Georgia Population 2020 (Live)

3,990,242

For many years, Georgia had a declining population, although its current growth rate is estimated at about 0.6% per year. Unless something changes, government officials and demographers predict Georgia's population may fall to half its current size in just 40 years. In 2011, President Mikheil Saakashvili set a population goal of 5 million by 2015.

Georgia Population Growth

Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, more than 1.5 million Georgian nationals have left the country. There are believed to be 1 million Georgian immigrants living in Russia.

There are several reasons the country's population remains flat, including a preference for boys that has led to more abortions of females and fewer potential mothers, as well as the financial hardship of having more than one child. One possible way to address this overall stagnant population is welfare benefits and assistance for large families and pregnant women. A low fertility rate of less than 2 children per mother is also a considerable impact on this reported low natural growth. As of 2019, the annual rate of change in Georgia was -0.07%.

Georgia Population Projections

The declining birth rate in combination with increasing emigration is expected to continue into the foreseeable future, causing the population to continuously decline. Current projections believe that the annual growth rate will get down to -0.55% by the year 2050. If this proves to be true, the population in Georgia will likely be around 3,898,529 in 2020, 3,748,350 in 2030, 3,576,930 in 2040, and 3,393,665 in 2050.

The current population of Georgia is 3,990,242, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 3,989,167.

Georgia Growth Rate

Georgia Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Tbilisi1,049,498
Kutaisi178,338
Batumi121,806
Sokhumi81,546
Zugdidi73,006
Rust'avi50,000
P'ot'i47,149
Gori46,676
Ts'khinvali30,000
Samtredia28,748

Georgia Area and Population Density

Not to be confused with the state of Georgia in the United States, the country of Georgia is located where Eastern Europe meets Western Asia. The country is bordered by Russia, Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Armenia and it touches the Black Sea to the west. The total surface area available in Georgia comes to 26,911 square miles (69,700 square kilometers), giving it a ranking of 121st in area size.The 2017 population of Georgia was 3.71 million, giving it a population density of about 138 people per square mile (53 people per square kilometer, which ranks 123rd in the world in terms of population density.

Largest Cities in Georgia

Nearly 60% of the population in Georgia live in or around a major metropolitan area. The capital is Tbilisi is also the largest city in the country with a population of nearly 1.5 million people. Tbilisi is located along the Kura River, making it a popular trade destination, and it has been occupied since at least the 5th century. The second-largest city in Georgia is Kutaisi with a population of nearly 200,000. Kutaisi is subtropical and surrounded by deciduous forest and is considered the cultural center of Georgia. The third-largest city is Butami with a population of 167,000 and is a popular tourist destination because of its location along the sea and its reputation for nice weather. The only other city in Georgia with a population exceeding 100,000 is Rustavi.

Georgia Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20203,989,167-0.19%57.41132152
20193,996,765-0.15%57.52132151
20184,002,942-0.14%57.60132150
20174,008,716-0.17%57.69132150
20164,015,450-0.22%57.78131150
20154,024,183-0.37%57.91130150
20104,099,099-0.53%58.99125145
20054,210,168-0.71%60.59121139
20004,362,187-2.60%62.77117129
19954,976,260-1.66%71.61106119
19905,410,3990.75%77.8697114
19855,211,4540.76%75.0095111
19805,017,8330.58%72.2193108
19754,873,6390.67%70.1391101
19704,713,3421.52%67.838498
19654,371,5271.75%62.918598
19604,007,7231.54%57.6784100
19553,713,1331.03%53.438297
19503,527,0080.00%50.767991

Georgia Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20203,989,167-0.19%57.41132152
20253,929,296-0.30%56.54132158
20303,853,306-0.39%55.45133160
20353,771,769-0.43%54.28133164
20403,689,319-0.44%53.09133165
20453,605,417-0.46%51.88136167
20503,516,865-0.50%50.61138171
20553,421,693-0.55%49.24139175
20603,321,036-0.60%47.79139175
20653,217,738-0.63%46.31140176
20703,114,793-0.65%44.82140176
20753,013,709-0.66%43.37140179
20802,914,990-0.66%41.95140179
20852,817,972-0.67%40.55140182
20902,720,931-0.70%39.16141183
20952,620,613-0.75%37.71141183

Georgia Population by Year (Projections)

Georgia Population Pyramid 2020

Georgia Population by Age

There are 3,067,039 adults in Georgia.

Georgia Population Pyramid

Georgia Population Clock

The population of Georgia (as of 5/19/2020)?3,990,242
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2020)3,989,167
Births Per Day142
Deaths Per Day140
Net Migrations Per Day-27
Net Change Per Day-25
Population Change Since January 1st-3,475

Georgia Population Estimator

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Estimate as of May 19th 2020 is: 3,990,041

Components of Population Change

One birth every 10 minutes
One death every 10 minutes
One net migrant every 53 minutes
Net loss of one person every 58 minutes

Georgia Demographics

Most Georgians do not fit into main ethnic groups of Asia or Europe. It is believed that modern-day Georgians are the result of a fusion of aboriginal inhabitants with immigrants from South Caucasus. Ethnic Georgians account for 84% of the population, with other ethnicities including Armenians, Greeks, Russians, Jews, Azerbaijanis, Ossetians, and Abkhazians. Georgian Jews are one of the oldest Jewish communities on earth.

The official language used here is Georgian, with additional use of Azeri, Armenian, and Russian.

The median age of the overall population in Georgia is currently at 38.1 years of age in 2018, with a total life expectancy of approximately 76.4 years.

Georgia Religion, Economy and Politics

Although Georgia has had a history of religious disputes with surrounding nations, there is harmony amongst religious groups within the country and there is no official state religion. Orthodox Christianity accounts for 83.4% of the population, and the Georgian Orthodox Church is one of the oldest Christian churches in the world. An additional 10.7% of Georgians practice Islam, which has been in the area since 645 AD. Within the Muslim community, there are are two major groups: the Sunni Hanafi and the Azerbaijani Muslims which are separated largely by region. There is a small Jewish community in Tbilisi as well as small numbers of Roman Catholics scattered throughout the country.

The Georgian economy has been going well in the years since the fall of the Soviet Union largely due to economic and democratic reforms made in the area. In 2007, Georgia was named the World's number one economic reformer. Georgia is known for being easy to do business with and is one of the least corrupt nations in the European Union. Major industries in Georgia include energy because of its huge hydroelectric capacity, agriculture which employs 55% of the population, and tourism.

Georgia Population History

Starting in the year 1801, present-day Georgia was part of the Russian Empire. Georgia declared its independence in 1918, which Russia did not approve of and they absorbed the country into the newly forming Soviet Union. The people of Georgia fought back against Soviet forces for much of the 1900s and there were many violent and deadly clashes during that period before they were finally successful in gaining their independence in 1991.

By 1992 Abkhazia in the northwest region of the country fought against the Georgian government for their liberation, but a ceasefire agreement was signed by 1994. In 2001 Russia accused Georgia of harboring rebels from Chechenia and raided the nation, but the United States helped equip Georgia to fight back. In 2006 a pipeline burst on the Russian border, forcing Georgia to receive gas from Iran, but escalating tensions with Russia, beginning more years of fighting.

About Georgia

  1. Statistics Institute
  2. Statistics Institute
  3. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.

    Total population: Estimated to be consistent with the 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 2002 and 2014 censuses, and with estimates of the subsequent trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Population of the 2014 census has been adjusted by including estimates for the areas excluded from the census enumeration.

  4. GeoNames Gazetteer