.741862.55%
195568,85451.81%48.18%16.521852.70%
195060,26652.24%47.77%14.461860.00%
Year Population % Male % Female Density (km²) Population Rank Growth Rate
2020280,90850.64%49.36%67.411850.00%
2025289,02850.52%49.49%69.361850.57%
2030296,71450.38%49.61%71.211850.53%
2035303,02350.26%49.74%72.721850.42%
2040307,52750.16%49.84%73.801860.30%
2045310,04550.08%49.92%74.401860.16%
2050310,65450.05%49.95%74.551860.04%
2055309,55750.06%49.94%74.29186-0.07%
2060307,07850.10%49.90%73.69185-0.16%
2065303,52050.16%49.84%72.84185-0.23%
2070299,13050.24%49.77%71.79186-0.29%
2075294,01950.31%49.69%70.56186-0.34%
2080288,30350.37%49.63%69.19186-0.39%
2085282,08650.41%49.59%67.70186-0.44%
2090275,51350.42%49.58%66.12186-0.47%
2095268,69750.41%49.60%64.48186-0.50%
  1. Institut de la statistique de la Polynésie française
  2. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1962, 1971, 1988, 1996, 2002, 2007 and 2012 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration.

  3. GeoNames Gazetteer